Electrical Engineering Semester 7 Syllabus
Power System Operation and Control 
Load Flow Studies: Network model formulation, Y bus formation and singular matrix transformation. Load flow problem, Gauss Seidel (GS) methods. Newton Raphson methods (NR) (Polar, Rectangular form). Decoupled, Fast Decoupled load flow and comparison. Concept of DC loads flow.
Economic System Operation: Generator operating cost: inputoutput, Heat rate and IFC curve, Constraints in operation, Coordinate equation, Exact coordinate equation, Bmn coefficients, transmission loss formula. Economic operation with limited fuel supply and shared generators, Economic exchange of power between the areas Optimal unit commitment and reliability considerations Automatic Generation and control: Load frequency control problem, Thermal Governing system and transfer function. Steam Turbine and Power system transfer function. Isolated power system: static and dynamic response PI and control implementation Two area load frequency control, static and dynamic response Frequency biased Tie line Bias controlimplementation and effect Implementation of AGC, AGC in restructured power system, under frequency load shedding, GRC, Dead band and its effect. Inter Change of Power and Energy: Multiple utility interchange transaction, Other types of transactions, Power Pool. Power System Stability:Types of Stability Study, Dynamics of synchronous machine, Power angle equation, Node elimination technique, Simple Systems, Steady state stability, Transient stability, Equal area criteria and its applications, Numerical solution of swing equation, Modified Euler?s method. Voltage stabilty: Introduction, reactive power transmission, short circuit capacity, Problems of reactive power transmission, rotor angle stability and voltage stability, surge impedance loading, PV and V Q curve, various methods of voltage control –shunt and series compensation. Voltage Control Tap changing transformers, Booster transformers, Static voltage compensators, Thyristorised series voltage injection 
Assessment: Internal assessment consists of two tests out of which one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term work: Term Work shall consist of minimum four programs or four Simulations based on above syllabus and four tutorials covering the entire syllabus The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Laboratory work (experiments) :10 marks Assignments : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks 
Text Books: 1. Kothari. D. P, Nagrath. I. J., „Modern Power System Analysis?, TMH Publication, Third Edition, 2008 2. Kothari. D. P, Nagrath. I. J., „Power System Engineering?, TMH Publication, Second Edition, 2008 3. George Kausic. „Computer Aided Power System Analysis?, Prentice Hall Publication.2008 4. Chakrabarti .A, Halder. S, „Power System Analysis Operation and Control?, PHI, Second Edition 2008. 5. Allen. J. Wood., Bruce. F. Wollenberg., „Power Generation operation and Control?, Wiley India, Second Edition, 2007. 6. Prabha Kundur , „Power System Stability and Control? , TMH Publication,2008. 
High Voltage DC Transmission 
Introduction to HVDC transmission: Early discoveries and applications, , Limitation and advantages of AC and DC transmission, Economic factors, Classification of HVDC links, Components HVDC Transmission system, Application of DC transmission , Ground Return Advantages and Problems
Analysis of the Bridge rectifier: Analysis of six pulse converter with grid control but no overlap, Current and phase relations, Analysis of six pulse converter with grid control and overlap less than 600, Relation between AC and DC quantities, Analysis with overlap greater than 600, Rectifier operation and inverter operation, Equivalent circuit of rectifier and inverter, Multi bridge converter, Numerical from converter circuits and multiple bridge converter. Control: Faults and protection: Malfunction of mercury arc valves, By pass valves: transfer of current from main valves to bypass valves and back to main valves (both rectifier and inverter), Commutation failure: causes and analysis, double commutation failure, Protection against over current, over voltage, Surge arrester. Harmonics & Filters: Characteristics Harmonics and UnCharacteristics Harmonics, Causes, Consequences, Trouble Caused by Harmonics, Means of Reducing Harmonics, Filters, AC & DC Filters. 
Assessment: Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term work: Term Work shall consist of minimum two programs or two Simulations based on above syllabus and six tutorials covering the entire syllabus The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Simulation/programs and tutorial : 10 marks Assignments : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks 
Text Books: 1. Edward Wilson Kimbark “Direct Current Transmission” Wiley publication Inter science 2. K R Padiyar “HVDC power transmission systems” second edition, New Age International (p)Ltd 3. S. Kamkshaiah and V Kamraju “HVDC transmission” Tata McGraw Hill Education Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi 
Electrical Machine Design 
Introduction: Introduction to machine design, Magnetic, Electrical, Conducting and Insulating materials used in machines.
