# Anna University Semester 5 Civil Engineering Syllabus

Anna University Semester 5 Civil Engineering Syllabus – The fifth semester syllabus for Civil Engineering at Anna University bachelors degree course in B.E and Btech gives us the introduction to Structural Analysis that is extremely important to Civil Branch.There are a few theory subject also that make this semester easy to clear like Environmental engineering and construction techniques.

## Structural Analysis 1

UNIT I INDETERMINATE FRAMES 9
Degree of static and kinematic indeterminacies for plane frames – analysis of indeterminate
pin-jointed frames – rigid frames (Degree of statical indeterminacy up to two) – Energy and
consistent deformation methods.
UNIT II MOVING LOADS AND INFLUENCE LINES 9
Influence lines for reactions in statically determinate structures – influence lines for member forces
in pin-jointed frames – Influence lines for shear force and bending moment in beam sections –
Calculation of critical stress resultants due to concentrated and distributed moving loads.
Muller Breslau?s principle – Influence lines for continuous beams and single storey rigid frames –
Indirect model analysis for influence lines of indeterminate structures – Beggs deformeter
UNIT III ARCHES 9
Arches as structural forms – Examples of arch structures – Types of arches – Analysis of three
hinged, two hinged and fixed arches, parabolic and circular arches – Settlement and temperature
effects.
UNIT IV SLOPE DEFLECTION METHOD 9
Continuous beams and rigid frames (with and without sway) – Symmetry and antisymmetry –
Simplification for hinged end – Support displacements
UNIT V MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD 9
Distribution and carryover of moments – Stiffness and carry over factors – Analysis of continuous
beams – Plane rigid frames with and without sway – Neylor?s simplification

## Foundation Engineering

UNIT I SITE INVESTIGATION AND SELECTION OF FOUNDATION 9
Scope and objectives – Methods of exploration – auguring and boring – Wash boring and rotary
drilling – Depth of boring – Spacing of bore hole – Sampling techniques – Representative and
undisturbed sampling – methods – Split spoon sampler, Thin wall sampler, Stationery piston
sampler – Penetration tests (SPT and SCPT) – Bore log report – Data interpretation – strength
parameters and Liquefaction potential – Selection of foundation based on soil condition.
UNIT II SHALLOW FOUNDATION 9
Introduction – Location and depth of foundation – Codal provisions – bearing capacity of shallow
foundation on homogeneous deposits – Terzaghi?s formula and BIS formula – factors affecting
bearing capacity – problems – Bearing capacity from in-situ tests (SPT, SCPT and plate
load)Allowable bearing pressure – Seismic considerations in bearing capacity evaluation.
Determination of Settlement of foundations on granular and clay deposits – Total and differential
settlement – Allowable settlements – Codal provision – Methods of minimizing total and differential
settlements.
UNIT III FOOTINGS AND RAFTS 9
Types of footings – Contact pressure distribution: Isolated footing – Combined footings – Types
and proportioning – Mat foundation – Types and applications – Proportioning – Floating foundation
– Seismic force consideration – Codal Provision.
UNIT IV PILE FOUNDATION 9
Types of piles and their function – Factors influencing the selection of pile – Carrying capacity of
single pile in granular and cohesive soil – static formula – dynamic formulae (Engineering news
and Hileys) – Capacity from insitu tests (SPT and SCPT) – Negative skin friction – uplift capacityGroup
capacity by different methods (Feld?s rule, Converse – Labarra formula and block failure
criterion) – Settlement of pile groups – Interpretation of pile load test (routine test only) – Under
reamed piles – Capacity under compression and uplift.
UNIT V RETAINING WALLS 9
Plastic equilibrium in soils – active and passive states – Rankine?s theory – cohesionless and
cohesive soil – Coulomb?s wedge theory – Condition for critical failure plane – Earth pressure on
retaining walls of simple configurations – Culmann Graphical method – pressure on the wall due to
line load – Stability analysis of retaining walls.

## Environmental Engineering 1

UNIT I PLANNING FOR WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM 8
Public water supply system -Planning – Objectives -Design period – Population forecasting -Water
demand -Sources of water and their characteristics -Surface and Groundwater- Impounding
Reservoir Well hydraulics -Development and selection of source – Water quality – Characterization
and standards- Impact of climate change.
UNIT II CONVEYANCE SYSTEM 7
Water supply -intake structures -Functions and drawings -Pipes and conduits for water- Pipe
materials – Hydraulics of flow in pipes -Transmission main design -Laying, jointing and testing of
pipes – Drawings appurtenances – Types and capacity of pumps -Selection of pumps and pipe
materials.
UNIT III WATER TREATMENT 12
Objectives – Unit operations and processes – Principles, functions design and drawing of Chemical
feeding, Flash mixers, flocculators, sedimentation tanks and sand filters – Disinfection- Residue
Management – Construction and Operation & Maintenance aspects of Water Treatment Plants.
UNIT IV ADVANCED WATER TREATMENT 9
Principles and functions of Aeration – Iron and manganese removal, Defluoridation and
demineralization -Water softening – Desalination – Membrane Systems – Recent advances.
50
UNITV WATER DISTRIBUTION AND SUPPLY TO BUILDINGS 9
Requirements of water distribution -Components -Service reservoirs -Functions and drawings –
Network design -Economics -Computer applications -Analysis of distribution networks –
Appurtenances -operation and maintenance -Leak detection, Methods. Principles of design of
water supply in buildings -House service connection -Fixtures and fittings -Systems of plumbing
and drawings of types of plumbing.

