Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering Semester 8 Syllabus


Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering Semester 8 Syllabus

Wireless Networks
Overview of Cellular Systems
Mobile telephony, introduction to GSM.
Universal mobile telecommunication system
Introduction to HSPA, Advanced Antenna Systems for HSPA + and LTE
Planning and Design of Wide-Area Wireless Networks
Basics of indoor RF planning
Three phases of wireless network design
Indoor coverage from the macro layer
Link budgets for GSM, CDMA, CDMA2000, HSDPA systems, indoor UMTS/HSPA challenge, common UMTS rollout mistake
Emerging Wireless Technologies
Bluetooth: concepts of Pico net , scatter net etc., protocol stack, link types, security, network connection establishments, usage models, etc.
ZigBee: components, architecture, network topologies, protocol stack etc.

UWB and RFID: technical requirements, components and characteristics, applications

WiMAX: 802.16 based protocol architecture, physical layer, fixed and mobile WiMAX
Overview of Wireless Sensor Network
Background of sensor network technology, sensor network architectural elements, historical survey of sensor networks
Applications of wireless sensor network, range of applications, examples of category 1 and 2 WSN Applications
Technologies for wireless sensor network, sensor node technology, hardware and software, sensor taxonomy
Wireless network, operating environment, wireless network trends, transmission technology
Medium access control protocols, routing protocols, transport control protocols
Middleware for Sensor Networks & Network Management
Middleware principles

Middleware architecture, existing middleware
6.3
Network management, requirements
Network management models, design issues

Recommended Books:
1. Indoor Radio Planning: A Practical Guide for GSM, DCS, UMTS, HSPA and LTE, 2nd Edition Morten Tolstrup ISBN: 978-0-470-71070-8 480 – July 2011 -Wiley
2. Vijay K. Garg, ?Wireless Communication and Networking?, Morgan -Kaufmann Series in Networking—Elsevier
3. Kazem Sohraby, Daniel Minoli, and Taieb Znati, ?Wireless Sensor Networks: Technology, Protocols, and Applications?, Wiley Student Edition
4. Feng Zhao and Leonidas Guibas, ?Wireless Sensor Networks, An Information Processin Approach?,–Morgan Kaufmann
5. Holger and Andreas Willig, ?Protocols and Architectures for WSN?, Wiley student edition
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules
 
Satellite Communication and Network
Overview of Satellite Systems, Orbits and Launching
Frequency allocation for satellite services, system design consideration, satellite services- VSAT, global positioning satellite system, maritime satellite services, gateways
Polar orbiting satellites, Kepler’s First, second and third law, orbital elements, apogee, perigee heights, orbital perturbations, effects of a non-spherical earth, atmospheric drag
1.3
Sub-satellite Point, predicting satellite position, antenna look angels, polar mount antenna, limits of visibility, near geostationary orbits, earth eclipse of satellite, sun transit outage
1.4
Selection of launching site, launch window, zero and non-zero degree latitude launching, sea launch, launch vehicles; satellite launch vehicle (SLV), augmented satellite launch vehicle (ASLV), polar SLV, geostationary satellite launch vehicle (GSLV)
Space Segment
Attitude control, spinning satellite stabilization, momentum wheel stabilization, station keeping, thermal control, TT and C subsystem, transponders, wideband receiver, input de-multiplexer, power amplifier, antenna subsystem
2.2
Equipment reliability and space qualification
Satellite Links
Isotropic radiated power, transmission losses, free-space transmission, feeder losses, antenna misalignment losses, fixed atmospheric and ionospheric losses, link power budget
System noise, antenna noise, amplifier noise temperature, amplifiers in cascade, noise factor, noise temperature of absorptive networks, overall system noise temperature, carrier to noise ratio
3.3
Uplink: Saturation flux density, input back off, earth station HPA,
Downlink: Output back off, satellite TWTA output
3.4
Effects of rain, uplink rain-fade margin, downlink rain-fade margin, combined uplink and downlink C/N ratio, inter-modulation noise
Earth Station.
Design considerations, receive-only home TV systems, outdoor–indoor unit for analog (FM) TV, master antenna TV system, transmit-receive earth stations
Community antenna TV systems
The Space Segment Access and Utilization.
Space segment access methods, pre-assigned FDMA, demand assigned FDMA, SPADE system, bandwidth-limited and power-limited TWT amplifier operation
TDMA: Reference Burst; Preamble and Postamble, carrier recovery, network synchronization, unique word detection, traffic date, frame efficiency, channel capacity, preassigned TDMA, demand assigned TDMA, satellite switched TDMA
Code Division Multiple Access: Direct-sequence spread spectrum–acquisition and trackling, spectrum spreading and dispreading – CDMA throughput
Satellite Networking
Satellite Network: net work reference models and protocols, layering principle, open system interconnection (OSI), reference model, IP reference model, reference architecture for satellite networks, basic characteristics of satellite networks, onboard connectivity with transparent processing, analogue transparent switching, Frame organization, Window organization, On board connectivity with beam scanning
Laser Satellite Communication: Link analysis, optical satellite link transmitter, optical satellite link receiver, satellite beam acquisition, tracking & positioning, deep space optical communication link
Recommended Books:
1. Dennis Roddy, “Satellite Communications”, 3rd Ed., Mc. Graw-Hill International Ed. 2001.
2. Wilbur L. Pritchard, Henri G. Suyderehoud, and Robert A. Nelson, “Satellite Communication systems Engineering”, Pearson Publication
3. Gerard Maral and Michel Bousquet, “Satellite Communication Systems”, 4th Edition Wiley Publication
4. Timothy Pratt, Charles Bostian, and Jeremy Allmuti, “Satellite Communications”, John Willy & Sons (Asia) Pvt. Ltd. 2004
5. M. Richharia, ?Satellite Communication Systems Design Principles?, Macmillan Press Ltd. Second Edition 2003.
6. Gerard Maral, ?VSAT Networks?, John Willy & Sons
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining question will be selected from all the module
 
