Electrical Engineering Semester 7 Syllabus


Electrical Engineering Semester 7 Syllabus

Power System Operation and Control
Load Flow Studies: Network model formulation, Y bus formation and singular matrix transformation. Load flow problem, Gauss Seidel (GS) methods. Newton Raphson methods (NR) (Polar, Rectangular form). Decoupled, Fast Decoupled load flow and comparison. Concept of DC loads flow.

Economic System Operation: Generator operating cost:- input-output, Heat rate and IFC curve, Constraints in operation, Coordinate equation, Exact coordinate equation, Bmn coefficients, transmission loss formula. Economic operation with limited fuel supply and shared generators, Economic exchange of power between the areas Optimal unit commitment and reliability considerations

Automatic Generation and control: Load frequency control problem, Thermal Governing system and transfer function. Steam Turbine and Power system transfer function. Isolated power system:- static and dynamic response PI and control implementation Two area load frequency control, static and dynamic response Frequency biased Tie line Bias control-implementation and effect Implementation of AGC, AGC in restructured power system, under frequency load shedding, GRC, Dead band and its effect.

Inter Change of Power and Energy: Multiple utility interchange transaction, Other types of transactions, Power Pool.

Power System Stability:Types of Stability Study, Dynamics of synchronous machine, Power angle equation, Node elimination technique, Simple Systems, Steady state stability, Transient stability, Equal area criteria and its applications, Numerical solution of swing equation, Modified Euler?s method.

Voltage stabilty: Introduction, reactive power transmission, short circuit capacity, Problems of reactive power transmission, rotor angle stability and voltage stability, surge impedance loading, P-V and V- Q curve, various methods of voltage control –shunt and series compensation. Voltage Control- Tap changing transformers, Booster transformers, Static voltage compensators, Thyristorised series voltage injection

Assessment: Internal assessment consists of two tests out of which one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term work: Term Work shall consist of minimum four programs or four Simulations based on above syllabus and four tutorials covering the entire syllabus The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Laboratory work (experiments) :10 marks Assignments : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks
Text Books:
1. Kothari. D. P, Nagrath. I. J., „Modern Power System Analysis?, TMH Publication, Third Edition, 2008
2. Kothari. D. P, Nagrath. I. J., „Power System Engineering?, TMH Publication, Second Edition, 2008
3. George Kausic. „Computer Aided Power System Analysis?, Prentice Hall Publication.2008
4. Chakrabarti .A, Halder. S, „Power System Analysis- Operation and Control?, PHI, Second Edition 2008.
5. Allen. J. Wood., Bruce. F. Wollenberg., „Power Generation operation and Control?, Wiley India, Second Edition, 2007.
6. Prabha Kundur , „Power System Stability and Control? , TMH Publication,2008.
High Voltage DC Transmission
Introduction to HVDC transmission: Early discoveries and applications, , Limitation and advantages of AC and DC transmission, Economic factors, Classification of HVDC links, Components HVDC Transmission system, Application of DC transmission , Ground Return Advantages and Problems

Analysis of the Bridge rectifier: Analysis of six pulse converter with grid control but no overlap, Current and phase relations, Analysis of six pulse converter with grid control and overlap less than 600, Relation between AC and DC quantities, Analysis with overlap greater than 600, Rectifier operation and inverter operation, Equivalent circuit of rectifier and inverter, Multi bridge converter, Numerical from converter circuits and multiple bridge converter.

Control:
Basic means of control, Limitation of manual control, Constant current verses constant voltage control, Desired features of control, Actual control characteristics, Significance of current margin, Power reversal, Alternative Inverter Control Mode.
Converter Firing Control: Control Implementation, Converter Firing Control Schemes.

Faults and protection: Malfunction of mercury arc valves, By pass valves:- transfer of current from main valves to bypass valves and back to main valves (both rectifier and inverter), Commutation failure: causes and analysis, double commutation failure, Protection against over current, over voltage, Surge arrester.

