Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Semester 4 Syllabus

Applied Mathematics IV |

Calculus of variation 1.1 Euler Langrange equation, solution of Euler’s Langrange equation (only results for different cases for function) independent of a variable, independent of another variable, independent of differentiation of a variable and independent of both variables 1.2 Isoperimetric problems, several dependent variables 1.3 Functions involving higher order derivatives: Rayleigh-Ritz method 2.0 Linear algebra: vector spaces 12 2.1 Vectors in n-dimensional vector space: Properties, dot product, cross product, norm and distance properties in n-dimensional vector space. 2.2 Metric spaces, vector spaces over real field, properties of vector spaces over real field, subspaces. 2.3 Norms and normed vector spaces 2.4 Inner products and inner product spaces 2.5 The Cauchy-Schwarz inequality, orthogonal Subspaces, Gram-Schmidt process 3.0 Linear Algebra: Matrix Theory 15 3.1 Characteristic equation, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors, properties of Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors 3.2 Cayley-Hamilton theorem, examples based on verification of Cayley- Hamilton theorem 3.3 Similarity of matrices, Diagonalisation of matrix 3.4 Functions of square matrix, derogatory and non-derogatory matrices 3.5 Quadratic forms over real field, reduction of quadratic form to a diagonal canonical form, rank, index, signature of quadratic form, Sylvester’s law of inertia, value-class of a quadratic form of definite, semidefinite and indefinite 3.6 Singular Value Decomposition 4.0 Complex variables: Integration 15 4.1 Complex Integration: Line Integral, Cauchy’s Integral theorem for simply connected regions, Cauchy’s Integral formula 4.2 Taylor’s and Laurent’s series 4.3 Zeros, singularities, poles of f(z), residues, Cauchy’s Residue theorem 4.4 Applications of Residue theorem to evaluate real Integrals of different types |

Text books: 1) A Text Book of Applied Mathematics Vol. I & II by P.N.Wartilar & J.N.Wartikar, Pune, Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan., Pune 2) Mathematical Methods in science and Engineering, A Datta (2012) 3) Higher Engg. Mathematics by Dr. B.S. Grewal, Khanna Publication Reference Books: 1) Todd K.Moon and Wynn C. Stirling, Mathematical Methods and algorithms for Signal Processing, Pearson Education. 2) Kreyszig E., Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 9th edition, John Wiley, 2006. 3) Linear Algebra- Hoffman & Kunze (Indian editions) 2002 4) Linear Algebra- Anton & Torres (2012) 9th Indian Edition. 5) Complex Analysis – Schaum Series. Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the tests will be considered for final Internal Assessment. End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each carrying 20 marks. 2. The students need to solve total 4 questions. 3: Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus. 4: Remaining question (Q.2 to Q.6) will be selected from all the modules. Term Work/Tutorial: At least 08 assignments covering entire syllabus must be given during the Class Wise Tutorial. The assignments should be students’ centric and an attempt should be made to make assignments more meaningful, interesting and innovative. Term work assessment must be based on the overall performance of the student with every assignment graded from time to time. The grades will be converted to marks as per Credit and Grading System manual and should be added and averaged. Based on above scheme grading and term work assessment should be done. |

