Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Semester 6 Syllabus


Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Semester 6 Syllabus

Digital Communication
Information theory and source coding
Block diagram and sub-system description of a digital communication system, measure of information and properties, entropy and it’s properties

Source Coding, Shannon’s Source Coding Theorem, Shannon-Fano Source Coding, Huffman Source Coding

ifferential Entropy, joint and conditional entropy, mutual information and channel capacity, channel coding theorem, channel capacity theorem
Baseband Modulation and Transmission
Discrete PAM signals and it’s power spectra
Inter-symbol interference, Nyquist criterion for zero ISI, sinusoidal roll-off filtering, correlative coding, equalizers, and eye pattern

Base band Detection

3.1
Orthogonality, representation of signals
3.2
Maximum likelihood decoding
3.3
Correlation receiver, equivalence with matched filter

Bandpass Modulation and Demodulation
4.1
Bandpass digital transmitter and receiver model, digital modulation schemes
4.2
Generation, detection, signal space diagram, spectrum, bandwidth efficiency, and probability of error analysis of: Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK), Frequency Shift Keying (FSK)Modulations, Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK) Modulation, Quaternary Phase Shift Keying QPSK), M-ary PSK Modulations, Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM), Minimum Shift Keying (MSK)
4.3
Comparison between bandwidth and bit rate, applications of digital modulation schemes

Error Control Systems
5.1
Types of error control, error control codes, linear block codes, vector spaces ,vector sub spaces, generator matrix, systematic linear block codes, parity check matrix, syndrome testing ,error correction, and decoder implementation
5.2
Cyclic codes: Algebraic structure of cyclic codes, binary cyclic code properties, encoding in systematic form, circuits for dividing polynomials, systematic encoding with shift register and error detection
5.3
Convolution Codes: Time domain and transform domain approach, graphical representation, code tree, trellis, state diagram, decoding methods, maximum likelihood decoding, and free distance
5.4
Viterbi decoding, hard decision Viterbi decoding , decoding window, soft decision Viterbi decoding, code spectra, recursive systematic codes, code transfer function, and application areas

Spread Spectrum

6.1
Spread Spectrum (SS) concept, PN Sequences, Direct Sequence(DS), Frequency Hopping (FH), and Time Hopping
6.2
Comparison of Spread Spectrum Methods, SS Communication System, DSSS with Coherent BPSK, Processing Gain, Probability of Error of FHSS Transmitter and FHSS Receiver

Recommended Books:
1. Sklar B, and Ray P. K., “Digital Communication: Fundamentals and applications,” Pearson, Dorling Kindersley (India), Delhi, Second Edition, 2009.
2. Haykin Simon, “Digital Communication Systems,” John Wiley and Sons, New Delhi, Forth Edition, 2014.
3. H. Taub, D. Schlling, and G. Saha, “Principles of Communication Systems,” Tata Mc-Graw Hill, New Delhi, Third Edition, 2012.
4. Lathi B P, and Ding Z., “Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems,” Oxford University Press, Forth Edition, 2009.
5. T L Singal, “Analog and Digital Communication,” Tata Mc-Graw Hill, New Delhi, First Edition, 2012.
6. P Ramakrishna Rao, “Digital Communication,” Tata Mc-Graw Hill, New Delhi, First Edition, 2011.
7. M F Mesiya, “Contempory Communication systems”, Mc-Graw Hill, Singapore, First Edition, 2013.
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules
 
Discrete Time Signal Processing
Transform Analysis of Linear Time Invariant System
1.1
Review of Z transform and its properties, response to sinusoidal and complex exponential signals, steady-state response to periodic input signals, response to aperiodic input signals, relationships between the system function and the frequency response function, computation of the frequency response function
1.2
LTI systems as frequency-selective filters like; low pass, high pass, band pass, notch, comb, all-Pass filters, and digital resonators.
1.3
Invertibility of LTI systems, minimum-phase, maximum-phase, mixed-phase systems
The Discrete Fourier Transform and Efficient Computation.
2.1
Frequency domain sampling and reconstruction of discrete time signals, discrete Fourier transform (DFT), DFT as a linear transformation, properties of the DFT, relationship of the DFT to other transforms
2.2
Fast Fourier Transform: Radix-2 and split-radix fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithms and their applications
2.3
Quantization effects in the computation of the DFT
Design of Digital filters and Implementation
3.1
Design of Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) filters using impulse invariant method and bilinear transformation method, Butterworth and Chebyshev filter approximation.
3.2
Concepts of Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filter, symmetric and anti symmetric FIR filter, FIR filter design using window method and frequency sampling method.
3.3
Realization structures for IIR and FIR filters using direct form structures, cascade, parallel structures, and lattice, ladder structure (only conceptual understanding)