Harmonics & Filters: Characteristics Harmonics and Un-Characteristics Harmonics, Causes, Consequences, Trouble Caused by Harmonics, Means of Reducing Harmonics, Filters, AC & DC Filters.

Assessment: Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term work: Term Work shall consist of minimum two programs or two Simulations based on above syllabus and six tutorials covering the entire syllabus The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Simulation/programs and tutorial : 10 marks Assignments : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks
Text Books:
1. Edward Wilson Kimbark “Direct Current Transmission” Wiley publication Inter science
2. K R Padiyar “HVDC power transmission systems” second edition, New Age International (p)Ltd
3. S. Kamkshaiah and V Kamraju “HVDC transmission” Tata McGraw Hill Education Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi
Electrical Machine Design
Introduction: Introduction to machine design, Magnetic, Electrical, Conducting and Insulating materials used in machines.

Design of Single phase and Three phase transformers Review on construction and parts of transformer, Output equation, Main Dimensions, Specific electric and magnetic loadings, Design of core, Selection of the type of winding, Design of LV and HV windings, Design of insulation,

Performance measurement of Transformers: Resistance and leakage reactance of the winding, Mechanical forces, No load current; Cooling of transformers – design of cooling tank and tubes/ radiators, IS: 1180, IS: 2026.

Design of Three phase Induction motors: Output equation, Choice of specific electric and magnetic loadings, Standard frames, Main dimensions, Design of stator and rotor windings, Stator and rotor slots, Design of stator core, air gap, Design of squirrel cage rotor, end rings, Design of wound rotor, Types of enclosures.

Performance measurement of three phase Induction motors: Calculation of leakage reactance for parallel sided slot, Carter?s coefficients, Concept of B60, Calculation of No load current, Short circuit current, Calculation of maximum output from Circle diagram, Dispersion coefficient, IS325, IS1231, IEC 60034. Design criteria of Energy efficient Induction motor.

Design examples of Transformers and Induction Motors.

Assessment: Internal assessment consists of two tests out of which one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project. End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination. Term work: Term work shall consist of following:
1. The complete design of one Three phase transformer and one Three phase induction motor with standard frame size; Minimum four sheets (full imperial size) covering the diagrams of individual parts and the assembled views. At least one sheet should be using AUTOCAD. Design should be based on the Indian Standard Specifications.
2. A combined report (group of maximum four students) on recent trends in transformer and induction machine manufacturing should be submitted.
3. Minimum three assignment covering complete syllabus.
The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows: Laboratory work (experiments) : 10 marks Assignments : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks
Text Books: 1. A.K. Sawhney, “Electrical Machine Design”, Dhanpat Rai & Co 2. M.V.Deshpande, “Design and Testing of Electrical Machines”, PHI Learning. 3. M.G.Say, “Performance & Design of AC Machines”, Pitman
University of Mumbai Electrical Engineering Rev 2012-13
4. Indrajit Dasgupta, “Design of Transformers”, TMH
Control System – II
Introduction to controllers and controllers Design: Lag, lead and lead-lag network, cascade and feedback compensation and concept of Proportional, Integral and derivative controllers (all these with no numerical), design of gain compensation, lag, lead, lag-lead compensators through frequency response technique ( simple design problems).

PID controllers: Introduction to different form of PID controllers, textbook and industrial form, issues in implementation of industrial PID, and modifications in the form of PID controllers, reverse acting controller.

Design Via state Space: Introduction to controller design via gain adjustment, controllability, alternative approach to controller design, introduction to observer(estimator), observability, alternative approach to observer design, steady state error design via integral control.

Digital control System: introduction to digital control system, Modeling the digital computer, Pulse transfer function, Block diagram reduction, concept of stability in digital control system, Digital system stability via the s-plane (using Routh-Hurwitz) Steady state error, Transient response on Z plane (no numerical), cascade compensation via s-plane, implementation of digital compensator.

