Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Semester 5 Syllabus


Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Semester 5 Syllabus

Microcontroller & Applications
8051 Microcontroller
Comparison between Microprocessor and Microcontroller
Features, architecture and pin configurations
CPU timing and machine cycle
Input / Output ports
Memory organization
Counters and timers
Interrupts
Serial data input and output
8051 Assembly Language Programming.
2.1
Instruction set
Addressing mode
Assembler directives
Programs related to: arithmetic, logical, delay, input, output port, serial communication, and interrupts
8051 Interfacing and Applications
3.1
Interfacing of display: LED, LCD, and seven segment display
3.2
Keyboard Interfacing
3.3
Interfacing of ADC and DAC (0808/09)
3.4
Stepper motor and relay
3.5
Connection to RS 232 for serial communication
3.6
Manual and auto reset
3.7
IR based wireless communication system design
4 ARM7: A 32-bit Microcontroller
08 4.1 The RISC design philosophy
4.2
Concept of Cortex-A, the Cortex-R, and the Cortex-M
4.3
Features of ARM Microcontroller
4.4
Operating modes
4.5
Architecture ( ARM core dataflow model)
4.6
Registers
4.7
Current program status register
4.8
Pipeline
4.9
Exceptions, interrupt and vector table
4.0
Memory management
4.11
ARM7 processor families
5
ARM7 Programming
08
5.1
Instruction set for data processing, branching, load-store, software interrupt, and program status register
5.2
Addressing modes
5.3
Programming for ARM7
6
Introduction to Embedded Systems
04
6.1
Concepts of embedded systems
6.2
Optimizing design matrices and common Study of embedded systems 1) Digital camera 2) Stepper motor controller
Recommended Books:
1. M. A. Mazidi, J. G. Mazidi and R. D. Mckinlay, “The 8051 Microcontroller & Embedded systems”, Pearson Publications, Second Edition 2006.
2. C. Kenneth J. Ayala and D. V. Gadre, “The 8051 Microcontroller & Embedded system using assembly & „C’ ”, Cengage Learning, Edition 2010.
3. Satish Shah, “The 8051 Microcontrollers”, Oxford publication first edition 2010.
4. Andrew Sloss, Dominic Symes, and Chris Wright, “ARM System Developer?s Guide” Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, First Edition 2004.
5. James A. Langbridge, “Professional Embedded Arm Development”, Wrox, John Wiley Brand& Sons Inc., Edition 2014
6. Frank Vahid& tony Gavages “Embedded system design – A unified hardware / software introduction”, Wiley publication, Third edition 2002.
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules.
Analog Communication
Basics of Communication System
Block diagram, electromagnetic spectrum, signal bandwidth and power, types of communication channels
Types of noise, signal to noise ratio, noise figure, and noise temperature
Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation
2.1
Basic concept, signal representation, need for modulation
2.2
Spectrum, waveforms, modulation index, bandwidth, voltage distribution, and power calculation
2.3
DSBFC: Principles, modulating circuits, low level and high level transmitters DSB suppressed carrier:- Multiplier modulator, nonlinear modulator, and switching modulator, Single Side Band (SSB):-Principle, Filter method, phase shift method and third method Quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM), Independent sideband (ISB) and Vestigial Side Band (VSB) principles and transmitters
Amplitude demodulation: Diode detector, practical diode detector, and square law detector.
Applications of AM and use of VSB in broadcast television
Angle Modulation and Demodulation
3.1
Frequency modulation (FM): Basic concept, mathematical analysis, frequency spectrum of FM wave, sensitivity, phase deviation and modulation index, frequency deviation and percent modulated waves, bandwidth requirement of angle modulated waves, deviation ratio, narrow Band FM, and Wide Band FM.
3.2
Varactor diode modulator, FET reactance modulator, stabilized reactance modulator- AFC, Direct FM transmitter, indirect FM Transmitter, noise triangle in FM, pre-emphasis and de-emphasis.
3.3
Phase modulation (PM): Principle and working of Transistor direct PM modulator and relationship and comparison between FM and PM
3.4
FM demodulation: Balance slope detector, Foster-Seely discriminator, ratio detector, Phase lock loop(PLL) FM demodulator, amplitude limiting and thresholding, comparison between FM demodulators, comparison between AM, FM and PM.
3.5
Applications of FM and PM
Radio Receivers
4.1
TRF, Super-heterodyne receiver, receiver parameters, and choice of IF.