Analog Electronics II |

Frequency Response of Amplifiers 14 1.1 High Frequency Model: High frequency hybrid-pi equivalent Circuits of BJT and MOSFET, Miller effect and Miller capacitance, gain bandwidth product 1.1 Single Stage Amplifiers : Effect of capacitors (coupling, bypass, load) on frequency response of single stage BJT (CE, CC,CB configurations) , MOSFET (CS,CG, CD configuration) amplifiers, low and high frequency response of BJT (CE, CB, CC) and MOSFET (CS, CG,CD) amplifiers 1.2 Multistage Amplifier: Low and high frequency response and mid – frequency analysis of multistage (CE-CE, CS-CS), cascode (CE-CB, CSCG) Amplifiers, Darlington pair, design of two stage amplifiers 2.0 Differential Amplifiers 10 2.1 BJT Differential Amplifiers: Terminology and qualitative description, DC transfer characteristics, small signal analysis, differential and common mode gain, CMRR, differential and common mode input impedance 2.2 MOSFET Differential Amplifiers: DC transfer characteristics, small signal analysis, differential and common mode gain, CMRR, differential and common mode input impedance 3.0 Integrated Circuits Biasing Techniques 08 3.1 Current Mirror: Two transistor (BJT, MOSFET) current source, current relationship, output resistance. 3.2 Improved Current Source: Three transistor (BJT,MOSFET) current source 3.3 Special Current Source: Cascode (BJT, MOSFET) current source, Wilson and Widlar current sources 4.0 Power Amplifiers 8 4.1 Power Devices: Power BJTs, power MOSFETs, heat sinks 4.2 Classification: Class A, Class B, Class AB and Class C operation, and performance parameters 4.3 Transformer and Transfomerless Amplifiers: Transformer coupled Class A Amplifier, Class AB output stage with diode biasing, VBE multiplier biasing, input buffer transistors, Darlington configuration 5.0 Fundamentals of Operational Amplifier 08 5.1 Fundamentals of Op-amp: characteristics of op-amp, high frequency effects on op-amp gain and phase, slew rate limitation, 5.2 Applications of Op-amps: Inverting and non-inverting amplifier, adder, abstractor, integrator, differentiator, active filters (first order low and high pass) 6.0 DC Regulated Power Supply 04 6.1 Series and Shunt Regulator: Regulator performance parameters, Zener shunt regulator, transistorized series and shunt regulator |

Text Books: 1. Donald A. Neamen, Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design, Tata McGraw Hill, 2nd Edition 2. Adel S. Sedra, Kenneth C. Smith and Arun N Chandorkar, Microelectronic Circuits Theory and Applications, Fifth Edition, International Version, OXFORD International Students Sixth Edition Recommended Books: 1. S. Salivahanan, N. Suresh Kumar,“Electronic Devices and Circuits”, Tata McGraw Hill, 3rd Edition 2. Jacob Millman, Christos C Halkias, and Satyabratatajit, “Millman’s Electronic Devices and Circuits”, McGrawHill, 3rd Edition 3. Muhammad H. Rashid, “Microelectronics Circuits Analysis and Design”, Cengage Learning, 2nd Edition 4. Jacob Milliman and Arvin Grabel, “ Microelectronics” Tata McGrawHill, 2nd Edition 5. Anil K. Maini and Varsha Agrawal, “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, Wiley Publications Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the tests will be considered for final Internal Assessment. End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each carrying 20 marks. 2. The students need to solve total 4 questions. 3: Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus. 4: Remaining question (Q.2 to Q.6) will be selected from all the modules. |

Microprocessors and Peripherals |

Architecture of 8085 and 8086 Microprocessor 08 1.1 8085 Architecture and pin configuration. 1.2 8086 Architecture and organization, pin configuration. 1.3 Minimum and Maximum modes of 8086. 1.4 Read and Write bus cycle of 8086. 2.0 Instruction set and programming of 8086 10 2.1 8086 Addressing modes. 2.2 8086 Instruction encoding formats and instruction set. 2.3 Assembler directives. 2.4 8086 programming and debugging of assembly language program. 3.0 Peripherals interfacing with 8086 and applications. 10 3.1 8086-Interrupt structure. 3.2 Programmable interrupt controller 8259A. 3.3 Programmable peripheral Interface 8255. 3.4 Programmable interval Timer 8254. 3.5 DMA controller 8257 3.6 Interfacing 8259A, 8255, 8254, 8257 with 8086 and their applications 4.0 ADC, DAC interfacing with 8086 and its application 08 4.1 Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) 0809 4.2 Digital to Analog Convertor (DAC) 0808 4.3 Interfacing ADC 0809, DAC 0808 with 8086 and their applications. 4.4 8086 based data Acquisition system. 5.0 8086 Microprocessor interfacing 10 5.1 8087 Math coprocessor, its data types and interfacing with 8086. 5.2 Memory interfacing with 8086 microprocessor 6.0 Advanced Microprocessors 06 6.1 Basic architectures of 80286, 80386, 80486 and Pentium processor. |