Programmable Logic Controllers: Introduction to PLC, Input output field devices, block diagram of PLC, input output module, power supply, programming unit, processing unit, rack assembly, memory unit, relay ladder logic circuit , addressing modes in PLC, relationship of data file to I/O module.

Fundamentals of PLC programming: PLC program execution, ladder diagram programming language, instructions set of PLC, simple programs using these instructions, jump and loop instruction, shift instruction, troubleshooting PLC.

Assessment:
Internal assessment consists of two tests out of which one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project.
End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination.
Practical and Oral examination:
The distribution of marks shall be as follows:
Performance of Experiments : 15 marks
Oral examination : 10 marks
Term work: Term work should consist of four practical on PLC, four programs / simulation on rest of the syllabus and one test paper.
The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows:
Practical Work (Design, drawing sheets, report on recent trends) :10 marks
Assignments :10 marks
Attendance :05 marks
Text books:
1. Control system engineering by Norman Nise 2nd to latest edition
2. Control Engineering: An Introductory course by Wilkie J., Johnson M., Katebi R., Palgrave MacMillan, Ist to latest edition
3. Industrial Control Electronics: Devices, Systems and Applications by Bartelt, Delmar Thomson Learning, 1st edition
4. Introduction to Programmable Logic Controller by Dunning G, Delmar Thomson Learning , 2nd edition
High Voltage Engineering
Electrostatic Fields, their control and estimation:
Electric field stress, its control and estimation, Analysis of electrical field intensity in Homogenous Isotropic Single dielectric and multi dielectric system, Numerical methods-Finite difference, Finite Element and Charge simulation methods for the estimation of Electric Field Intensity, Surge voltage, their distribution and control

2Conduction and breakdown in air and other gaseous dielectrics in electric fields:
Collision Processes, Ionization processes, Townsend?s current growth equation-Primary and secondary processes, Townsend?s criterion for breakdown in electronegative gases. Limitation of Townsend?s theory, Paschen?s law, Breakdown in non-uniform fields and corona discharges, Post-breakdown phenomenon and application, Practical considerations in using gas for insulation purposes.(Numerical on Townsend?s theory, Paschen?s law)

Breakdown in liquid and solid dielectrics
Liquid Dielectrics, Conduction and breakdown in pure liquids, Conduction and breakdown in commercial liquids.
Solid dielectrics, Intrinsic, Electro-mechanical and Thermal breakdown, Breakdown of solid dielectrics in practice, Breakdown of composite insulation, Properties of composite dielectrics, Solid dielectrics used in practice, Application of insulating materials in electrical power apparatus, electronic equipments.

Generation & Measurement of High voltage and Currents:
Generation of HV DC, HV AC and Impulse voltage, Generation of impulse currents, Tripping and control of impulse generators,
Measurement of HVDC-High ohmic series resistance with micro-ammeter, HVAC and impulse voltage-Resistance and capacitance voltage dividers, Spark gap for measurement of High DC, AC and impulse voltages. Measurement of High DC, AC and impulse currents (Numerical based on impulse generation, high DC voltage generation, optimum number of stages ).

Testing and evaluation of dielectric materials and power apparatus:
Non-destructive testing of dielectric materials, DC resistivity measurement, Dielectric and loss factor measurement, Partial discharge measurement, Testing of insulators, bushing, isolators, circuit breakers, cable, transformers, high voltage motors , surge diverters, Radio interference measurement.

High Voltage laboratory–design, planning and layout:
Size and dimensions of the equipment and their layout, Classification of HV laboratory, Earthing and its importance.