Internet and Voice Communication
Review of TCP /IP: 06 1.1 TCP /IP networking model, layer functions. 1.2 TCP/IP protocols, services, sockets and ports, encapsulations, difference between ISO and Internet layering. 2 Application Layer: 08 2.1 Host configuration, DHCP 2.2 Domain Name System (DNS), remote Login, TELNET and SSH 2.3 FTP and TFTP, World Wide Web, HTTP, electronic mail, SMTP, POP, IMAP, and MIME 3 Transport Layer: 12 3.1 User datagram protocol(UDP) header fields and their functions, pseudo header 3.2 Transmission control protocol (TCP), need for stream delivery, properties of reliable stream delivery, TCP header fields, ports, connections, end points, passive and active open, segment, stream and sequence numbers, variable window size and flow control. 3.3 Out of band data, checksum, acknowledgement and retransmission, round trip samples 3.4 Karn’s algorithm, timer back off, response to delay variation and congestion, TCP state machine, connection establishment 4 Internetworking layer: 08 4.1 Internet protocol (IP) datagram, header fields and their functions 4.2 Internet control message protocol, IP address classes, broadcast, multicast and special addresses, network space and host space, subnets and supernets 4.3 Private IP addresses, classless inter domain routing (CIDR), CIDR subnet addressing, variable length in CIDR subnet addressing 5. Voice Communication 04 5.1 Digitizing audio and video, audio compression, video compression 6. Real-Time Interactive Audio and Video 16 6.1 Characteristics, RTP, RTP packet format 6.2 UDP port, RTCP, sender report, receiver report, source description message, bye message, application-specific message, UDP port 6.3 SIP,H.323 6.4 Flow characteristics, flow classes, techniques to improve QOS, resource reservation, admission control
Recommended Books:
1. B. Forouzan, ?TCP/IP Protocol Suite?, 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill Publication
2. Leon Garcia, ?Communication Networks?, 2nd Edition McGraw-Hill Publication
3. Kurose and Ross, ?Computer Networking?, 5th Edition Pearson Publication
4. Ted Wallingford, ?Switching to VoIP?, Oreilly Publication
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining question will be selected from all the modules.
Speech Processing
Speech Production, Acoustic Phonetics and Auditory Perception
Anatomy and physiology of speech organs, articulatory phonetics, acoustic phonetics, acoustic theory of speech production, discrete time model for speech production
Ear physiology and psychoacoustics
Speech Analysis in Time Domain
Time energy, average magnitude, and zero-crossing rate, speech vs silence discrimination
Short-time autocorrelation, pitch period estimation using short-time autocorrelation, median smoothing
Speech Analysis in Frequency Domain:
Time dependent Fourier representation for voiced and unvoiced speech signals, linear filtering interpretation, spectrographic displays
3.2
Pitch period estimation based on FFT and harmonic peak detection method, estimation of formants using log spectrum
Homomorphic Speech Processing
Cepstral analysis of speech, mel frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC), perceptual linear prediction (PLP)
Pitch period estimation in cepstral domain, evaluation of formants using cepstrum
LPC and Parametric Speech Coding
Review of lattice structure realization, forward and backward error filters, normal equations & its solutions, levinson-durbin algorithm, covariance method, Berg’s algorithm
Channel Vocoders, linear prediction (LP) based vocoders, residual excited LP (RELP) based Vocoders, voice Excited LP (VELP) based vocoders, multi-pulse LP (MPLP) based vocoders, code excited LP (CELP) based vocoders
Speech Processing Applications
Speech recognition systems, deterministic sequence recognition for ASR, statistical sequence recognition for ASR (Hidden Markov Model (HMM))
Text to speech system (TTS), concatenative synthesis, synthesis using formants, LPC synthesizer
Recommended Books:
1. Rabiner and Schafer, ?Digital Processing of Speech Signals?, Pearson Education, Delhi, 2004.
2. Shaila D. Apte, ?Speech and Audio Processing?, Wiley India, New Delhi, 2012.
3. Douglas O’Shaughnessy, ?Speech Communications: Human & Machine?, Universities Press, Hyderabad, Second Edition, 2001.
4. Ben Gold and Nelson Morgan, ?Speech and Audio Signal Processing?, Wiley India (P) Ltd, New Delhi, 2006.
5. Thomas F. Quatieri, ?Discrete-Time Speech Signal Processing: Principles and Practice?, Prentice Hall, 2001.
6. J. L. Flanagan, ?Speech Analysis Synthesis and Perception?, Second edition, Springer-Verlag (1972).
Internal Assessment (IA):
Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks
End Semester Examination:
1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks.
2. Total 4 questions need to be solved.
3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2
to 5 marks will be asked.
4. Remaining question will be selected from all the modules.
 