Design of Single phase and Three phase transformers Review on construction and parts of transformer, Output equation, Main Dimensions, Specific electric and magnetic loadings, Design of core, Selection of the type of winding, Design of LV and HV windings, Design of insulation, Performance measurement of Transformers: Resistance and leakage reactance of the winding, Mechanical forces, No load current; Cooling of transformers – design of cooling tank and tubes/ radiators, IS: 1180, IS: 2026. Design of Three phase Induction motors: Output equation, Choice of specific electric and magnetic loadings, Standard frames, Main dimensions, Design of stator and rotor windings, Stator and rotor slots, Design of stator core, air gap, Design of squirrel cage rotor, end rings, Design of wound rotor, Types of enclosures. Performance measurement of three phase Induction motors: Calculation of leakage reactance for parallel sided slot, Carter?s coefficients, Concept of B60, Calculation of No load current, Short circuit current, Calculation of maximum output from Circle diagram, Dispersion coefficient, IS325, IS1231, IEC 60034. Design criteria of Energy efficient Induction motor. Design examples of Transformers and Induction Motors. 
Assessment: Internal assessment consists of two tests out of which one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term work: Term work shall consist of following: 1. The complete design of one Three phase transformer and one Three phase induction motor with standard frame size; Minimum four sheets (full imperial size) covering the diagrams of individual parts and the assembled views. At least one sheet should be using AUTOCAD. Design should be based on the Indian Standard Specifications. 2. A combined report (group of maximum four students) on recent trends in transformer and induction machine manufacturing should be submitted. 3. Minimum three assignment covering complete syllabus. The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Laboratory work (experiments) : 10 marks Assignments : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks 
Text Books: 1. A.K. Sawhney, “Electrical Machine Design”, Dhanpat Rai & Co 2. M.V.Deshpande, “Design and Testing of Electrical Machines”, PHI Learning. 3. M.G.Say, “Performance & Design of AC Machines”, Pitman University of Mumbai Electrical Engineering Rev 201213 4. Indrajit Dasgupta, “Design of Transformers”, TMH 
Control System – II 
Introduction to controllers and controllers Design: Lag, lead and leadlag network, cascade and feedback compensation and concept of Proportional, Integral and derivative controllers (all these with no numerical), design of gain compensation, lag, lead, laglead compensators through frequency response technique ( simple design problems).
PID controllers: Introduction to different form of PID controllers, textbook and industrial form, issues in implementation of industrial PID, and modifications in the form of PID controllers, reverse acting controller. Design Via state Space: Introduction to controller design via gain adjustment, controllability, alternative approach to controller design, introduction to observer(estimator), observability, alternative approach to observer design, steady state error design via integral control. Digital control System: introduction to digital control system, Modeling the digital computer, Pulse transfer function, Block diagram reduction, concept of stability in digital control system, Digital system stability via the splane (using RouthHurwitz) Steady state error, Transient response on Z plane (no numerical), cascade compensation via splane, implementation of digital compensator. Programmable Logic Controllers: Introduction to PLC, Input output field devices, block diagram of PLC, input output module, power supply, programming unit, processing unit, rack assembly, memory unit, relay ladder logic circuit , addressing modes in PLC, relationship of data file to I/O module. Fundamentals of PLC programming: PLC program execution, ladder diagram programming language, instructions set of PLC, simple programs using these instructions, jump and loop instruction, shift instruction, troubleshooting PLC. 
Assessment: Internal assessment consists of two tests out of which one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Practical and Oral examination: The distribution of marks shall be as follows: Performance of Experiments : 15 marks Oral examination : 10 marks Term work: Term work should consist of four practical on PLC, four programs / simulation on rest of the syllabus and one test paper. The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Practical Work (Design, drawing sheets, report on recent trends) :10 marks Assignments :10 marks Attendance :05 marks 
Text books: 1. Control system engineering by Norman Nise 2nd to latest edition 2. Control Engineering: An Introductory course by Wilkie J., Johnson M., Katebi R., Palgrave MacMillan, Ist to latest edition 3. Industrial Control Electronics: Devices, Systems and Applications by Bartelt, Delmar Thomson Learning, 1st edition 4. Introduction to Programmable Logic Controller by Dunning G, Delmar Thomson Learning , 2nd edition 
High Voltage Engineering 
Electrostatic Fields, their control and estimation: Electric field stress, its control and estimation, Analysis of electrical field intensity in Homogenous Isotropic Single dielectric and multi dielectric system, Numerical methodsFinite difference, Finite Element and Charge simulation methods for the estimation of Electric Field Intensity, Surge voltage, their distribution and control 2Conduction and breakdown in air and other gaseous dielectrics in electric fields: Breakdown in liquid and solid dielectrics Generation & Measurement of High voltage and Currents: Testing and evaluation of dielectric materials and power apparatus: High Voltage laboratory–design, planning and layout: 
Assessment: Internal assessment consists of two tests out of which one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term work: Term work would consists of at least 02 practical/02 simulations/ a report on visit to any HV lab and 06 assignments The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Laboratory work (experiments) :10 marks Assignments : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks 
Text Books: 1. Naidu M. S. and Kamraju V., high voltage engg. TMH publications second ed.,1995 2. Wadhwa C. L. ,High voltage engg ,Wiley Eastern ltd., first ed., 1994 3. Kuffel E. and Abdullah M. „Introduction to High voltage engg, Pergamon, 1970. 4. Kuffel E. „High voltage engg, Pergamon, 1984. 