Assessment:
Internal assessment consists of two tests out of which one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project.
End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination.
Term work:
Term work would consists of at least 02 practical/02 simulations/ a report on visit to any HV lab and 06 assignments
The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows:
Laboratory work (experiments) :10 marks
Assignments : 10 marks
Attendance : 05 marks
Text Books:
1. Naidu M. S. and Kamraju V., high voltage engg. TMH publications second ed.,1995
2. Wadhwa C. L. ,High voltage engg ,Wiley Eastern ltd., first ed., 1994
3. Kuffel E. and Abdullah M. „Introduction to High voltage engg, Pergamon, 1970.
4. Kuffel E. „High voltage engg, Pergamon, 1984.
Analysis and Design of Power Switching Converters
Basic DC to DC converters:
Buck Converter, Boost Converter, Buck – Boost , Continuous (CCM) and Discontinuous mode(DCM) of operation, boundary between CCM and DCM, CUK converter, introduction to SEPIC converter, Calculation of output voltage ripple, Numericals

Switching Power Supplies:
Overview of switching power supplies, Isolated dc/dc converters, Transformer core utilization, – Fly back and Forward Converters– duty

cycle derivation, waveforms, Comparison of converters, Numericals
Conrol Aspects:
Voltage mode control- PWM and feed forward control, Current mode control, Slope compensation, comparison of voltage and current mode control, Power supply protection, Electrical isolation in the feedback loop, Designing to meet power supply specifications, PI and Type III controllers Converter Design:
Selection of output filter capacitor, Selection and design of high frequency Inductor and high frequency transformer, Selection of switches, Snubber circuit design, PWM ICs, Design of driver circuits, Necessity of EMI filter, Thermal resistance , Selection of Heat sinks , Simple heat sink calculations

Switched mode inverters:
Review of single phase and three phase bridge inverters, PWM techniques, Detailed analysis of sinusoidal PWM- Effect of ma and mf, Analysis of harmonic spectrum, Space vector modulation- switching sequence, duration of zero and active vectors, Introduction to multilevel inverters

Applications:
DC/DC converter as Power factor Corrector (active shaping of the line current), in Renewable energy systems , Applications of inverters in power systems, renewable energy systems, drives etc.

Assessment:
Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project.
End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination.
Term work: Mini project on “Design, Implementation and Testing of a dc to dc converter for specific application”
The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows:
Laboratory work (experiments) : 10 marks
Assignments : 10 marks
Attendance : 05 marks
Text Books:
1) Mohan N. Undeland . T & Robbins W., “Power Electronics Converters , Application and Design” John Wiley, 3rd edition
2) Umanand L., Bhat S.R., “Design of magnetic components for switched Mode Power converters” , Wiley Eastern Ltd.
3) “Power Electronics: Devices, Circuits and Matlab Simulations” by Alok Jain, Penram International publishing (India Pvt, Ltd)
4) “Power Electronics”, Joseph Vithayathil, Tata McGrawhill
5) “Power Electronics” M.H.Rashid, Prentice-Hall of India
Power System Modelling
Introduction:
Components of power system, Need for power system modeling, dqo transformation, ?-? transformation.

Synchronous machine modeling:
Physical description, Mathematical description of synchronous machine in abc frame of reference, synchronous machine model in dq0 frame of reference (rotating frame) and pu representation.

Excitation system modeling:
Excitation system requirements, Elements of excitation system, Types of excitation system and modeling of excitation systems.

Transmission line and Transformer modeling:
Transmission line, d-q transformation using ?-? variables. Transformer modeling such as auto-transformer, tap-changing & phase-shifting transformer.

SVC and Load modeling:
Static VAR compensators, Basic concept of load modeling, modeling of induction motor.

Modeling of non-electrical component:
Simplified models of non-electrical components like boiler, steam & hydro-turbine & governor system.