Multi rate Signal Processing
4.1
Decimation by a factor D, interpolation by I, sampling rate conversion by a rational factor I/D
4.2
Polyphase filter structures, interchange of filers and down samplers/up samplers, sampling rate conversion with cascade integrator comb filters, polyphase structures for decimation and interpolation filters, structures for rational sampling rate conversion
4.3
Multistage implementation of sampling rate conversion.
4.4
Sampling rate conversion of band pass signals
4.5
Sampling rate conversion by an arbitrary factor – arbitrary re-sampling with polyphase interpolators, narrow band filter structures.
4.6
Application of Multirate Signal Processing for design of phase shifters, interfacing of digital systems with different sampling rates, implementation of narrowband low pass filters, sub band coding of speech signals
Analysis of Finite Word length effects
5.1
Quantization process and errors, quantization of fixed-point numbers, quantization of floating-point numbers, analysis of coefficient quantization effects
5.2
A/D Conversion Noise Analysis, Analysis of Arithmetic Round-Off Errors and dynamic range scaling Applications of Digital Signal processing:
6.1
Dual –Tone multi frequency signal detection, spectral analysis of sinusoidal signals, spectral analysis of non stationary signals, and spectral analysis of random signals
6.2
Musical sound processing, digital music synthesis, discrete time analytic signal generation.
6.3
Trans-multiplexers, oversampling ADC and DAC and sparse antenna array design

Recommended Books:
1. Alan V. Oppenheim and Ronald Schafer, “Discrete Time Signal Processing”, Pearson Education
2. J. Proakis, D. G. Manolakis, and D. Sharma, “Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Applications”, Pearson Education.
3. P.P. Vaidyanathan, “Multirate Systems and Filter Banks”, Pearson.
4. Robert Schilling and Sandra Harris, “Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing using MATLAB”, Cengage Learning.
5. Sanjit K.Mitra, “Digital Signal Processing”, McGrawHill education
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules
 
