Electronics Engineering Semester 8 syllabus


Electronics Engineering Semester 8 syllabus

CMOS VLSI Design
CMOS analog building blocks

1.1
MOS Models: Necessity of CMOS analog design, Review of characteristics of MOS device, MOS small signal model, MOS spice models
1.2
Passive and Active Current Mirrors: Basic current mirrors, Cascode current mirrors and Active current mirrors
1.3
Band Gap References: General Considerations, Supply-independent biasing, Temperature independent references, PTAT current generation and Constant Gm biasing
2.0
Single Stage Amplifiers

2.1
Configurations: Basic concepts, Common source stage, Source follower, Common gate stage, Cascode stage
2.2
Frequency Response and Noise: General considerations, Common-source stage, Source followers, Common-gate stage, Cascode stage and Noise in single stage amplifiers
3.0
Differential Amplifiers
10
3.1
Configurations: Single ended and differential operation, Basic differential pair, Common-mode response, Differential pair with MOS loads, Gilbert cell
3.2
Frequency response and noise in differential pair
4.0
MOS Operational Amplifiers
10
4.1
Op-amp Design: General Considerations, performance parameters, One-stage op-amps, Two-stage op-amps, Gain Boosting, Common-mode feedback, Input range limitations, Slew Rate, Power supply rejection, Noise in op-amps
4.2
Stability and Frequency Compensation: General Considerations, Multipole systems, Phase margin, Frequency compensation, compensation of two stage op-amps
5.0
Mixed Signal Circuits
5.1
Switch Capacitor Circuits: MOSFETs as switches, Speed considerations, Precision Considerations, Charge injection cancellation, Unity gain buffer, Non-inverting amplifier and integrator
5.2
Oscillators: General considerations, Ring oscillators, LC oscillators, VCO
5.3
Phase-Locked Loop: Simple PLL, Charge pump PLL, Nonideal effects in PLL, Delay locked loops and applications of PLL in integrated circuits
6.0
Analog Layout and other concepts
6.1
Analog Layout Techniques: Antenna effect, Resistor matching, capacitor matching, current mirror matching, floorplanning, shielding and guard rings
6.2
AMS design flow, ASIC, Full custom design, Semi custom design, System on Chip, System in package, Hardware software co-design

Recommended Books:
BE Electronics Engineering (R-2012) Page 40
1. B Razavi, “Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1st Edition.
2. R. Jacaob Baker, Harry W. Li, David E. Boyce, “CMOS Circuit Design, Layout,and Stimulation”, Wiley, Student Edition
3. P. E. Allen and D. R. Holberg, “CMOS Analog Circuit Design”, Oxford University Press, 3rd Edition.
4. Gray, Meyer, Lewis, Hurst, “Analysis and design of Analog Integrated Circuits”, Willey, 5th Edition
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules
 
Advanced Networking Technologies
Emerging Wireless Technologies 10 1.1 Wireless Personal Area Network – Bluetooth Bluetooth (IEEE 802.15.1),Definitions of the Terms Used in Bluetooth, Bluetooth Protocol Stack, Bluetooth Link Types, Bluetooth Security, Network Connection Establishment in Bluetooth, Network Topology in Bluetooth, Bluetooth Usage Models 1.2 Bluetooth Applications, WAP and Bluetooth Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPAN):Low Rate (LR) and High Rate (HR)Wireless Sensor Network, Usage of Wireless Sensor Networks, Wireless Sensor Network 1.3 Model, Sensor Network Protocol Stack, ZigBee Technology, IEEE 802.15.4 LR-WPAN Device Architecture, IEEE 802.15.3a Ultra WideBand, Radio Frequency Identification.

