Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Semester 5 Syllabus

Microcontroller & Applications |

8051 Microcontroller Comparison between Microprocessor and Microcontroller Features, architecture and pin configurations CPU timing and machine cycle Input / Output ports Memory organization Counters and timers Interrupts Serial data input and output 8051 Assembly Language Programming. 2.1 Instruction set Addressing mode Assembler directives Programs related to: arithmetic, logical, delay, input, output port, serial communication, and interrupts 8051 Interfacing and Applications 3.1 Interfacing of display: LED, LCD, and seven segment display 3.2 Keyboard Interfacing 3.3 Interfacing of ADC and DAC (0808/09) 3.4 Stepper motor and relay 3.5 Connection to RS 232 for serial communication 3.6 Manual and auto reset 3.7 IR based wireless communication system design 4 ARM7: A 32-bit Microcontroller 08 4.1 The RISC design philosophy 4.2 Concept of Cortex-A, the Cortex-R, and the Cortex-M 4.3 Features of ARM Microcontroller 4.4 Operating modes 4.5 Architecture ( ARM core dataflow model) 4.6 Registers 4.7 Current program status register 4.8 Pipeline 4.9 Exceptions, interrupt and vector table 4.0 Memory management 4.11 ARM7 processor families 5 ARM7 Programming 08 5.1 Instruction set for data processing, branching, load-store, software interrupt, and program status register 5.2 Addressing modes 5.3 Programming for ARM7 6 Introduction to Embedded Systems 04 6.1 Concepts of embedded systems 6.2 Optimizing design matrices and common Study of embedded systems 1) Digital camera 2) Stepper motor controller |

Recommended Books: 1. M. A. Mazidi, J. G. Mazidi and R. D. Mckinlay, “The 8051 Microcontroller & Embedded systems”, Pearson Publications, Second Edition 2006. 2. C. Kenneth J. Ayala and D. V. Gadre, “The 8051 Microcontroller & Embedded system using assembly & „C’ ”, Cengage Learning, Edition 2010. 3. Satish Shah, “The 8051 Microcontrollers”, Oxford publication first edition 2010. 4. Andrew Sloss, Dominic Symes, and Chris Wright, “ARM System Developer?s Guide” Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, First Edition 2004. 5. James A. Langbridge, “Professional Embedded Arm Development”, Wrox, John Wiley Brand& Sons Inc., Edition 2014 6. Frank Vahid& tony Gavages “Embedded system design – A unified hardware / software introduction”, Wiley publication, Third edition 2002. Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules. |

Analog Communication |

Basics of Communication System Block diagram, electromagnetic spectrum, signal bandwidth and power, types of communication channels Types of noise, signal to noise ratio, noise figure, and noise temperature Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation 2.1 Basic concept, signal representation, need for modulation 2.2 Spectrum, waveforms, modulation index, bandwidth, voltage distribution, and power calculation 2.3 DSBFC: Principles, modulating circuits, low level and high level transmitters DSB suppressed carrier:- Multiplier modulator, nonlinear modulator, and switching modulator, Single Side Band (SSB):-Principle, Filter method, phase shift method and third method Quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM), Independent sideband (ISB) and Vestigial Side Band (VSB) principles and transmitters Amplitude demodulation: Diode detector, practical diode detector, and square law detector. Applications of AM and use of VSB in broadcast television Angle Modulation and Demodulation 3.1 Frequency modulation (FM): Basic concept, mathematical analysis, frequency spectrum of FM wave, sensitivity, phase deviation and modulation index, frequency deviation and percent modulated waves, bandwidth requirement of angle modulated waves, deviation ratio, narrow Band FM, and Wide Band FM. 3.2 Varactor diode modulator, FET reactance modulator, stabilized reactance modulator- AFC, Direct FM transmitter, indirect FM Transmitter, noise triangle in FM, pre-emphasis and de-emphasis. 3.3 Phase modulation (PM): Principle and working of Transistor direct PM modulator and relationship and comparison between FM and PM 3.4 FM demodulation: Balance slope detector, Foster-Seely discriminator, ratio detector, Phase lock loop(PLL) FM demodulator, amplitude limiting and thresholding, comparison between FM demodulators, comparison between AM, FM and PM. 3.5 Applications of FM and PM Radio Receivers 4.1 TRF, Super-heterodyne receiver, receiver parameters, and choice of IF. 4.2 AM receiver circuits and analysis, simple AGC, delayed AGC, forward AGC, and communication receiver 4.3 FM receiver circuits, comparison with AM receiver 4.4 Single and independent sideband (SSB and ISB) receivers Sampling Techniques 5.1 Theorem for low pass and band pass signals, proof with spectrum, Nyquist criteria Sampling techniques, aliasing error, and aperture effect Pulse Modulation and Demodulation PAM, PWM, PPM generation and detection Delta modulation, adaptive delta modulation, principle, generation and detection TDM and FDM basic concepts and block diagram Applications of pulse communication |