Computer Communication Networks
Network Architectures, Protocol layers, and their Service Models: 04 1.1 OSI-RM model and TCP/IP protocol 2 Principles of Network Applications: 10 2.1 Application layer protocols such as HTTP, FTP, and SMTP. 2.2 Peer-to-Peer File Sharing Protocols and Architectures 2.3 ISPs and Domain name systems, Socket API and network socket programming 3 3.1 Reliable and Unreliable Transport-layer protocols: 10 3.2 TCP and UDP, Port numbers, Multiplexing and de-multiplexing 3.3 Flow control and congestion control. fairness delay, jitter, and loss in packet-switched networks 3.4 Bandwidth, throughput, and quality-of-service 4 4.1 Network layer Services and Protocols 10 4.2 Switching fabric, routing and forwarding, queues and buffering 4.3 Virtual-circuit and datagram networks, internet protocol. IPv4 and IPv6 tunneling 4.4 Link State and Distance Vector algorithms, Routing in the Internet RIP, OSPF, and BGP 4.5 Broadcast and multicast, handling mobility 5 Data link layer Services and Protocols: 10 5.1 Link-layer and its services, Ethernet, hubs, bridges, and switches 5.2 Link-layer addressing, ATM and MPLS 5.3 Local area networks and IEEE 802.11 wireless LANs, multiple-access protocols. Random access, efficiency of pure and slotted ALOHA, CSMA, CSMA/CD, and CSMA/CA 6 Introduction to Physical-layer Services and Systems 08 6.1 Introduction to physical media, Coax, fiber, twisted pair, DSL, HFC, WiMax, cellular, satellite, and telephone networks, bit transmission, frequency division multiplexing. time division multiplexing
Recommended Books:
1. Andrew Tanenbaum, “Computer Networks”, PHI New Dehli,
2. Natalia Olifer and Victor Olifer, “ Computer Networks”, Wiley India,New Delhi
3. J. F. Kurose and K. W. Ross, “Computer Networking: A Top-Down Approach”, Pearson Publication , 5th Edition, March 2009
4. L.Garcia et al, “Communication Networks”, McGraw Hill Publication, 2nd Edition
5. B. Forouzan, “Data Communication and Networking”, McGraw Hill Publication, 5th edition.
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3 Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules.
Television Engineering
Fundamentals of Analog T V system 10 1.1 Transmitter and receiver- block diagram approach, interlaced scanning, composite video signal, VSB transmission and reception (CCIR-B standards) 1.2 Camera tubes: basic principle ,Vidicon and Image orthicon 2 Color T V 2.1 Compatibility considerations, Color theory, chromaticity diagram, generation of color TV signals, luminance signal, chrominance signal, frequency interleaving process, color subcarrier frequency. 10 2.2 NTSC system- transmitter and receiver, PAL system- transmitter and receiver 3 Fundamental Concept of Digital Video 12 3.1 Digitization, pixel array, scanning notation, viewing distance and angle, aspect ratio, frame rate and refresh rate. 3.2 Raster scanning, scan line waveform, interlace, scanning standards. 3.3 Sync structure, data rate, linearity, bandwidth and data rate, resolution, luma, color difference coding, chroma sub sampling 3.4 Component digital video, composite video 4 Advanced TV systems 6 4.1 Digital video and audio signals 4.2 MAC signal, D2-MAC/packet signal, MAC decoding and interfacing, advantages of MAC signal 4.3 Direct-to-home TV(DTH) 5 High definition televisions 8 5.1 High definition TV systems, HDTV standards and compatibility, resolution and working. 5.2 Wide dimensions high definition TV 5.3 Standards of wide dimensions HDTV 5.4 MUSE system 6 Displays 6 6.1 Principle, working, advantages and disadvantages of Plasma, LED,LCD
Recommended Books:
1. Gulati R.R, “ Monochrome and Color Television,” Wiley Eastern Limited publication.
2. R.G.Gupta , “Television and Video Engineering”, Tata Mc Graw Hill publication.
3. Dhake A.M, “Television and Video Engineering”, Tata McGraw Hill publication.
4. Keith Jack, “Video Demystified”, 4e, , Elsevier
5. Charles Poynton, “San Francisco, Digital video and HDTV, Algorithms And Interfaces,” Morgan Kaufmann publishers, 2003.
6. Stan Prentiss, “High Definition TV”, second edition, , Tata McGraw Hill publication
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3: Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4: Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules.
 
Operating System
Fundamental of Operating System(OS)
1.1
Definition, objectives, functions, evolution, services, types, and different views of OS
Operating System as a resource manager, system calls, and shell
1.3
Monolithic systems, layered systems, client server model, monolithic kernel and microkernel
Process Management and Memory Management
2.1
Process, process creation, process control block, process states, process state transition diagram
2.2
Scheduling queues and schedulers, preemptive and non- preemptive scheduling algorithms, types of threads, multithreading models
2.3
Race condition, critical section, mutual exclusion, semaphores, monitors
2.4
Multiprogramming with fixed and variable partitions, memory allocation strategies
Logical and physical address space, paging and segmentation
Concept, performance of demand paging, page replacement algorithms.
Deadlock Problem, deadlock characterization, deadlock prevention and deadlock avoidance deadlock detection and recovery
File Management and Input Output Management
le Naming, File Structure, File Types, File Access, File Attributes, File Operations, Memory Mapped Files, Implementing Files, contiguous allocation, linked list allocation, indexed allocations, Inode
3.2
Single level directory system, Two level directory system, Hierarchical Directory System
3.3
Principles of Input/output H/W: I/O Devices, Device Controllers, Direct Memory Access.
3.4
Principles of Input/output S/W: Goals Of I/O S/W, Interrupt Handler, Device Driver, Device Independent I/O Software
Disks : RAID levels, Disks Arm Scheduling Algorithms
Management of free blocks.
Unix Operating System
History of UNIX, UNIX Goals, Unix Shell, interfaces to Unix, UNIX utility programs
Traditional UNIX Kernel, Modern UNIX Systems
Unix process management: Concept, Scheduling in Unix