Optical Networking

2.1
ONET/SDH Standards, devices, DWDM, frame format, DWDM, Performance and design considerations.

WAN Technologies
12
3.1
Frame: FR concept, FR specifications, FR design and VoFR and Performance and design considerations
3.2
ATM: The WAN Protocol: Faces of ATM, ATM Protocol operations. (ATM cell and Transmission) ATM Networking basics, Theory of Operations, B-ISDN reference model, PHY layer, ATM Layer (Protocol model), ATM layer and cell
3.3
Traffic Descriptor and parameters, Traffic Congestion control defined, AAL Protocol model, Traffic contract and QoS, User Plane overview, Control Plane AAL, Management Plane, Sub S3 ATM,ATM public services
Network Design
4.1
Network layer design, access layer design, access network capacity, network topology and Hardware and completing the access network design.
Network Security
5.1
Security threats, safeguards and design for network security
5.2
Enterprise Network Security: DMZ, NAT, SNAT, DNAT, Port Forwarding, Proxy, Transparent Proxy, Packet Filtering and Layer 7 Filtering
Network Management and Control
6.1
Network management definitions, functional areas (FCAPS), SNMP, RMON,
Designing a network management solutions, Monitoring and control of network activity and network project management

Recommended Books:
BE Electronics Engineering (R-2012) Page 43
1. Data Network Design by Darren Spohn, 3e McGraw Hill publications
2. Data Communication and Network Security by Carr and Snyder, McGraw Hill Publications.
3. Communication Networks by Leon-Garcia and Indra Widjaja, 2e, Tata McGraw-Hill Publications.
4. Information Security by Mark Stamp and Deven Shah by Wiley Publications.
5. Behrouz A Forouzan, Data communications and Networking 4th Edition,
6. McGraw-Hill Publication.
7. William Stallings, Data Computer Communications, Pearson Education
8. Wireless communication and Networking-Vijay Garg, ELSEVIER Inc
9. Eldad Perahita ,Next Generation wireless LANS, Cambridge Publication
10. Computer Networking by J. F. Kurose and K. W. Ross, Pearson Education
11. Local Area Networks by Gerd Keiser, McGraw-Hill Publication.
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules
 
MEMS Technology
Introduction to MEMS

1.1
Introduction to MEMS & Real world Sensor/Actuator examples (DMD, Air-bag, pressure sensors). MEMS Sensors in Internet of Things (IoT), BioMedical Applications

MEMS Materials and Their Properties

2.1
Materials (eg. Si, SiO2, SiN, Cr, Au, Ti, SU8, PMMA, Pt); Important properties: Young modulus, Poisson’s ratio, density, piezoresistive coefficients, TCR, Thermal Conductivity, Material Structure. Understanding Selection of materials based on applications.
MEMS Fab Processes – 1
3.1
Understanding MEMS Processes & Process parameters for: Cleaning, Growth & Deposition, Ion Implantation & Diffusion, Annealing, Lithography. Understanding selection of Fab processes based on Applications
MEMS Fab Processes – 2
4.1
Understanding MEMS Processes & Process parameters for: Wet & Dry etching, Bulk & Surface Micromachining, Die, Wire & Wafer Bonding, Dicing, Packaging. Understanding selection of Fab processes based on Applications
MEMS Devices
5.1
Architecture, working and basic quantitative behaviour of Cantilevers, Microheaters, Accelerometers, Pressure Sensors, Micromirrors in DMD, Inkjet printer-head. Understanding steps involved in Fabricating above devices
MEMS Device Characterization
6.1
Piezoresistance, TCR, Stiffness, Adhesion, Vibration, Resonant frequency, & importance of these measurements in studying device behavior, MEMS Reliability Total

Recommended Books:
1. An Introduction to Microelectromechanical Systems Engineering; 2nd Ed – by N. Maluf, K Williams; Publisher: Artech House Inc
2. Practical MEMS – by Ville Kaajakari; Publisher: Small Gear Publishing
3. Microsystem Design – by S. Senturia; Publisher: Springer
4. Analysis and Design Principles of MEMS Devices – Minhang Bao; Publisher: Elsevier Science
5. Fundamentals of Microfabrication – by M. Madou; Publisher: CRC Press; 2 edition
6. Micro Electro Mechanical System Design – by J. Allen; Publisher: CRC Press
7. Micromachined Transducers Sourcebook – by G. Kovacs; Publisher: McGraw-Hill
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules
Robotics
 