Telecom Network Management
Case histories on network, system and service management, challenges of IT managers
Network Management: Goals, organization and functions
Network management architecture and organization network management perspectives
OSI Network Management
Network management standards
Network management models
Organization model
Information model
Communication model and functional model
Abstract syntax notation – encoding structure, macros functional model CMIP/CMISE
Internet Management (SNMP)
SNMP-organizational model-
System overview.
Information model, communication model, functional model
SNMP proxy server, Management information, Protocol
Remote monitoring. RMON
Broadband Network Management
Broadband networks and services, ATM Technology – VP, VC, ATM Packet, Integrated service, ATM LAN emulation, Virtual LAN
ATM Network Management – ATM network reference model, integrated local management interface. ATM management information base, role of SNMP and ILMI in ATM management.
M1, M2, M3, M4 interface. ATM digital exchange interface management
Network Management Applications
Configuration management.
Fault management
Performance management
Event correlation techniques
Security management
Accounting management, report management, policy based management services
5.7
Level management
Telecommunication Management Networks(TMN)Need for TMN
Conceptual model
TMN standards
6.4
TMN management services architecture and TMN implementation
Recommended Books:
1. Mani Subramaniam, ?Network Management Principles and Practise”, Addison Wisely, New York, 2000.
2. Lakshmi G. Raman, ? Fundamental of Telecommunications Network Management” Eastern Economy Edition, IEEE Press New Delhi.
3. Salh Aiidarons, Thomas Plevoyak ?Telecommunications Network Technologies and implementations” Eastern Economy Edition, IEEE press New Delhi-1998.
Internal Assessment (IA):
Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks
End Semester Examination:
1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks.
2. Total 4 questions need to be solved.
3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2
to 5 marks will be asked.
4. Remaining question will be selected from all the modules.
 
Microwave Integrated Circuit
Hybrid MICs And Monolithic MICs
Definition, characteristics, comparison with conventional circuits, field of application and limitations and criteria for the choice of substrate material in HMICS and MMICS.
Thin film hybrid circuits, thick film hybrid circuits, art work, masking, photolithography, resistor stabilization, sawing, brazing process, wire bonding.
Monolithic MICs: Doping by ion implantation, Ohmic contacts, metal resistive layers, gate metal, dielectric and air-bridge vias, wafer process steps.
Micro Strip Lines
Planar wave guides, non-tem propagation, line impedance definitions, quasi-static approximations, quasi-static line parameters.
Micro strip open circuits and gaps, micro strip corners, step change in width.
Dispersion analysis, micro strip characteristic impedance, symmetric t junction, green’s functions, millimeter wave modeling of micro strip lines.
Coupled Line Propagation
Coupled line propagation: wave equations for coupled lines, propagation models, coupled line parameters, coupled line parameter variations with frequency, directional couplings, lange coupler, coupled line pair operated as a four port.
Coplanar wave guides: design considerations and coplanar line circuits.
Microwave Amplifier Design
Introduction, derivation of transducer power gain, stability, power gains, voltage gains, and current gains, single-stage transistor amplifier design.
Power amplifier design: device modeling and characteristics, optimum loading.
4.3
Single-stage power amplifier design and multi-stage design.
4.4
Power distributed amplifiers. class of operation, power amplifier stability, amplifier linearization methods.
Microwave Oscillator Design