Analysis and Design of Power Switching Converters 
Basic DC to DC converters: Buck Converter, Boost Converter, Buck – Boost , Continuous (CCM) and Discontinuous mode(DCM) of operation, boundary between CCM and DCM, CUK converter, introduction to SEPIC converter, Calculation of output voltage ripple, Numericals Switching Power Supplies: cycle derivation, waveforms, Comparison of converters, Numericals Switched mode inverters: Applications: 
Assessment: Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term work: Mini project on “Design, Implementation and Testing of a dc to dc converter for specific application” The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Laboratory work (experiments) : 10 marks Assignments : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks 
Text Books: 1) Mohan N. Undeland . T & Robbins W., “Power Electronics Converters , Application and Design” John Wiley, 3rd edition 2) Umanand L., Bhat S.R., “Design of magnetic components for switched Mode Power converters” , Wiley Eastern Ltd. 3) “Power Electronics: Devices, Circuits and Matlab Simulations” by Alok Jain, Penram International publishing (India Pvt, Ltd) 4) “Power Electronics”, Joseph Vithayathil, Tata McGrawhill 5) “Power Electronics” M.H.Rashid, PrenticeHall of India 
Power System Modelling 
Introduction: Components of power system, Need for power system modeling, dqo transformation, ?? transformation. Synchronous machine modeling: Excitation system modeling: Transmission line and Transformer modeling: SVC and Load modeling: Modeling of nonelectrical component: 
Assessment: Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term work: Term work shall consist of following minimum Eight experiments, Assignments (minimum Two). The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Practical Work (Design, drawing sheets, report on recent trends) :10 marks Assignments : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks 
1. Power System Dynamics & Control – Kundur, IEEE Press , New York 2. Power System Operation & Control – P.S.R. Murthy 3. “Electrical Energy System Theory – an introduction” by Olle Elgerd. TMH Publishing Company 2nd Edition, New Delhi 4. “Power System Analysis” – John J. Granier and W.D. Stevenson Jr, 4th Edition, McGraw Hill International student edition. 5. “Power System Modeling and Fault Analysis” – Nasser Tleis, Elsevier publication. 
Digital Signal Controllers and its Application 
Introduction Review of microprocessor, microcontroller and digital signal processors architecture, Fixed and floatingpoint processors Number formats and operations: Fixed point 16 bit numbers representations of signed integers and fraction, Floating Point Numbers. Review of commonly used DSP processors and their applications, introduction to TMS320C2000 digital signal controller (DSC) DSC Architecture and Peripherals DSC Programming Mathematical tools for Real Time DSC implementation: DSC Applications in Power Electronics: 
Assessment: Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term work: Term work would consists of minimum 08 practicals / simulations and assignments (minimum two). The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Laboratory work (experiments) : 10 marks Assignments : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks 
Reference Book: 1. Digital Signal Processing in Power Electronics Control Circuits By Krzysztof Sozanski, Springer 2. Digital Signal Processing in Power System Protection and Control By Waldemar Rebizant, Janusz Szafran, and Andrzej Wiszniewski, Springer. 3. Digital Power Electronics and Applications By Fang Lin Luo , Hong Ye and Muhammad Rashid, Elsevier Academic Press. 4. Digital Signal Processing in Power Electronics Control Circuits By Krzysztof Sozanski, Springer 5. Power Electronics, Converters, Applications & Design by N.Mohan, T.M.Undeland, W.P Robbins, Wiley India Pvt. Ltd. 6. Modern Power Electronics and AC Drives by B. K Bose, Pearson Education 7. DSP Based Electromechanical Motion Control by Hamid Toliyat and Steven Campbell, CRC Press 
Advanced Lighting Systems 
Introduction: Review of Light, Color and Photometry: Laws of illumination, illumination entities. Radiometric and photometric standards, Photometric measurement procedure assessment of lamp efficacy, Color temperature, Colorimetry Measurement of CRI, Glare Lamps and Luminaries: Exterior Lighting Design & Calculation: Lightng Control: SolidState Lighting: 
Assessment: Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term Work: 1. Four lab experiments based on study of lamps and luminaries operation and construction parameters measurements 2. Group study report on observation and analysis of existing lighting installation (at least 4) at following areas: commercial/ non commercial, industries/offices, indoor/outdoor, sports center etc. 3. Minimum two designs on interior and exterior lighting based on specific applications. Design calculation and computer aided design Term work shall consist of lab experiments / group study and CAD design as described above. The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Laboratory work (Experiments, Group studies and Journal) : 10 marks. Group Case Studies : 10 marks. Attendance (Practical and Theory) : 5 marks. 