Recommended Books:
1. Robert Shilling, Fundamentals of Robotics – Analysis and control, Prentice Hall of India
2. Saeed Benjamin Niku, “Introduction to Robotics – Analysis, Control, Applications”, Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., Second Edition, 2011
3. Howie Choset, Kevin M. Lynch, Seth Hutchinson, George Kantor, Wolfram Burgard, Lydia E. Kavraki and Sebastian Thrun, “Principles of Robot Motion – Theory, Algorithms and Implementations”, Prentice-Hall of India, 2005.
4. Mark W. Spong , Seth Hutchinson, M. Vidyasagar, “Robot Modeling & Control ”, Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., 2006
5. John J. Craig, “Introduction to Robotics – Mechanics & Control”, Third Edition, Pearson Education, India, 2009
6. Aaron Martinez & Enrique Fernandez, “Learning ROS for Robotics Programming”, Shroff Publishers, First Edition, 2013.
7. Mikell P. Groover et.al, ”Industrial Robots-Technology, Programming & applications” ,McGraw Hill , New York, 2008
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules
 
Mobile Communication
Cellular Communication System
1.1
Introduction to Cellular Communications, Frequency reuse, Multiple Access Technologies
1.2
Cellular Processes: Channel assignment, Call Setup, Handoff strategies, interferences and system capacity
1.3
Traffic Theory: Trunking and grade of service, improving system capacity
GSM

2.1
GSM Network architecture, signaling protocol architecture, identifiers, channels, Frame structure, speech coding, authentication and security, call procedure, handoff procedure, services and features
CDMA digital cellular standard (1S-95).
3.1
Frequency and channel specifications of IS-95, forward and reverse CDMA channel, packet and frame formats, mobility and radio resource management
3 G Mobile Communication System
4.1
2.5 G TDMA Evolution Path, GPRS, EDGE , 2.5G CDMA one cellular N/W, Need of 3G Cellular N/w, IMT 2000 Global Standard, UMTS Technology,
W-CDMA Air interface, TD-SCDMA Technology, CDMA 2000 Cellular Technology
4G Wireless Standards
5.1
Need for 4G network, difference between 3G and 4G, LTE, WiMAX
Emerging Technologies
6.1
Mobile Adhoc Network, Mobile IP and Mobility Management, Mobile TCP, Wireless Sensor Networks, RFID Technology

Recommended Books:
1. Wireless Communications – Theodore S. Rappaport, Prentice Hall of India, PTR publication
2. Mobile & Personal Communication system & Services by Raj Pandya , Prentice –Hall of India (PHI) Private Limited
3. Principles of Wireless Networks-KavehPahlavan, Prashant Krishnamurthy, PHI
4. Wireless communication and Networking-Vijay Garg, ELSEVIER Inc
5. Wireless communication- Singhal_TMH
6. Fundamentals of Wireless Communications, “David Tse and Pramod Viswanath, Publisher, Cambridge University Press.
7. Wireless Communications: Andrea Goldsmith, Cambridge University Press.
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules
 