Assessment:
Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project.
End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination.
Term work: Term work shall consist of following minimum Eight experiments, Assignments (minimum Two).
The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows:
Practical Work (Design, drawing sheets, report on recent trends) :10 marks
Assignments : 10 marks
Attendance : 05 marks
1. Power System Dynamics & Control – Kundur, IEEE Press , New York
2. Power System Operation & Control – P.S.R. Murthy
3. “Electrical Energy System Theory – an introduction” by Olle Elgerd. TMH Publishing Company 2nd Edition, New Delhi
4. “Power System Analysis” – John J. Granier and W.D. Stevenson Jr, 4th Edition, McGraw Hill International student edition.
5. “Power System Modeling and Fault Analysis” – Nasser Tleis, Elsevier publication.
Digital Signal Controllers and its Application
Introduction
Review of microprocessor, microcontroller and digital signal processors architecture, Fixed and floating-point processors Number formats and operations: Fixed point 16 bit numbers representations of signed integers and fraction, Floating Point Numbers. Review of commonly used DSP processors and their applications, introduction to TMS320C2000 digital signal controller (DSC)

DSC Architecture and Peripherals
Overview of TMS320C2000 Digital signal controller family – Features, Architecture, Interrupt and Reset, Memory map – On-chip memories: Flash, RAM, and Boot ROM, Clock system- Digital I/O -CPU Timers – Analog to Digital Converter (ADC), Pulse Width Modulator (PWM), High Resolution PWM, Capture Module, Quadrature Encoder Pulse (QEP) Module Communication Interface and protocols.

DSC Programming
Code development process, Assembly language programming, Linker, C Compiler, Code Composer Studio (CCS) and online debugging tools

Mathematical tools for Real Time DSC implementation:
Review of numerical integration: Euler?s implicit and explicit method, Heun?s Method, Trapezoidal Method. Implementation of digital filters and transformations

DSC Applications in Power Electronics:
Speed control of Induction motor, BLDC motor, Digital control of DC/DC converter, LED Lighting.
DSP Applications in Power Systems :Implementation of Active filters in DSP under balanced and unbalanced condition, harmonic oscillator and 3? phase lock loop, Static VAR Compensator, Hardware in Loop simulations. Design of a DSP controlled Converter/Inverter system:

Assessment:
Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project.
End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination.
Term work: Term work would consists of minimum 08 practicals / simulations and assignments (minimum two).
The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows:
Laboratory work (experiments) : 10 marks
Assignments : 10 marks
Attendance : 05 marks
Reference Book:
1. Digital Signal Processing in Power Electronics Control Circuits By Krzysztof Sozanski, Springer
2. Digital Signal Processing in Power System Protection and Control By Waldemar Rebizant, Janusz Szafran, and Andrzej Wiszniewski, Springer.
3. Digital Power Electronics and Applications By Fang Lin Luo , Hong Ye and Muhammad Rashid, Elsevier Academic Press.
4. Digital Signal Processing in Power Electronics Control Circuits By Krzysztof Sozanski, Springer
5. Power Electronics, Converters, Applications & Design by N.Mohan, T.M.Undeland, W.P Robbins, Wiley India Pvt. Ltd.
6. Modern Power Electronics and AC Drives by B. K Bose, Pearson Education
7. DSP Based Electromechanical Motion Control by Hamid Toliyat and Steven Campbell, CRC Press
Advanced Lighting Systems
Introduction:
Review of Light, Color and Photometry: Laws of illumination, illumination entities. Radiometric and photometric standards, Photometric measurement procedure- assessment of lamp efficacy, Color temperature, Colorimetry- Measurement of CRI, Glare

Lamps and Luminaries:
Lamp: Review of development, construction and characteristics: Incandescent lamp, Discharge lamps: fluorescent lamps, CFL, mercury vapor, sodium vapor, metal halide, induction lamp, and LED lamp. Luminaire: optical control, Control gear: ballast, standard and electronic, Luminaries photometry, Luminaire testing procedures.Interior Lighting Design & Calculation:
Objectives, quality and quantity of lighting. Lamp /Luminaire selection and placement, design considerations and calculation. Glare Consideration and control. Indoor lighting design by lumen method, by point by point method. Applications: residential, educational institute, industries, sports centers, commercial premises: retail stores, offices etc. Applicable standards.

Exterior Lighting Design & Calculation:
Exterior lighting system- Road lighting system, Utility area lighting, Sports lighting, Decorative flood lighting. Applicable standards.