## Highway engineering

UNIT I HIGHWAY PLANNING AND ALIGNMENT 8
Significance of highway planning – Modal limitations towards sustainability – History of road
development in India – Classification of highways – Locations and functions – Factors influencing
highway alignment – Soil suitability analysis – Road ecology – Engineering surveys for alignment,
objectives, conventional and modern methods.
UNIT II GEOMETRIC DESIGN OF HIGHWAYS 12
Typical cross sections of Urban and Rural roads –– Cross sectional elements – Sight distances –
Horizontal curves, Super elevation, transition curves, widening at curves – Vertical curves –
Gradients, Special consideration for hill roads – Hairpin bends – Lateral and vertical clearance at
underpasses.
UNIT III DESIGN OF FLEXIBLE AND RIGID PAVEMENTS 9
Design principles – pavement components and their role – Design practice for flexible and rigid
Pavements (IRC methods only) – Embankments .
UNIT IV HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND PRACTICE 8
Highway construction materials, properties, testing methods – CBR Test for subgrade – tests on
aggregate & bitumen – Construction practice including modern materials and methods,
Bituminous and Concrete road construction, Polymer modified bitumen, Recycling, Different
materials – Glass, Fiber, Plastic, Geo-Textiles, Geo-Membrane (problem not included) – Quality
control measures – Highway drainage –– Construction machineries.
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UNIT V EVALUATION AND MAINTENANCE OF PAVEMENTS 8
Pavement distress in flexible and rigid pavements – Pavement Management Systems –
Pavement evaluation, roughness, present serviceability index, skid resistance, structural
evaluation, evaluation by deflection measurements – Strengthening of pavements –Types of
maintenance – Highway Project formulation.

## DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE ELEMENTS

UNIT I METHODS OF DESIGN OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES 9
Concept of Elastic method, ultimate load method and limit state method – Advantages of Limit
State Method over other methods – Design codes and specification – Limit State philosophy as
detailed in IS code – Design of beams and slabs by working stress method.
UNIT II LIMIT STATE DESIGN FOR FLEXURE 9
Analysis and design of singly and doubly reinforced rectangular and flanged beams – Analysis and
design of one way, two way and continuous slabs subjected to uniformly distributed load for
various boundary conditions.
UNIT III LIMIT STATE DESIGN FOR BOND, ANCHORAGE SHEAR & TORSION 9
Behaviour of RC members in bond and Anchorage – Design requirements as per current code –
Behaviour of RC beams in shear and torsion – Design of RC members for combined bending shear
and torsion.
UNIT IV LIMIT STATE DESIGN OF COLUMNS 9
Types of columns – Braced and unbraced columns – Design of short Rectangular and circular
columns for axial, uniaxial and biaxial bending.
52
UNIT V LIMIT STATE DESIGN OF FOOTING 9
Design of wall footing – Design of axially and eccentrically loaded rectangular pad and sloped
footings – Design of combined rectangular footing for two columns only

## CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES, EQUIPMENT AND PRACTICE

UNIT I CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY 9
Cements – Grade of cements – concrete chemicals and Applications – Grade of concrete –
manufacturing of concrete – Batching – mixing – transporting – placing – compaction of concrete –
curing and finishing – Testing of fresh and hardened concrete – quality of concrete – Extreme
Weather Concreting – Ready Mix Concrete – Non-destructive testing.
UNIT II CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES 9
Specifications, details and sequence of activities and construction co-ordination – Site Clearance –
Marking – Earthwork – masonry – stone masonry – Bond in masonry – concrete hollow block
masonry – flooring – damp proof courses – construction joints – movement and expansion joints –
pre cast pavements – Building foundations – basements – temporary shed – centering and
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shuttering – slip forms – scaffoldings – de-shuttering forms – Fabrication and erection of steel
trusses – frames – braced domes – laying brick –– weather and water proof – roof finishes –
acoustic and fire protection.
UNIT III SUB STRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION 9
Techniques of Box jacking – Pipe Jacking -under water construction of diaphragm walls and
basement-Tunneling techniques – Piling techniques – well and caisson – sinking cofferdam – cable
anchoring and grouting-driving diaphragm walls, sheet piles – shoring for deep cutting – well points
-Dewatering and stand by Plant equipment for underground open excavation.
UNIT IV SUPER STRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION 9
Launching girders, bridge decks, off shore platforms – special forms for shells – techniques for
heavy decks – in-situ pre-stressing in high rise structures, Material handling – erecting light weight
components on tall structures – Support structure for heavy Equipment and conveyors -Erection of
articulated structures, braced domes and space decks.
UNIT V CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT 9
Selection of equipment for earth work – earth moving operations – types of earthwork equipment –
tractors, motor graders, scrapers, front end waders, earth movers – Equipment for foundation and
pile driving. Equipment for compaction, batching and mixing and concreting – Equipment for
material handling and erection of structures – Equipment for dredging, trenching, tunneling,