Digital Control System
Introduction 1.1 Why digital control system? Advantages and limitations, comparison of continuous and discrete data control, block diagram of digital control system 12 1.2 Data conversion and quantization, sampling and reconstruction of analog signal, zero and first order hold 1.3 Impulse invariance, bilinear transformation, finite difference approximation of derivatives 2.0 Modeling of Digital Control System 04 2.1 Linear difference equation, pulse transfer function, input output model 2.2 Examples of first order continuous and discrete time systems 2.3 Signal flow graph applied to digital control system 3.0 Time Domain Analysis and Stability of Digital Control System 08 3.1 Mapping between s plane and Z plane, Jury’s method, R. H. criteria 3.2 Comparison of time response of continuous and digital control system 3.3 Steady state analysis of digital control system, effect of sampling on transient response 4.0 State Space Analysis 08 4.1 Discrete time state equation in standard canonical form, similarity transformation 4.2 State transition matrix, solution of discrete time state equation 4.3 Discretization of continuous state space model and its solution. 5.0 Pole Placement and Observer Design 10 5.1 Concept of reachability, controllability, constructability and observability 5.2 Design of controller using pole placement method, dead beat controller design 5.3 Concept of duality, state observer design, concept of multi rate output feedback based state estimation 6.0 Transfer Function Approach to Controller Design 10 6.1 Control structures, internal stability, 6.2 Internal model principle and system type, well behaved signals 6.3 Discretization of PID controllers, pole placement controllers with performance specifications
Recommended Books:
1. M. Gopal, “Digital Control and State Variable Methods”, McGraw Hill companies, 3rd edition, 2009.
2. K. Ogata, “Discrete-Time Control Systems”, PHI, 2nd edition, 2009.
3. B. C. Kuo, “Digital Control Systems”, Oxford University press, 2nd edition, 2007.
4. K. M. Moudgalya, “Digital Control”, Wiley India, 2012.
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules
 
Biomedical Electronics
Bio-Potential and Measurement
1.1
Structure of Cell, Origin of Bio-potential, electrical activity of cell their characteristic and specifications.
1.2
Measurement of RMP and AP. Electrode-Electrolyte interface and types of bio-potential electrodes.
Physiological Systems and Related Measurement
2.1
Respiratory system- Physiology of respiration and measurements of respiratory related parameters
Cardiovascular system- Structure of Heart, Electrical and Mechanical activity of Heart, ECG measurements and Cardiac arrhythmias
Nervous system- Nerve cell, neuronal communication, nerve-muscle physiology, CNS, PNS. Generation of EEG and its measurement. Normal and abnormal EEG, evoked potential and epilepsy
Muscular system- Generation of EMG signal, specification and measurement.
Design of ECG amplifier
Cardiovascular Measurement
3.1
Blood Pressure- Direct and Indirect types.
Blood Flow- Electromagnetic and Ultrasonic types.
Blood Volume- Types of Plethysmography. (Impedance, Capacitive and Photoelectric)
Cardiac Output- Flicks method, Dye-dilution and Thermo-dilution type.
Heart sound measurement
Life support Instruments
4.1
Pacemaker- Types of Pacemaker, mode of pacing and its application.
Defibrillator- AC and DC Defibrillators and their application.
Heart Lung machine and its application during surgery.
Haemodialysis system and the precautions to be taken during dialysis.
Baby Incubator and its application
Imaging Techniques
5.1
X-Ray- Generation, X-ray tube and its control, X-ray machine and its application
5.2
CT Scan- CT Number, Block Diagram, scanning system and application.
Ultrasound Imaging- Modes of scanning and their application
5.3
MRI- Concepts and image generation, block diagram and its application
Significance of Electrical Safety
6.1
Physiological effects of electrical current, Shock Hazards from electrical equipments and methods of accident prevention.
Recommended Books:
1. Leslie Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurements”, 2nd Edition, Pearson Education, 1980.
2. John G. Webster, “Medical Instrumentation”, John Wiley and Sons, 4th edition, 2010.
3. R. S. Khandpur, “Biomedical Instrumentation”, TMH, 2004
4. Richard Aston, “Principles of Biomedical Instrumentation and Instruments”, PH, 1991.
5. Joseph J. Carr and John M. Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology”, PHI/Pearson Education, 4th edition, 2001.
6. John E Hall, Gyton’s Medical Physiology, 12th edition, 2011
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules
 
 
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