Text Books: 1. Gaonkar R.S.: “Microprocessor Architecture Programming and Applications with the 8085” Penram International Pub, 5th Edition. 2. John Uffenbeck: “8086/8088 family: “Design, Programming and Interfacing”, Prentice Hall, 2ndEdition 3. B. B. Brey: “The Intel Microprocessors 8086/8088, 80186/80188, 80286, 80386, 80486, Pentium and Pentium Pro Processor”, Pearson Pub, 8th Edition Reference Books: 1. Hall D.V: “Microprocessor and Interfacing Programming and Hardware”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2nd Edition. 2. A. K. Ray and K. M. Burchandi: “Advanced Microprocessor and Peripherals, Architecture Programming and Interfacing”, Tata McGrawHill, 3rd Edition 3. Don Anderson, Tom Shanley: “Pentium Processor System Architecture”, MindShare Inc., 2nd Edition 4. National Semiconductor: Data Acquisition Linear Devices Data Book 5. Intel Peripheral Devices: Data Book. Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered for final Internal Assessment. End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each carrying 20 marks. 2. The students need to solve total 4 questions. 3: Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus. 4: Remaining question (Q.2 to Q.6) will be selected from all the modules. |

Wave Theory and Propagation |

Basic Laws of electromagnetic & Maxwell’s equations 13 1.1 Fundamental laws of electromagnetic fields: Coulomb’s law, Gauss’s law, Bio-Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Poisson’s and Laplace equations 1.2 Boundary conditions: Static electric and magnetic fields 1.3 Maxwell’s equations: Integral and differential form for static and time varying fields and its interpretations 1.4 Applications of electromagnetic fields: Ink-jet printer, CRO, electromagnetic pump 2.0 Uniform plane wave equation and power balance 08 2.1 Wave equation: Derivation and its solution in Cartesian co-ordinates 2.2 Solution of wave equations: Partially conducting media, perfect dielectrics and good conductors, concept of skin dept 2.3 Electromagnetic Power: Poynting Vector and Power Flow in free space and in dielectric, conducting media 3.0 Plane Wave Propagation 06 3.1 Polarization of wave; Elliptical. Linear and Circular 3.2 Propagation in different mediums: Behavior of waves for normal and oblique incidence in dielectrics and conducting media, propagation in dispersive media 4.0 Computational Electromagnetics 08 4.1 Finite Difference Method (FDM):Neumann type and mixed boundary conditions, Iterative solution of finite difference equations, solutions using band matrix method 4.2 Finite Element Method (FEM): Triangular mesh configuration, Finite element discretization, Element governing equations, Assembling all equations and solving resulting equations 4.3 Method of Moment (MOM):Field calculations of conducting wire, parallel conducting wires and complicated geometries 5.0 Radio Wave Propagation 10 5.1 Types of wave propagation: Ground, space and surface wave propagation, tilt and surface waves, impact of imperfect earth and earth’s behavior at different frequencies 5.2 Space wave propagation: Effect of imperfection of earth, curvature of earth, effect of interference zone, shadowing effect of hills and building, atmospheric absorption, Super-refraction, scattering phenomena, troposphere propagation and fading 6.0 Sky Wave Propagation 07 6.1 Reflection and Refraction of waves: Ionosphere and Earth magnetic field effect 6.2 Measures of Ionosphere Propagation: Critical frequency, Angle of incidence, Maximum unstable frequency, Skip distance, Virtual height, Variations in ionosphere and Attenuation and fading of waves in ionosphere |

