# Anna University Semester 2 Engineering syllabus

**Anna University Semester 2 Engineering syllabus – **The syllabus for Anna university for Bachelors degree courses related to all common branches of Engineering and technology B.E or B.tech in the second semester has the same subjects as the first semester.There are mathematics 2 and the difficult subjects of Engineering Mechanics and B.EE.

Contents

## Anna University Semester 2 Engineering syllabus

## Technical English 2

UNIT I 9+3

18

Listening – Listening to informal conversations and participating; Speaking – Opening a

conversation (greetings, comments on topics like weather) – Turn taking – Closing a conversation

(excuses, general wish, positive comment, thanks); Reading – Developing analytical skills,

Deductive and inductive reasoning – Extensive reading; Writing – Effective use of SMS for sending

short notes and messages – Using „emoticons? as symbols in email messages; Grammar –

Regular and irregular verbs – Active and passive voice; Vocabulary – Homonyms (e.g. „can?) –

Homophones (e.g. „some?, „sum?); E-materials – Interactive exercise on Grammar and vocabulary –

blogging; Language Lab – Listening to different types of conversation and answering questions.

UNIT II 9+3

Listening – Listening to situation based dialogues; Speaking – Conversation practice in real life

situations, asking for directions (using polite expressions), giving directions (using imperative

sentences), Purchasing goods from a shop, Discussing various aspects of a film (they have

already seen) or a book (they have already read); Reading – Reading a short story or an article

from newspaper, Critical reading, Comprehension skills; Writing – Writing a review / summary of a

story / article, Personal letter (Inviting your friend to a function, congratulating someone for his /

her success, thanking one?s friends / relatives); Grammar – modal verbs, Purpose expressions;

Vocabulary – Phrasal verbs and their meanings, Using phrasal verbs in sentences; E-materials –

Interactive exercises on Grammar and vocabulary, Extensive reading activity (reading stories /

novels), Posting reviews in blogs – Language Lab – Dialogues (Fill up exercises), Recording

students? dialogues.

UNIT III 9+3

Listening – Listening to the conversation – Understanding the structure of conversations; Speaking

– Conversation skills with a sense of stress, intonation, pronunciation and meaning – Seeking

information – expressing feelings (affection, anger, regret, etc.); Reading – Speed reading –

reading passages with time limit – Skimming; Writing – Minutes of meeting – format and practice in

the preparation of minutes – Writing summary after reading articles from journals – Format for

journal articles – elements of technical articles (abstract, introduction, methodology, results,

discussion, conclusion, appendices, references) – Writing strategies; Grammar – Conditional

clauses – Cause and effect expressions; Vocabulary – Words used as nouns and verbs without

any change in the spelling (e.g. „rock?, „train?, „ring?); E-materials – Interactive exercise on Grammar

and vocabulary – Speed Reading practice exercises; Language Lab – Intonation practice using

EFLU and RIE materials – Attending a meeting and writing minutes.

UNIT IV 9+3

Listening – Listening to a telephone conversation, Viewing model interviews (face-to-face,

telephonic and video conferencing); Speaking – Role play practice in telephone skills – listening

and responding, -asking questions, -note taking – passing on messages, Role play and mock

interview for grasping interview skills; Reading – Reading the job advertisements and the profile of

the company concerned – scanning; Writing – Applying for a job – cover letter – résumé

preparation – vision, mission and goals of the candidate; Grammar – Numerical expressions –

Connectives (discourse markers); Vocabulary – Idioms and their meanings – using idioms in

sentences; E-materials – Interactive exercises on Grammar and Vocabulary – Different forms of

résumés- Filling up a résumé / cover letter; Language Lab – Telephonic interview – recording the

responses – e-résumé writing.

UNIT V 9+3

Listening – Viewing a model group discussion and reviewing the performance of each participant –

Identifying the characteristics of a good listener; Speaking – Group discussion skills – initiating the

discussion – exchanging suggestions and proposals – expressing dissent/agreement –

assertiveness in expressing opinions – mind mapping technique; Reading – Note making skills –

making notes from books, or any form of written materials – Intensive reading; Writing – Checklist

– Types of reports – Feasibility / Project report – report format – recommendations / suggestions –

interpretation of data (using charts for effective presentation); Grammar – Use of clauses;

Vocabulary – Collocation; E-materials – Interactive grammar and vocabulary exercises – Sample

19

GD – Pictures for discussion, Interactive grammar and vocabulary exercises; Language Lab –

Different models of group discussion

## Mathematics 2

UNIT I VECTOR CALCULUS 9+3

Gradient, divergence and curl – Directional derivative – Irrotational and solenoidal vector fields –

Vector integration – Green?s theorem in a plane, Gauss divergence theorem and Stokes? theorem

(excluding proofs) – Simple applications involving cubes and rectangular parallelopipeds.

UNIT II ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9+3

Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients – Method of variation of

parameters – Cauchy?s and Legendre?s linear equations – Simultaneous first order linear

equations with constant coefficients.