4.2
AM receiver circuits and analysis, simple AGC, delayed AGC, forward AGC, and communication receiver
4.3
FM receiver circuits, comparison with AM receiver
4.4
Single and independent sideband (SSB and ISB) receivers
Sampling Techniques
5.1
Theorem for low pass and band pass signals, proof with spectrum, Nyquist criteria Sampling techniques, aliasing error, and aperture effect
Pulse Modulation and Demodulation
PAM, PWM, PPM generation and detection
Delta modulation, adaptive delta modulation, principle, generation and detection
TDM and FDM basic concepts and block diagram
Applications of pulse communication
Recommended Books:
1. WayneTomasi, “Electronics Communication Systems”, Pearson education, Fifth edition.
2. Kennedy and Davis, “Electronics Communication System”, Tata McGraw Hill, Fourth edition.
3. B.P. Lathi, Zhi Ding,“Modern Digital and Analog Communication system”, Oxford University Press, Fourth edition
4. Taub, Schilling and Saha, “Taub’s Principles of Communication systems”, Tata McGraw Hill,Third edition.
5. P. Sing and S.D. Sapre, “Communication Systems: Analog and Digital”, Tata McGraw Hill,Third edition.
6. Simon Haykin, Michel Moher, “Introduction to Analog and Digital Communication”, Wiley, Second edition.
7. Dennis Roddy and John Coolen, “Electronic Communication”, Prentice Hall, Third Edition.
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules.
Random Signal Analysis
Overview of Probability Theory and Basics of Random Variables
1.1
Sample space, events, set operations, the notion and axioms of probability.
Conditional probability, Joint probability, Baye’s rule, Independence of events, Sequential Experiments.
Notion of random variable.
Continuous random variables, probability density function, probability distribution function, Uniform, Exponential and Gaussian continuous random variables and distributions.
Discrete random variables, probability mass function, probability distribution function, binomial, Poisson and geometric discrete random variables and distributions
Operations on One Random Variable
Functions of a random variable and their distribution and density functions.
2.2
Expectation, Variance and Moments of random variable.
2.3
Transformation of a random variable, Markov, Chebyshev and Chernoff bounds, characteristic functions, moment theorem
Multiple of Random Variables And Convergence
Vector random variables, Pairs of random variables, Joint CDF, Joint PDF Independence , Conditional CDF and PDF, Conditional Expectation
One function of two random variable, two functions of two random variables; joint moments, joint characteristic function, covariance and correlation-independent, uncorrelated and orthogonal random variables.
Sequence Of Random Variables And Convergence:
Random sequences, Limit theorems; Strong and weak laws of large numbers,
4.2
Central limit theorem and its significance.
Random Process
5.1
Random process: Definition, realizations, sample paths, discrete and continuous time processes
5.2
Probabilistic structure of a Random process; mean, correlation and covariance functions, stationarity of random process.
5.3
Ergodicity, Transmission of WSS random process through LTI system
5.4
Spectral analysis of random processes, power density spectrum bandwidth, cross-power density spectrum.
5.5
Gaussian and Poisson random process
Markov Chains And Introduction To Queuing Theory
6.1
Markov processes
6.2
Discrete Markov chains, The n–step transition probabilities, steady state probabilities.
6.3
Introduction to Continuous time Markov chains.
6.4
Classifications of states. Markovian models
6.6
Birth and death queuing models
6.7
Steady state results
6.8
Single and Multiple server Queuing models
6.9
Finite source models
6.10
Little’s formula
1. Alberto Leon Garcia, “Probability And Random Processes For Electrical Engineering”, second edition Low price edition Pearson education.
2. Miller, “Probability And Random Processes-With Applications to Signal Processing and Communication”, first edition 2007, Elsevier.
3. Papoulis and S. Unnikrishnan Pillai, “Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Processes,” Fourth Edition, McGraw Hill.
4. H. Stark and J. Woods, “Probability and Random Processes with Applications to Signal Processing,’’ Third Edition, Pearson Education.
5. Hwei Hsu, “Probability Random Variable,s Random Process, Schaulm?s Outlines, Tata McGraw Hill, 2004.
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules.
RF Modeling and Antennas
Behavior of Active and Passive Components in RF range
Frequency Spectrum, hazards of Electromagnetic Radiations, and fundamentals of radio frequency design
High Frequency behavior, equivalent circuit and frequency response of resistor, capacitor, inductor, diode, BJT, and FET
Characteristics, structure and applications of coaxial line, stripline, microstrip line, and coplanar lines
Filter Design
2.1
Analysis of infinite periodic structures terminated Periodic structures, k-? diagrams and wave velocities.