Text Books: 1. J.A. Administer, “Electromagnetic”, McGraw Hill Companies, 2nd Edition, 2006 2. Bhag Guru and Huseyin Hiziroglu, “Electromagnetic field theory fundamentals”, Cambridge University Press, 2nd Edition, 2010. 3. J.D. Kraus, R.J. Marhefka, A.S. Khan “Antennas & Wave Propagation”, McGraw Hill Publications, 4th Edition, 2011 Reference Books 1. R.K. Shevgaonkar, Electromagnetic Waves, TATA McGraw Hill Companies, 3rd Edition, 2009 2. R.L. Yadava, Antenna & Wave Propagation, PHI Publications, 1st Edition, 2011 3. Edward C. Jordan, Keth G. Balmin, Electromagnetic Waves & Radiating Systems, Pearson Publications, 2nd Edition, 2006 4. Matthew N.D. SADIKU, Principles of Electromagnetics, Oxford International Student 4th Edition, 2007 5. W.H. Hayt, J.A. Buck, Engineering Electromagnetics, McGraw Hill Publications, 7th Edition, 2006. Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered for final Internal Assessment. End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each carrying 20 marks. 2. The students need to solve total 4 questions. 3: Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus. 4: Remaining question (Q.2 to Q.6) will be selected from all the modules. |

Signals and Systems |

Overview of signals and systems 06 1.1 Introduction: Signals, systems, examples of systems for controls and communication, sampling theorem, sampling of continuous time signals, elementary signals, exponential, sine, step, impulse, ramp, rectangular, triangular and operations on signals 1.2 Classification of signals: Continuous and discrete time, deterministic and non deterministic, periodic and aperiodic, symmetric (even) and asymmetric (odd), energy and power, causal and anti-causal signals. 2.0 Time domain analysis of Continuous Time and Discrete Time systems 12 2.1 Classification of systems: Static and dynamic, time variant and time invariant, linear and nonlinear, causal and noncausal, stable and unstable systems. 2.2 Linear Time Invariant (LTI) systems: Representation of systems using differential /difference equation, Impulse, step and exponential response, system stability, examples on applications of LTI systems, convolution, impulse response of interconnected systems, auto-correlation, cross correlation, properties of correlation, analogy between correlation and convolution, total response of a system 3.0 Laplace Transform 06 3.0 3.1 Overview of Laplace Transform: Laplace Transform and properties, relation between continuous time Fourier Transform and Laplace Transform, unilateral Laplace Transform. 3.2 Analysis of continuous time LTI systems using Laplace Transform: Transfer Function, causality and stability of systems, solution of differential equation using Laplace Transform. 4.0 z – Transform 08 4.1 z-Transform of finite and infinite duration sequences, relation between discrete time Fourier Transform and z-Transform, properties, Inverse z-Transform, one sided z– Transform. 4.2 Analysis of discrete time LTI systems using z-Transform: Transfer Function, causality and stability of systems, frequency response, relation between Laplace Transform and z–Transform. 5.0 Fourier series of continuous and discrete time signals 10 5.1 Review of Fourier series: trigonometric and exponential Fourier series representation of signals, magnitude and phase spectra, power spectral density and bandwidth. Gibbs phenomenon. 5.2 Properties of Fourier Series: Linearity, time shifting, time reversal, frequency shifting, time scaling, differentiation, symmetry. Parsevel’s relation. Examples based on properties, analogy between Continuous Time Fourier Series (CTFS) and Discrete Time Fourier Series (DTFS). 6.0 Continuous Time Fourier Transform (CTFT) and Discrete Time Fourier Transform (DTFT) 10 6.1 Fourier Transform: Fourier Transform and Inverse Fourier Transform on periodic and non-periodic signals, limitations of Fourier Transform and need for Laplace and z- Transform 6.2 Properties of Fourier Transform: Linearity, time shifting, time reversal, frequency shifting, time and frequency scaling, modulation, convolution in time domain, differentiation in time domain, differentiation in frequency domain, symmetry.Parsevel’s relation. Energy, power spectral density and bandwidth. Definition and problems on DTFT |