Recommended Books: 1. WayneTomasi, “Electronics Communication Systems”, Pearson education, Fifth edition. 2. Kennedy and Davis, “Electronics Communication System”, Tata McGraw Hill, Fourth edition. 3. B.P. Lathi, Zhi Ding,“Modern Digital and Analog Communication system”, Oxford University Press, Fourth edition 4. Taub, Schilling and Saha, “Taub’s Principles of Communication systems”, Tata McGraw Hill,Third edition. 5. P. Sing and S.D. Sapre, “Communication Systems: Analog and Digital”, Tata McGraw Hill,Third edition. 6. Simon Haykin, Michel Moher, “Introduction to Analog and Digital Communication”, Wiley, Second edition. 7. Dennis Roddy and John Coolen, “Electronic Communication”, Prentice Hall, Third Edition. Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules. |

Random Signal Analysis |

Overview of Probability Theory and Basics of Random Variables 1.1 Sample space, events, set operations, the notion and axioms of probability. Conditional probability, Joint probability, Baye’s rule, Independence of events, Sequential Experiments. Notion of random variable. Continuous random variables, probability density function, probability distribution function, Uniform, Exponential and Gaussian continuous random variables and distributions. Discrete random variables, probability mass function, probability distribution function, binomial, Poisson and geometric discrete random variables and distributions Operations on One Random Variable Functions of a random variable and their distribution and density functions. 2.2 Expectation, Variance and Moments of random variable. 2.3 Transformation of a random variable, Markov, Chebyshev and Chernoff bounds, characteristic functions, moment theorem Multiple of Random Variables And Convergence Vector random variables, Pairs of random variables, Joint CDF, Joint PDF Independence , Conditional CDF and PDF, Conditional Expectation One function of two random variable, two functions of two random variables; joint moments, joint characteristic function, covariance and correlation-independent, uncorrelated and orthogonal random variables. Sequence Of Random Variables And Convergence: Random sequences, Limit theorems; Strong and weak laws of large numbers, 4.2 Central limit theorem and its significance. Random Process 5.1 Random process: Definition, realizations, sample paths, discrete and continuous time processes 5.2 Probabilistic structure of a Random process; mean, correlation and covariance functions, stationarity of random process. 5.3 Ergodicity, Transmission of WSS random process through LTI system 5.4 Spectral analysis of random processes, power density spectrum bandwidth, cross-power density spectrum. 5.5 Gaussian and Poisson random process Markov Chains And Introduction To Queuing Theory 6.1 Markov processes 6.2 Discrete Markov chains, The n–step transition probabilities, steady state probabilities. 6.3 Introduction to Continuous time Markov chains. 6.4 Classifications of states. Markovian models 6.6 Birth and death queuing models 6.7 Steady state results 6.8 Single and Multiple server Queuing models 6.9 Finite source models 6.10 Little’s formula |

1. Alberto Leon Garcia, “Probability And Random Processes For Electrical Engineering”, second edition Low price edition Pearson education. 2. Miller, “Probability And Random Processes-With Applications to Signal Processing and Communication”, first edition 2007, Elsevier. 3. Papoulis and S. Unnikrishnan Pillai, “Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Processes,” Fourth Edition, McGraw Hill. 4. H. Stark and J. Woods, “Probability and Random Processes with Applications to Signal Processing,’’ Third Edition, Pearson Education. 5. Hwei Hsu, “Probability Random Variable,s Random Process, Schaulm?s Outlines, Tata McGraw Hill, 2004. Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules. |