Unix Memory management: Paging, Page replacement strategies
Unix file management: I-node, File allocation, I/O management
Unix Security measures
Linux Operating System
5.1
History, Linux Processes and Thread management
5.2
Scheduling in Linux, Linux System calls
5.3
Memory management: Virtual memory, Buddy Algorithm, Page replacement policy
5.4
Linux File System
5.5
I/O management: Disk Scheduling
5.6
Advantages of Linux and Unix over Windows Real Time Operating System(RTOS)
6.1
Introduction, Characteristics of real-time operating systems
6.2
Real Time task Scheduling, Modeling Timing constraints, Table-driven scheduling
6.3
Cyclic schedulers
6.4
Earliest Deadline First (EDF) scheduling
6.5
Rate Monotonic Algorithm( RMA)

Recommended Books: 1. Tanenbaum, “Modern Operating Systems”, IIIrd Edition, PHI 2. Silberschatz A., Galvin P., and Gagne G, “Operating Systems Concepts”, VIIIth Edition Wiley. 3. William Stallings, “Operating System-Internal & Design Principles”, VIth Edition, , Pearson 4. Rajib Mall, “Real-Time Systems: Theory and Practice,” Pearson, 2008.
5. Maurice J. Bach, “The Design of Unix Operating System”, Prentine Hall
6. Achyut S. Godbole, “Operating Systems”, 2nd edition, Tata McGraw Hill
7. Richard Blum and Christine Bresnahan, “Linux Command Line & Shell Scripting”, 2nd edition, Wiley
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules.
 
VLSI Design
MOSFET Fabrication and Scaling
1.1
Fabrication: Fabrication process flow for NMOS and CMOS, CMOS Latch-up
1.2
MOSFET Scaling: Types of scaling, short channel effects, Level 1 and Level 2 MOSFET Models
1.3
Layout: Lambda based design rules, MOSFET capacitances
MOSFET Inverters
2.1
Circuit Analysis: Static and dynamic analysis (Noise, propagation delay and power dissipation) of resistive load and CMOS inverter. Comparison of all types of MOS inverters. Design of CMOS inverters and its layout.
Logic Circuit Design: Analysis and design of 2-I/P NAND and NOR using equivalent CMOS inverter.
MOS Circuit Design Styles
3.1
Design Styles: Static CMOS, Pass Transistor Logic, Transmission Gate, Pseudo NMOS, Domino, NORA, Zipper, C2MOS
3.2
Circuit Realization: SR Latch, JK FF, D FF, 1 Bit Shift Register, MUX, Decoder using above design styles and their layouts
Semiconductor Memories
4.1
SRAM: ROM Array, SRAM (operation, design strategy, leakage currents, read/write circuits), DRAM (Operation 3T, 1T, operation modes, leakage currents, refresh operation, Input-Output circuits), Flash (mechanism, NOR flash, NAND flash), layout of SRAM and DRAM
4.2
Peripheral Circuits: Sense Amplifier, Decoder
Data Path Design
5.1
Adder: Bit adder circuits, Ripple carry adder, CLA adder
5.2
Multipliers and shifter: Partial-product generation, partial-product accumulation, final addition, Barrel Shifter

VLSI Clocking and System design
6.1
Clocking: CMOS clocking styles, Clock generation, stabilization and distribution
6.2
Low Power CMOS Circuits: Various components of power dissipation in CMOS, Limits on low power design, low power design through voltage scaling.
6.3
IO pads and Power Distribution: ESD protection, Input circuits, Output circuits, Simultaneous switching noise, power distribution scheme
6.4
Interconnect: Interconnect delay model, interconnect scaling and crosstalk

Recommended Books:
1. Sung-Mo Kang and Yusuf Leblebici, “CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits Analysis and Design”, Tata McGraw Hill, 3rd Edition, 2012.
2. Jan M. Rabaey, Anantha Chandrakasan and Borivoje Nikolic, “Digital Integrated Circuits: A Design Perspective”, Pearson Education, 2nd Edition.
3. John P. Uyemura, “Introduction to VLSI Circuits and Systems”, Wiley, Student Edition, 2013.
4. Neil H. E. Weste, David Harris and Ayan Banerjee, “CMOS VLSI Design: A Circuits and Systems Perspective”, Pearson Education, 3rd Edition.
5. R. Jacob Baker, “CMOS Circuit Design, Layout and Simulation”, Wiley, 2nd Edition, 2013
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of two tests should be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions for 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules.
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