UNIT III LAPLACE TRANSFORM 9+3

Laplace transform – Sufficient condition for existence – Transform of elementary functions – Basic

properties – Transforms of derivatives and integrals of functions – Derivatives and integrals of

transforms – Transforms of unit step function and impulse functions – Transform of periodic

functions. Inverse Laplace transform -Statement of Convolution theorem – Initial and final value

theorems – Solution of linear ODE of second order with constant coefficients using Laplace

transformation techniques.

UNIT IV ANALYTIC FUNCTIONS 9+3

Functions of a complex variable – Analytic functions: Necessary conditions – Cauchy-Riemann

equations and sufficient conditions (excluding proofs) – Harmonic and orthogonal properties of

analytic function – Harmonic conjugate – Construction of analytic functions – Conformal mapping:

w = z+k, kz, 1/z, z2

, ez and bilinear transformation.

UNIT V COMPLEX INTEGRATION 9+3

Complex integration – Statement and applications of Cauchy?s integral theorem and Cauchy?s

integral formula – Taylor?s and Laurent?s series expansions – Singular points – Residues –

Cauchy?s residue theorem – Evaluation of real definite integrals as contour integrals around unit

circle and semi-circle (excluding poles on the real axis).

## Engineering Physics 2

UNIT I CONDUCTING MATERIALS 9

Conductors – classical free electron theory of metals – Electrical and thermal conductivity –

Wiedemann – Franz law – Lorentz number – Draw backs of classical theory – Quantum theory –

Fermi distribution function – Effect of temperature on Fermi Function – Density of energy states –

carrier concentration in metals.

UNIT II SEMICONDUCTING MATERIALS 9

Intrinsic semiconductor – carrier concentration derivation – Fermi level – Variation of Fermi level

with temperature – electrical conductivity – band gap determination – compound semiconductors –

direct and indirect band gap- derivation of carrier concentration in n-type and p-type

semiconductor – variation of Fermi level with temperature and impurity concentration –– Hall effect

–Determination of Hall coefficient – Applications.

UNIT III MAGNETIC AND SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS 9

Origin of magnetic moment – Bohr magneton – comparison of Dia, Para and Ferro magnetism –

Domain theory – Hysteresis – soft and hard magnetic materials – antiferromagnetic materials –

Ferrites and its applications

Superconductivity: properties – Type I and Type II superconductors – BCS theory of

superconductivity(Qualitative) – High Tc superconductors – Applications of superconductors –

SQUID, cryotron, magnetic levitation.

UNIT IV DIELECTRIC MATERIALS 9

22

Electrical susceptibility – dielectric constant – electronic, ionic, orientational and space charge

polarization – frequency and temperature dependence of polarisation – internal field – Claussius –

Mosotti relation (derivation) – dielectric loss – dielectric breakdown – uses of dielectric materials

(capacitor and transformer) – ferroelectricity and applications.

UNIT V ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS 9

Metallic glasses: preparation, properties and applications. Shape memory alloys (SMA):

Characteristics, properties of NiTi alloy, application, Nanomaterials– Preparation -pulsed laser

deposition – chemical vapour deposition – Applications – NLO materials –Birefringence- optical

Kerr effect – Classification of Biomaterials and its applications

## Engineering Chemistry 2

UNIT I WATER TECHNOLOGY 9

Introduction to boiler feed water-requirements-formation of deposits in steam boilers and heat

exchangers- disadvantages (wastage of fuels, decrease in efficiency, boiler explosion) prevention

of scale formation -softening of hard water -external treatment zeolite and demineralization –

internal treatment- boiler compounds (phosphate, calgon, carbonate, colloidal) – caustic

embrittlement -boiler corrosion-priming and foaming- desalination of brackish water –reverse

osmosis.

UNIT II ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND CORROSION 9

Electrochemical cell – redox reaction, electrode potential- origin of electrode potential- oxidation

potential- reduction potential, measurement and applications – electrochemical series and its

significance – Nernst equation (derivation and problems). Corrosion- causes- factors- typeschemical,

electrochemical corrosion (galvanic, differential aeration), corrosion control – material

selection and design aspects – electrochemical protection – sacrificial anode method and

impressed current cathodic method. Paints- constituents and function. Electroplating of Copper

and electroless plating of nickel.

UNIT III ENERGY SOURCES 9

23

Introduction- nuclear energy- nuclear fission- controlled nuclear fission- nuclear fusion- differences

between nuclear fission and fusion- nuclear chain reactions- nuclear reactor power generatorclassification

of nuclear reactor- light water reactor- breeder reactor- solar energy conversionsolar

cells- wind energy. Batteries and fuel cells:Types of batteries- alkaline battery- lead storage

battery- nickel-cadmium battery- lithium battery- fuel cell H2 -O2 fuel cell- applications.