Lightng Control:
Introduction to Lighting Control, Controls, Selection of Lighting Controls, Design of Lighting Control Scheme, Lighting and LEED, Lighting Controls and the ASHRAE/IES 90.1-1999, Personal Lighting Control, Day-lighting control, Lighting control for Fluorescent Lamps and Electronic Ballasts in Frequently Switched Applications, Linear Fluorescent Dimming Ballasts, Dimming of High-Intensity Discharge Lamps, Controlling LED Lighting Systems, Smart Lighting Fixtures Digital Lighting Networks, DMX control, BACnet: Building Automation Standard Protocol,:

Solid-State Lighting:
LED as a light source, color quality of Light, efficacy evaluation, thermal Management, drivers for LED lamps, Lighting Control, Protocol, standards and regulations, LED luminaries, Indoor Lighting Applications, Street & Roadway Lighting, Outdoor Utility Area, and Solar Powered LED Lighting.

Assessment:
Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project.
End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination.
Term Work:
1. Four lab experiments based on study of lamps and luminaries operation and construction parameters measurements
2. Group study report on observation and analysis of existing lighting installation (at least 4) at following areas: commercial/ non commercial, industries/offices, indoor/outdoor, sports center etc.
3. Minimum two designs on interior and exterior lighting based on specific applications. Design calculation and computer aided design
Term work shall consist of lab experiments / group study and CAD design as described above.
The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows:
Laboratory work (Experiments, Group studies and Journal) : 10 marks.
Group Case Studies : 10 marks.
Attendance (Practical and Theory) : 5 marks.
Text Books:
1. “Designing with light: Lighting Handbook”, by Anil Valia, International Lighting Academy 2002
2. “Lamps and Lighting”, by M.A. Cayless and A.M. Marsden; Edward Arnold
3. “Interior Lighting for Designers”, by Gary Gorden, John Wiley & Sons Inc.
4. “Advanced Lighting Controls: Energy Savings, Productivity, Technology and Applications”, by Craig DiLouie, The Fairmount Press, 2006
5. “Automated Lighting”, by Richard Cadena, Second Edition, Focal Press, 2010
6. “Solid State Lighting Reliability: Components to Systems”, by W.D. van Driel l X.J. Fan, Springer, 2013
7. “LED Lighting Systems: All you need to know”, by Anil Valia, International Lighting Academy, 2012
8. “LEDs for Lighting Applications”, by Patrick Mottier, ISTE Ltd and John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2009
9. “LED Lighting”, by Sal Cangeloso, Published by O?Reilly Media, Inc., 2012
Renewable Energy and Energy Storage Systems
Introduction:
Review of worlds production and reserves of commercial energy sources, India?s Production and reserves, energy alternatives, Review of conventional and non conventional energy sources. Distributed generation, Future trends in power generation and distribution.

Solar Energy:
Review of solar thermal applications-solar thermal conversion devices and storage applications.
Review of solar photovoltaic (PV) cells, principle of power generation using solar PV; Solar PV cell model, emerging solar cell technologies; Solar PV modules from solar cells, Mismatch in module , hot spots in the module , Bypass diode, Design and structure of PV modules , PV module power output , I-V and power curve of module;

BOS of PV system, battery charge controllers, MPPT, and different algorithms for MPPT, distributed MPPT, Types of PV systems; Design methodology of standalone PV system. Solar PV Micro-inverters. Power quality and protection issues, review of regulatory standards.

Wind Energy:
Review of wind energy system and its components, types of wind turbines, characteristics; Power generation and control in wind energy systems, performance calculations of wind energy systems. Topologies of WES, WES with rectifier / inverter system, Power Converters for Doubly Fed Induction Generators (DFIG) in Wind Turbines.Fuel Cell:
Review of fuel cells and their principle of operation, Review of types of fuel cell and their performance comparison. Topologies of fuel cell power systems, applications.