Image Parameter Method: Image impedances and transfer functions for two port networks, constant-k filter sections, m-derived filter sections, and composite filters
Insertion Loss Method: Characterization by power loss ratio, maximally flat, equal ripple, and linear phase low pass filter prototype.
Filter transformations: impedances, frequency scaling, and band pass and band stop
Richard’s transformation, Kuroda’s identity, impedance, and admittance inverters
Fundamentals of Antenna
Conceptual understanding and radiation mechanism
Fundamental Parameters of Antennas: Radiation pattern, radiation power density, radiation intensity , beam width, directivity, antenna efficiency, gain, beam efficiency, bandwidth, input impedance, antenna radiation efficiency, antenna vector effective length and equivalent areas, maximum directivity and maximum effective areas.
Friss transmission equation, antenna temperature
3.4
Vector potential A for an electric current source J, vector potential F for an magnetic current source M, electric and magnetic fields for electric J and Magnetic M current sources, and concept of near and far field radiation.
Wire Antennas
Infinitesimal dipole and small dipole: Radiation field, near field, far field directivity, region separation
Finite Length dipole: Basic parameters of half wavelength dipole, folded dipole
Monopole antenna
Ground Effects
Linear elements near or on infinite perfect conductors
Loop antennas: Basic parameters
Antenna Arrays:
Linear arrays, planner arrays, and circular arrays
Array of two isotropic point sources, non-isotropic sources
Principle of pattern multiplication,
Linear arrays of n elements, broadside, radiation pattern, directivity, beam width and null directions, array factor
Antenna analysis using Binomial, Dolph-Tschebyscheff, Yagi Uda antenna Special types of antennas
6.1
Frequency Independent Antennas: Log periodic and helical antennas Microstrip Antennas: Characteristics, applications and limitations
6.2
Reflector Antennas and Horn Antennas: Characteristics, applications and limitations
Recommended Books:
1. David M Pozar, “Microwave Engineering”, John Wieley and Sons, Inc. Hobokenh, New Jersey, Fourth Edition, 2012
2. Costantine A. Balanis, “Antenna Theory Analysis And Design”, John Wiley Publication
3. John D. Kraus, “ Antennas”, Tata McGraw Hill publication
4. Annapurna Das and Sisir K Das, “Microwave Engineering”, Tata McGraw Hill,New Delhi, Second Edition, 2009
5. Reinhold Ludwig and Pavel Bretchko, “RF Circuit Design”, Pearson Education Asia.
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules
Integrated Circuits
Review of Operational Amplifier
Operational amplifier overview: parameters, open loop and closed loop configurations
Applications of Operational Amplifier
Amplifiers: Current amplifier, difference amplifier, instrumentation amplifier, and programmable gain amplifier
Converters: Current to voltage converters, voltage to current converters, generalized impedance converter, voltage to frequency converter, frequency to voltage converter, logarithmic converters and antilog converters
Active Filters: Second order active finite and infinite gain low pass, high pass, band pass and band reject filters
Sine Wave Oscillators: RC phase shift oscillator, Wien bridge oscillator, Quadrature oscillator
Non-Linear Applications of Operational Amplifier
3.1
Comparators: Inverting comparator, non-inverting comparator, zero crossing detector, window detector and level detector

Schmitt Triggers: Inverting Schmitt trigger, non-inverting Schmitt trigger, and adjustable threshold levels
3.3
Waveform Generators: Square wave generator, triangular wave generator, and duty cycle modulation
3.4
Precision Rectifiers: Half wave, full wave, and applications
3.5
Peak detectors, sample and hold circuits
Special Purpose Integrated Circuits
4.1
Functional block diagram, working, design and applications: Timer 555
4.2
Functional block diagram, working and applications: VCO 566, PLL 565, multiplier 534, waveform generator XR 2206, power amplifier LM380

Voltage Regulators
5.1
Functional block diagram, working and design of three terminal fixed (78XX, 79XX series) and three terminal adjustable (LM 317, LM 337) voltage regulators.