UNIT IV ENGINEERING MATERIALS 9

Abrasives: definition, classification or types, grinding wheel, abrasive paper and cloth.

Refractories: definition, characteristics, classification, properties – refractoriness and RUL,

dimensional stability, thermal spalling, thermal expansion, porosity; Manufacture of alumina,

magnesite and silicon carbide, Portland cement- manufacture and properties – setting and

hardening of cement, special cement- waterproof and white cement–properties and uses. Glass –

manufacture, types, properties and uses.

UNIT V FUELS AND COMBUSTION 9

Fuel: Introduction- classification of fuels- calorific value- higher and lower calorific values- coalanalysis

of coal (proximate and ultimate)- carbonization- manufacture of metallurgical coke (Otto

Hoffmann method) – petroleum- manufacture of synthetic petrol (Bergius process)- knockingoctane

number – diesel oil- cetane number – natural gas- compressed natural gas(CNG)- liquefied

petroleum gases(LPG)- producer gas- water gas. Power alcohol and bio diesel. Combustion of

fuels: introduction- theoretical calculation of calorific value- calculation of stoichiometry of fuel and

air ratio- ignition temperature- explosive range – flue gas analysis (ORSAT Method).

## Basic Electricity and Electronics

UNIT I ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS & MEASURMENTS 12

24

Ohm?s Law – Kirchoff?s Laws – Steady State Solution of DC Circuits – Introduction to AC Circuits –

Waveforms and RMS Value – Power and Power factor – Single Phase and Three Phase Balanced

Circuits.

Operating Principles of Moving Coil and Moving Iron Instruments (Ammeters and Voltmeters),

Dynamometer type Watt meters and Energy meters.

UNIT II ELECTRICAL MECHANICS 12

Construction, Principle of Operation, Basic Equations and Applications of DC Generators, DC

Motors, Single Phase Transformer, single phase induction Motor.

UNIT III SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND APPLICATIONS 12

Characteristics of PN Junction Diode – Zener Effect – Zener Diode and its Characteristics – Half

wave and Full wave Rectifiers – Voltage Regulation.

Bipolar Junction Transistor – CB, CE, CC Configurations and Characteristics – Elementary

Treatment of Small Signal Amplifier.

UNIT IV DIGITAL ELECTRONICS 12

Binary Number System – Logic Gates – Boolean Algebra – Half and Full Adders – Flip-Flops –

Registers and Counters – A/D and D/A Conversion (single concepts)

UNIT V FUNDAMENTALS OF COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING 12

Types of Signals: Analog and Digital Signals – Modulation and Demodulation: Principles of

Amplitude and Frequency Modulations.

Communication Systems: Radio, TV, Fax, Microwave, Satellite and Optical Fibre (Block Diagram

Approach only).

## Engineering Mechanics

UNIT I BASICS AND STATICS OF PARTICLES 12

Introduction – Units and Dimensions – Laws of Mechanics – Lami?s theorem, Parallelogram and

triangular Law of forces –– Vectorial representation of forces – Vector operations of forces –

additions, subtraction, dot product, cross product – Coplanar Forces – rectangular components –

Equilibrium of a particle – Forces in space – Equilibrium of a particle in space – Equivalent

systems of forces – Principle of transmissibility .

25

UNIT II EQUILIBRIUM OF RIGID BODIES 12

Free body diagram – Types of supports –Action and reaction forces –stable equilibrium –

Moments and Couples – Moment of a force about a point and about an axis – Vectorial

representation of moments and couples – Scalar components of a moment – Varignon?s theorem

– Single equivalent force -Equilibrium of Rigid bodies in two dimensions – Equilibrium of Rigid

bodies in three dimensions

UNIT III PROPERTIES OF SURFACES AND SOLIDS 12

Centroids and centre of mass– Centroids of lines and areas – Rectangular, circular, triangular

areas by integration – T section, I section, – Angle section, Hollow section by using standard

formula –Theorems of Pappus – Area moments of inertia of plane areas – Rectangular, circular,

triangular areas by integration – T section, I section, Angle section, Hollow section by using

standard formula – Parallel axis theorem and perpendicular axis theorem –Principal moments of

inertia of plane areas – Principal axes of inertia-Mass moment of inertia –mass moment of inertia

for prismatic, cylindrical and spherical solids from first principle – Relation to area moments of

inertia.

UNIT IV DYNAMICS OF PARTICLES 12

Displacements, Velocity and acceleration, their relationship – Relative motion – Curvilinear motion

– Newton?s laws of motion – Work Energy Equation– Impulse and Momentum – Impact of elastic

bodies.

UNIT V FRICTION AND ELEMENTS OF RIGID BODY DYNAMICS 12

Friction force – Laws of sliding friction – equilibrium analysis of simple systems with sliding friction

–wedge friction-. Rolling resistance -Translation and Rotation of Rigid Bodies – Velocity and

acceleration – General Plane motion of simple rigid bodies such as cylinder, disc/wheel and

sphere