Text Books: 1. “Designing with light: Lighting Handbook”, by Anil Valia, International Lighting Academy 2002 2. “Lamps and Lighting”, by M.A. Cayless and A.M. Marsden; Edward Arnold 3. “Interior Lighting for Designers”, by Gary Gorden, John Wiley & Sons Inc. 4. “Advanced Lighting Controls: Energy Savings, Productivity, Technology and Applications”, by Craig DiLouie, The Fairmount Press, 2006 5. “Automated Lighting”, by Richard Cadena, Second Edition, Focal Press, 2010 6. “Solid State Lighting Reliability: Components to Systems”, by W.D. van Driel l X.J. Fan, Springer, 2013 7. “LED Lighting Systems: All you need to know”, by Anil Valia, International Lighting Academy, 2012 8. “LEDs for Lighting Applications”, by Patrick Mottier, ISTE Ltd and John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2009 9. “LED Lighting”, by Sal Cangeloso, Published by O?Reilly Media, Inc., 2012 
Renewable Energy and Energy Storage Systems 
Introduction: Review of worlds production and reserves of commercial energy sources, India?s Production and reserves, energy alternatives, Review of conventional and non conventional energy sources. Distributed generation, Future trends in power generation and distribution. Solar Energy: BOS of PV system, battery charge controllers, MPPT, and different algorithms for MPPT, distributed MPPT, Types of PV systems; Design methodology of standalone PV system. Solar PV Microinverters. Power quality and protection issues, review of regulatory standards. Wind Energy: Other Sources: Energy Storage 
Assessment: Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term work: Term work would consists of minimum 08 practicals / simulations and assignments ( minimum two). The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Laboratory work (experiments) : 10 marks Assignments : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks 
Reference Book: 1. Chetan Singh Solanki , Solar Photo Voltaics , PHI Learning Pvt Ltd., New Delhi,2009 2. Hashem Nehrir and Caisheng Wang, Modeling and control of fuel cells: Distributed Generation Applications, IEEE Press, 2009 3. J.F. Manwell and J.G. McGowan, Wind Energy Explained, theory design and applications, Wiley publication 4. D. D. Hall and R. P. Grover, Biomass Regenerable Energy, John Wiley, New York, 1987. 5. Felix A. Farret and M. Godoy Simoes, Integration of Alternative Sources of Energy, 2006, John Wiley and Sons. 6. M. Ehsani, Y. Gao, and Ali Emadi, Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Fundamentals, Theory and Design, Second Edition, CRC Press. 7. S. Chakraborty, M. G. Simões and W. E. Kramer, Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy System, Springer 2013 8. Ahmed Faheem Zobaa, Energy storage – Technologies and Applications, InTech Publication 2013. 9. N. Femia • G. Petrone, G. Spagnuolo and M. Vitelli, Power Electronics and Control Techniques for Maximum Energy Harvesting in Photovoltaic Systems, CRC Press, 2013 

Optimization Techniques and its Applications 
Introduction: Optimization Techniques, Conventional Techniques, Evolutionary Techniques. Linear Programming: Simplex method, Revised simplex method, Duality in linear programming Nonlinear Programming: Quadratic Programming with KuhnTucker conditions and Wolfe?s Modified simplex method , Geometric programming Dynamic Programming (DP): Genetic Algorithm: Applications to power system: 
Assessment: Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term work: Term work consists of minimum five computer programs/simulations covering 80% of syllabus. The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Laboratory work (experiments) : 10 marks Assignments : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks 
Text Books: 1. Modern Optimization Techniques with Applications in Electric Power Systems. By Soliman AbdelHady Soliman, AbdelAal Hassan Mantawy, Springer LLC 2012 2. Operations Research Theory and applications, J.K.Sharma, Macmilan, third edition. 3. Engineering Optimization Theory and Practice, S. S. Rao, New Age International Publishers. 4. J.C. Pant: Introduction to Optimization, Jain Brothers, 2004 5. Optimization of Power System Operation, By Jizhong Zhu, August 2009, WileyIEEE Pres 
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