Introduction, compressed smith chart, series of parallel resonance, resonators, two-port oscillator design, negative resistance from transistor model, oscillator q and output power.
Noise in oscillators: linear approach, analytical approach to optimum oscillator design using s parameters, nonlinear active models for oscillators.
5.3
Microwave oscillator performance, design of an oscillator using large single y parameters, example for large single design based on bessel functions, design examples for best phase noise and good output power.
Microwave Mixer Design

Introduction, diode mixer theory, single-diode, single-balanced and double-balanced mixers.

FET mixer theory, balanced FET mixers, special mixer circuits, mixer noise.

Recommended Books:
1. D. H. Schrader, ?Microstrip Circuit Analysis?, Prentice Hall PTR, New Jersey.
2. D. M. Pozar, ?Microwave Engineering?, John Wiley & Sons Publication, 2013.
3. K. C. Gupta, R. Garg, and I. J. Bahl, ?Microstrip Lines and Slot Lines?, Artech House.
4. M. M. Radmanesh, ?Radio Frequency and Microwave Electronics?, Pearson Education, 2006.
5. D. Vendelin, A. M. Pavio, and U. L. Rohde, ?Microwave Circuit Design?, John Wiley & Sons Publication.
6. Sweet, ?MIC and MMIC Amplifier and Oscillator Design?, 1990 Edition, Artech House.
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining question will be selected from all the modules.
Ultra Wide Band Communication
Introduction
UWB BASICS.
Regulatory bodies
UWB signals and systems with UWB waveforms
Power spectral density, Pulse shape, Pulse trains, Spectral masks
Multipath, penetration characteristics, spatial and spectral capacities – speed of data transmission
Gaussian waveforms, Designing waveforms for specific spectral masks.
Practical constraints and effects of imperfections.

Signal Processing Techniques For UWB Systems And UWB Channel Modeling
Effects of lossy medium on UWB transmitted signal
Time domain analysis, frequency domain analysis
Detection and Amplification,
Two ray UWB propagation model,
Frequency domain auto regressive model, IEEE proposals for UWB channel models
UWB Communications
UWB modulation methods, pulse trains
UWB transmitter/receiver
Multiple access techniques in UWB, capacity of UWB systems
Advanced UWB Pulse Generation

Comparison of UWB with other wideband communication systems
Interference and coexistence of UWB with other systems
Hermite pulses: orthogonal prolate spheroidal wave functions
Wavelet packets in UWB PSM
Applications of UWB communication systems

UWB Antennas and Arrays, Position and Location with UWB Signals
Antenna fundamentals: Antenna radiation for UWB signals
Conventional antennas and Impulse antennas for UWB systems
Beam forming for UWB signals: radar UWB array systems
Wireless positioning and location: GPS techniques, Positioning techniques
time resolution issues, UWB positioning and communications 6 UWB Communication Standards and Systems 12 6.1 UWB standardization in wireless personal area networks 6.2 DS-UWB proposal, MB-OFDM UWB proposal: IEEE proposals for UWB channel models 6.3 UWB ad-hoc and sensor networks 6.4 MIMO and Space-time coding for UWB systems 6.5 Self-interference in high data-rate UWB communications, coexistence of DS-UWB with WIMAX

Recommended Books:
1. M. Ghavami, L. B. Michael and R. Kohno, ?Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems In Communication Engineering?, 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, NY, USA, 2007.
2. Jeffrey H. Reed, ?An Introduction To Ultra Wideband Communication Systems?, Prentice Hall Inc., NJ, USA, 2005.
3. Ian Oppermann, Matti Hamalainen and Jari Iinatti ?UWB Theory and Applications?, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2004
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining question will be selected from all the modules.
 
 
 
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