Text books 1. Nagoor Kani, Signals and Systems, Tata McGraw Hill, Third Edition, 2011. 2. B.P. Lathi, Principles of Linear Systems and Signals, Oxford, Second Edition, 2010. 3. Simon Haykin and Barry Van Veen, Signals and Sytems, John Wiley and Sons, Second Edition, 2004. Reference books 1) Hwei. P Hsu, Signals and Systems, Tata McGraw Hill, Third edition, 2010 2) V. Krishnaveni and A.Rajeshwari, Signals and Systems, Wiley-India, First Edition 2012. 3) Narayana Iyer, Signals and Systems, Cenage Learning, First Edition 2011. 4) Michael J Roberts, Fundamentals of Signals and systems, Tata McGraw Hill, special Indian Economy edition, 2009. 5) Rodger E Ziemer, William H. Tranter and D. Ronald Fannin, Signals and Systems, Pearson Education, Fourth Edition 2009. 6) Alan V. Oppenhiem, Alan S. Willsky and S. Hamid Nawab, Signals and Systems, Prentice- Hall of India, Second Edition, 2002. Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each carrying 20 marks. 2. The students need to solve total 4 questions. 3: Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus. 4: Remaining question (Q.2 to Q.6) will be selected from all the modules. Term Work: At least 08 assignments covering entire syllabus must be given during the “Class Wise Tutorial”. The assignments should be students’ centric and an attempt should be made to make assignments more meaningful, interesting and innovative. Term work assessment must be based on the overall performance of the student with every assignment graded from time to time. The grades will be converted to marks as per “Credit and Grading System” manual and should be added and averaged. Based on above scheme grading and term work assessment should be done. |

Control Systems |

Introduction to Control System Analysis 08 1.1 Introduction: Open loop and closed loop systems, feedback and feed forward control structure, examples of control systems. 1.2 Modeling: Types of models, impulse response model, state variable model, transfer function model 1.3 Dynamic Response: Standard test signals, transient and steady state behavior of first and second order systems, steady state errors in feedback control systems and their types 2.0 Mathematical Modeling of Systems 08 2.1 Transfer Function models of various systems: Models of mechanical systems, models of electrical systems, block diagram reduction, signal flow graph, and the Mason’s gain rule 3.0 State Variable Models 12 3.1 State Variable Models of Various Systems: State variable models of mechanical systems, state variable models of electrical systems 3.2 State Transition Equation: Concept of state transition matrix, properties of state transition matrix, solution of homogeneous systems, solution of nonhomogeneous systems 3.3 Controllability and Observability: Concept of controllability, controllability analysis of LTI systems, concept of observability, observability analysis of LTI systems 4.0 Stability Analysis In Time Domain 08 4.1 Concepts of Stability: Concept of absolute, relative and robust stability, routh stability criterion 4.2 Root Locus Analysis: Root-locus concepts, general rules for constructing root-locus, root-locus analysis of control systems, design of lag and lead compensators 5.0 Stability Analysis In Frequency Domain 08 5.1 Introduction: Frequency domain specifications, response peak and peak resonating frequency, relationship between time and frequency domain specification of system, stability margins 5.2 Bode plot: Magnitude and phase plot; Method of plotting Bode plot; Stability margins on the Bode plots; Stability analysis using Bode plot. 5.3 Nyquist Criterion: Polar plots, Nyquist stability criterions; Nyquist plot; Gain and phase margins. 6.0 Optimal and Adaptive Control Systems 08 6.1 Optimal control: Performance measure for optimal control problems, the principle of optimality, concept of dynamic programming, fundamental of a single Function, Functions involving several independent Functions, constrained minimization of Functions 6.2 Adaptive Control Systems: Model reference adaptive control approach for controller design, Neuro-Fuzzy adaptive control (only concept) |

Text books: 1. Nagrath, M.Gopal, “Control System Engineering”, Tata McGraw Hill. 2. K.Ogata, “Modern Control Engineering, Pearson Education”, IIIrd edition. 3. Benjamin C.Kuo, “Automatic Control Systems, Eearson education”, VIIth edition. Reference Books: 1. Madam Gopal, Control Systems Principles and Design, Tata McGraw hill, 7th edition,1997. 2. Normon, Control System Engineering, John Wiley & sons, 3rd edition. 3. Curtis Johnson, Process Control Instrumentation Technology, Pearson education fourth edition. 4. Dhanesh N. Manik, “Control Systems”, Cengage Learning, 1st edition, 2012. 5. Sastry S. S., “Adaptive Control”, PHI. Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each carrying 20 marks. 2. The students need to solve total 4 questions. 3: Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus. 4: Remaining question (Q.2 to Q.6) will be selected from all the modules. |

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