RF Modeling and Antennas |

Behavior of Active and Passive Components in RF range Frequency Spectrum, hazards of Electromagnetic Radiations, and fundamentals of radio frequency design High Frequency behavior, equivalent circuit and frequency response of resistor, capacitor, inductor, diode, BJT, and FET Characteristics, structure and applications of coaxial line, stripline, microstrip line, and coplanar lines Filter Design 2.1 Analysis of infinite periodic structures terminated Periodic structures, k-? diagrams and wave velocities. Image Parameter Method: Image impedances and transfer functions for two port networks, constant-k filter sections, m-derived filter sections, and composite filters Insertion Loss Method: Characterization by power loss ratio, maximally flat, equal ripple, and linear phase low pass filter prototype. Filter transformations: impedances, frequency scaling, and band pass and band stop Richard’s transformation, Kuroda’s identity, impedance, and admittance inverters Fundamentals of Antenna Conceptual understanding and radiation mechanism Fundamental Parameters of Antennas: Radiation pattern, radiation power density, radiation intensity , beam width, directivity, antenna efficiency, gain, beam efficiency, bandwidth, input impedance, antenna radiation efficiency, antenna vector effective length and equivalent areas, maximum directivity and maximum effective areas. Friss transmission equation, antenna temperature 3.4 Vector potential A for an electric current source J, vector potential F for an magnetic current source M, electric and magnetic fields for electric J and Magnetic M current sources, and concept of near and far field radiation. Wire Antennas Infinitesimal dipole and small dipole: Radiation field, near field, far field directivity, region separation Finite Length dipole: Basic parameters of half wavelength dipole, folded dipole Monopole antenna Ground Effects Linear elements near or on infinite perfect conductors Loop antennas: Basic parameters Antenna Arrays: Linear arrays, planner arrays, and circular arrays Array of two isotropic point sources, non-isotropic sources Principle of pattern multiplication, Linear arrays of n elements, broadside, radiation pattern, directivity, beam width and null directions, array factor Antenna analysis using Binomial, Dolph-Tschebyscheff, Yagi Uda antenna Special types of antennas 6.1 Frequency Independent Antennas: Log periodic and helical antennas Microstrip Antennas: Characteristics, applications and limitations 6.2 Reflector Antennas and Horn Antennas: Characteristics, applications and limitations |

Recommended Books: 1. David M Pozar, “Microwave Engineering”, John Wieley and Sons, Inc. Hobokenh, New Jersey, Fourth Edition, 2012 2. Costantine A. Balanis, “Antenna Theory Analysis And Design”, John Wiley Publication 3. John D. Kraus, “ Antennas”, Tata McGraw Hill publication 4. Annapurna Das and Sisir K Das, “Microwave Engineering”, Tata McGraw Hill,New Delhi, Second Edition, 2009 5. Reinhold Ludwig and Pavel Bretchko, “RF Circuit Design”, Pearson Education Asia. Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules |

Integrated Circuits |

Review of Operational Amplifier Operational amplifier overview: parameters, open loop and closed loop configurations Applications of Operational Amplifier Amplifiers: Current amplifier, difference amplifier, instrumentation amplifier, and programmable gain amplifier Converters: Current to voltage converters, voltage to current converters, generalized impedance converter, voltage to frequency converter, frequency to voltage converter, logarithmic converters and antilog converters Active Filters: Second order active finite and infinite gain low pass, high pass, band pass and band reject filters Sine Wave Oscillators: RC phase shift oscillator, Wien bridge oscillator, Quadrature oscillator Non-Linear Applications of Operational Amplifier 3.1 Comparators: Inverting comparator, non-inverting comparator, zero crossing detector, window detector and level detector Schmitt Triggers: Inverting Schmitt trigger, non-inverting Schmitt trigger, and adjustable threshold levels Voltage Regulators |