5.2
Functional block diagram, working and design of general purpose 723 (LVLC, LVHC, HVLC and HVHC) with current limit and current fold-back protection, Switching regulator topologies, Functional block diagram and working of LT1070 monolithic switching regulator
Counters, Shift Registers and ALU (Logic Diagram and applications)
6.1
MSI Counters: Ripple counters (7490 decade, 7492 modulus-12, 7493 4-bitbinary), synchronous counters (74162 decade, 74163 4-bit binary, 74169 4-bit up/down binary)
6.2
MSI Shift Registers: 74164 serial input parallel output, 74166 parallel input serial output, 74191 serial input serial output, 74194 universal shift register
6.3
Arithmetic Logic Unit: 74181 ALU

Recommended Books:
1. Sergio Franco, “Design with Operational Amplifiers and Analog Integrated Circuits”, Tata McGraw Hill, 3rd Edition
2. John F. Wakerly, “Digital Design – Principles & Practices”, Pearson Education, 3rd Edition
3. J. Millman and A. Grabel, “Microelectronics”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2nd Edition.
4. D. Roy Choudhury and S. B. Jain, “Linear Integrated Circuits”, New Age International Publishers, 4th Edition
5. David A. Bell, “Operation Amplifiers and Linear Integrated Circuits”, Oxford University Press, Indian Edition
6. Ramakant A. Gayakwad, “Op-Amps and Linear Integrated Circuits”, Pearson Prentice Hall, 4th Edition
7. R. F. Coughlin and F. F. Driscoll, “Operation Amplifiers and Linear Integrated Circuits”, Prentice Hall, 6th Edition
8. J. G. Graeme, G. E. Tobey and L. P. Huelsman, “Operational Amplifiers- Design & Applications”, New York: McGraw-Hill, Burr-Brown Research Corporation
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules
Business Communication and Ethics
Report Writing
Objectives of report writing
Language and style in a report
Types of reports
Formats of reports: Memo, letter, project and survey based
Technical Proposals
Objective of technical proposals
Parts of proposal
Introduction to Interpersonal Skills
Emotional Intelligence
Leadership
Team building
Assertiveness
Conflict Resolution
Negotiation Skills
Motivation
3.8
Time Management
Meetings and Documentation
Strategies for conducting effective meetings
Notice
4.3
Agenda
4.4
Minutes of the meeting
Introduction to Corporate Ethics and etiquettes
5.1
Business meeting etiquettes, interview etiquettes, professional and work etiquettes, social skills
5.2
Greetings and art of conversation
5.3
Dressing and grooming
5.4
Dinning etiquette
5.5
Ethical codes of conduct in business and corporate activities (Personal ethics, conflicting values, choosing a moral response the process of making ethical decisions)
Employment Skills
6.1
Cover letter
6.2
Resume
6.3
Group Discussion
6.4
Presentation Skills
6.5
Interview Skills
Reference Books:
1. Fred Luthans, “Organisational Behavior” , McGraw Hill, edition
2. Lesiker and Petit, “Report Writing for Business” , McGraw Hill, edition
3. Huckin and Olsen, “Technical Writing and Professional Communication”, McGraw Hill
4. Wallace and Masters, “Personal Development for Life and Work” , Thomson Learning, 12th edition
5. Heta Murphy, “Effective Business Communication”, McGraw Hill, edition
6. R.C Sharma and Krishna Mohan, “Business Correspondence and Report Writing”
7. B N Ghosh, “Managing Soft Skills for Personality Development”, Tata McGraw Hill.Lehman, Dufrene, Sinha, “BCOM”, Cengage Learning, 2nd edition
8. Bell . Smith,”Management Communication” Wiley India edition, 3rd edition.
Internal Assessment (IA): There will be no IA written examination End Semester Examination: There will be no ESE written examination. List of assignments: Term work shall consist of assignments as listed below:
1. Report writing (Synopsis or the first draft of the Report)
2. Technical Proposal (Group activity, document of the proposal
3. Interpersonal Skills (Group activity and Role play)
4. Interpersonal Skills (Documentation in the form of soft copy or hard copy)
5. Meetings and Documentation (Notice, Agenda, Minutes of Mock Meetings)
6. Corporate ethics and etiquettes (case study, Role play)
7. Cover Letter and Resume Printout of the Power Point presentation
The distribution of marks for term work shall be as follows.
1. Assignments – 20 marks
2. Project Report Presentation – 15 marks
3. Group Discussion – 10 marks
4. Attendance – 5 marks
At least total 08 assignments, project report presentation and group discussion covering entire syllabus must be given during the batch wise practical. The assignments and project work should be students’ centric and an attempt should be made to make assignments more meaningful, interesting and innovative. Term work assessment must be based on the overall performance of the student with every assignment / project / group discussion graded from time to time. The average of grades converted in to marks should be taken into account for term work assessment.
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