Other Sources:
Review of other nonconventional sources, their features and applications; Biomass, Tidal, Ocean Thermal Electric Conversion, geothermal, and Micro-hydro.

Energy Storage
Forms of energy storage, importance of storage system in new power generation scenario; Types, characteristics and performance evaluation of: batteries, ultra-capacitors, flywheels, SME, pumped hydro storage system; Applications of Energy storage in distributed generation, smart grid systems, Electric and Hybrid electric vehicles. Hybrid power system based on renewable energy and energy storage.

Assessment:
Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project.
End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination.
Term work: Term work would consists of minimum 08 practicals / simulations and assignments ( minimum two).
The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows:
Laboratory work (experiments) : 10 marks
Assignments : 10 marks
Attendance : 05 marks
Reference Book:
1. Chetan Singh Solanki , Solar Photo Voltaics , PHI Learning Pvt Ltd., New Delhi,2009
2. Hashem Nehrir and Caisheng Wang, Modeling and control of fuel cells: Distributed Generation Applications, IEEE Press, 2009
3. J.F. Manwell and J.G. McGowan, Wind Energy Explained, theory design and applications, Wiley publication
4. D. D. Hall and R. P. Grover, Biomass Regenerable Energy, John Wiley, New York, 1987.
5. Felix A. Farret and M. Godoy Simoes, Integration of Alternative Sources of Energy, 2006, John Wiley and Sons.
6. M. Ehsani, Y. Gao, and Ali Emadi, Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Fundamentals, Theory and Design, Second Edition, CRC Press.
7. S. Chakraborty, M. G. Simões and W. E. Kramer, Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy System, Springer 2013
8. Ahmed Faheem Zobaa, Energy storage – Technologies and Applications, InTech Publication 2013.
9. N. Femia • G. Petrone, G. Spagnuolo and M. Vitelli, Power Electronics and Control Techniques for Maximum Energy Harvesting in Photovoltaic Systems, CRC Press, 2013
 

 

Optimization Techniques and its Applications
Introduction:
Optimization Techniques, Conventional Techniques, Evolutionary Techniques.

Linear Programming: Simplex method, Revised simplex method, Duality in linear programming

Non-linear Programming: Quadratic Programming with Kuhn-Tucker conditions and Wolfe?s Modified simplex method , Geometric programming

Dynamic Programming (DP):
Multistage decision processes, concept of sub-optimization and principle of optimality, conversion of final value problem into an initial value problem. Integer Programming: Gomory’s cutting plane method, Branch and bound algorithm.

Genetic Algorithm:
Definition and concept used in GA, coding of variables, fitness function.General algorithm of GA, Unconstrained and constrained optimization using Genetic Algorithm, global optimization using GA.
Particle swarm Optimization Algorithm: Basic fundamentals, general PSO Algorithm.

Applications to power system:
Economic Load Dispatch and Unit commitment problem using dynamic Programming, GA and Particle swam optimization techniques

Assessment:
Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course project.
End Semester Examination: Some guidelines for setting the question papers are as, six questions to be set each of 20 marks, out of these any four questions to be attempted by students. Minimum 80% syllabus should be covered in question papers of end semester examination.
Term work: Term work consists of minimum five computer programs/simulations covering 80% of syllabus.
The distribution of marks for the term work shall be as follows:
Laboratory work (experiments) : 10 marks
Assignments : 10 marks
Attendance : 05 marks
Text Books:
1. Modern Optimization Techniques with Applications in Electric Power Systems. By Soliman Abdel-Hady Soliman, Abdel-Aal Hassan Mantawy, Springer LLC 2012
2. Operations Research Theory and applications, J.K.Sharma, Macmilan, third edition.
3. Engineering Optimization Theory and Practice, S. S. Rao, New Age International Publishers.
4. J.C. Pant: Introduction to Optimization, Jain Brothers, 2004
5. Optimization of Power System Operation, By Jizhong Zhu, August 2009, Wiley-IEEE Pres
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