Recommended Books: 1. Sergio Franco, “Design with Operational Amplifiers and Analog Integrated Circuits”, Tata McGraw Hill, 3rd Edition 2. John F. Wakerly, “Digital Design – Principles & Practices”, Pearson Education, 3rd Edition 3. J. Millman and A. Grabel, “Microelectronics”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2nd Edition. 4. D. Roy Choudhury and S. B. Jain, “Linear Integrated Circuits”, New Age International Publishers, 4th Edition 5. David A. Bell, “Operation Amplifiers and Linear Integrated Circuits”, Oxford University Press, Indian Edition 6. Ramakant A. Gayakwad, “Op-Amps and Linear Integrated Circuits”, Pearson Prentice Hall, 4th Edition 7. R. F. Coughlin and F. F. Driscoll, “Operation Amplifiers and Linear Integrated Circuits”, Prentice Hall, 6th Edition 8. J. G. Graeme, G. E. Tobey and L. P. Huelsman, “Operational Amplifiers- Design & Applications”, New York: McGraw-Hill, Burr-Brown Research Corporation Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules |

Business Communication and Ethics |

Report Writing Objectives of report writing Language and style in a report Types of reports Formats of reports: Memo, letter, project and survey based Technical Proposals Objective of technical proposals Parts of proposal Introduction to Interpersonal Skills Emotional Intelligence Leadership Team building Assertiveness Conflict Resolution Negotiation Skills Motivation 3.8 Time Management Meetings and Documentation Strategies for conducting effective meetings Notice 4.3 Agenda 4.4 Minutes of the meeting Introduction to Corporate Ethics and etiquettes 5.1 Business meeting etiquettes, interview etiquettes, professional and work etiquettes, social skills 5.2 Greetings and art of conversation 5.3 Dressing and grooming 5.4 Dinning etiquette 5.5 Ethical codes of conduct in business and corporate activities (Personal ethics, conflicting values, choosing a moral response the process of making ethical decisions) Employment Skills 6.1 Cover letter 6.2 Resume 6.3 Group Discussion 6.4 Presentation Skills 6.5 Interview Skills |

Reference Books: 1. Fred Luthans, “Organisational Behavior” , McGraw Hill, edition 2. Lesiker and Petit, “Report Writing for Business” , McGraw Hill, edition 3. Huckin and Olsen, “Technical Writing and Professional Communication”, McGraw Hill 4. Wallace and Masters, “Personal Development for Life and Work” , Thomson Learning, 12th edition 5. Heta Murphy, “Effective Business Communication”, McGraw Hill, edition 6. R.C Sharma and Krishna Mohan, “Business Correspondence and Report Writing” 7. B N Ghosh, “Managing Soft Skills for Personality Development”, Tata McGraw Hill.Lehman, Dufrene, Sinha, “BCOM”, Cengage Learning, 2nd edition 8. Bell . Smith,”Management Communication” Wiley India edition, 3rd edition. Internal Assessment (IA): There will be no IA written examination End Semester Examination: There will be no ESE written examination. List of assignments: Term work shall consist of assignments as listed below: 1. Report writing (Synopsis or the first draft of the Report) 2. Technical Proposal (Group activity, document of the proposal 3. Interpersonal Skills (Group activity and Role play) 4. Interpersonal Skills (Documentation in the form of soft copy or hard copy) 5. Meetings and Documentation (Notice, Agenda, Minutes of Mock Meetings) 6. Corporate ethics and etiquettes (case study, Role play) 7. Cover Letter and Resume Printout of the Power Point presentation The distribution of marks for term work shall be as follows. 1. Assignments – 20 marks 2. Project Report Presentation – 15 marks 3. Group Discussion – 10 marks 4. Attendance – 5 marks At least total 08 assignments, project report presentation and group discussion covering entire syllabus must be given during the batch wise practical. The assignments and project work should be students’ centric and an attempt should be made to make assignments more meaningful, interesting and innovative. Term work assessment must be based on the overall performance of the student with every assignment / project / group discussion graded from time to time. The average of grades converted in to marks should be taken into account for term work assessment. |

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