# Biomedical Engineering Semester 4 Syllabus 2018

Biomedical Engineering Semester 4 Syllabus 2018 – The fourth semester syllabus of Biomedical engineering of Mumbai University bachelors degree B.E has three subjects that are in common with electrical engineering branch.These are Digital Electronics,Applied mathematics 4 and control systems that has lot of overlapping topics.

## Biomedical Engineering Semester 4 Syllabus 2018

### BMC401 Applied Mathematics IV

Course

University of Mumbai, Biomedical Engineering, Rev. 2016-17 Page 38
1 Calculus of Variation: 06
1.1 Euler‘s Langrange equation, solution of Euler‘s Langrange equation
(only results for different cases for Function) independent of a
variable, independent of another variable, independent of
differentiation of a variable and independent of both variables
1.2 Isoperimetric problems, several dependent variables
1.3 Functions involving higher order derivatives: Rayleigh Ritz method
2
Linear Algebra: Vector Spaces 06
2.1 Vectors in n dimensional vector space: properties, dot product, cross
product, norm and distance properties in n dimensional vector space.
2.2 Vector spaces over real field, properties of vector spaces over real
field, subspaces.
2.3 The Cauchy Schwarz inequality, Orthogonal Subspaces, Gram
Schmidt process.
3 Linear Algebra: Matrix Theory 10
3.1 Characteristic equation, Eigen values and Eigen vectors, properties of
Eigen values and Eigen vectors
3.2 Cayley Hamilton theorem (without proof), examples based on
verification of Cayley Hamilton theorem.
3.3 Similarity of matrices, Diagonalisation of matrices.
3.4 Functions of square matrix, derogatory and non derogatory matrices.
4 Probability 10
4.1 Baye‘s Theorem (without proof)
4.2 Random variable: Probability distribution for discrete and
continuous random variables, Density function and distribution
function, expectation, variance.
4.3 Moments, Moment Generating Function.
4.4 Probability distribution: Binomial distribution, Poisson & normal
distribution (For detailed study)
5 Correlation 04
5.1 Karl Pearson‘s coefficient of correlation, Covariance, Spearman‘s
Rank correlation,
5.2 Lines of Regression.
6 Complex integration 12
6.1 Complex Integration: Line Integral, Cauchy‘s Integral theorem for
simply connected regions, Cauchy‘s Integral formula.
6.2 Taylor‘s and Laurent‘s Series
6.3 Zeros, singularities, poles of f(z), residues, Cauchy‘s Residue
theorem
6.4 Applications of Residue theorem to evaluate real Integrals of
different types.
University of Mumbai, Biomedical Engineering, Rev. 2016-17 Page 39
Books Recommended:
Text books:
1. H.K. Das, ?Advanced engineering mathematics?, S . Chand, 2008
2. A. Datta, “Mathematical Methods in Science and Engineering”, 2012
3. B.S. Grewal, “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, Khanna Publication
4. P.N.Wartilar & J.N.Wartikar, ?A Text Book of Applied Mathematics? Vol. I & II,
Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan., Pune.
Reference Books:
1. B. V. Ramana, “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, Tata Mc Graw Hill Publication
2. Wylie and Barret, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, Tata Mc Graw Hill 6th Edition
3. Erwin Kreysizg, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, John Wiley & Sons, Inc
4. Seymour Lipschutz ?Beginning Linear Algebra? Schaum‘s outline series, Mc Graw Hill
Publication
5.Seymour Lipschutz ?Probability? Schaum‘s outline series, Mc Graw Hill Publication
Assessment:
Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on
minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course
project.
Term Work:
Term work shall consist of minimum 8 tutorials
The distribution of marks for term work shall be as follows:
Tutorials : 0 Marks
Attendance 5 Marks
The final certification and acceptance of term work ensures the satisfactory performance of laboratory
work and minimum passing in the term work.
Theory Examination:
1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each carrying 20 marks.
2. Total four questions need to be solved.
Q.1 will be compulsory, based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked
4: Remaining question will be randomly selected from all the modules.

BMC402 BiomedicalTransducers andMeasuring
Instruments

1 Introduction: Generalized Instrumentation System, General Properties
Of Input Transducer. Static Characteristics: Accuracy, Precision,
Resolution, Reproducibility, Sensitivity, Drift, Hysteresis, Linearity,
Input Impedance and Output Impedance.
Dynamic Characteristics: First Order and Second Order Characteristics, Time Delay,
Error Free Instrument, Transfer Functions. Design Criteria, Generalized Instrument
Specifications.
04
2 Medical Instruments:
Electronic and Digital Voltmeter
Types: FET Voltmeter, Peak and Average Responding voltmeter,
True RMS responding voltmeter.
Digital to Analog Converter: Binary weighted and R 2R ladder.
Analog to digital converter: Ramp type, Dual Slope type,
DVM: Ramp type, Dual Slope type, Successive Approximation type,
Flash type DVM. Resolution & Sensitivity.
Multimeter: Working, Specifications.
Oscilloscopes:
Block Diagram of C.R.O (in details). Requirements of Time base,
Delayed Time Base, Post deflection acceleration, triggering. Description of Panel Layout
and working of controls. Specifications of CRO. Applications: Measurement of voltage,
current. Types: Dual trace, Dual beam, Digital Storage – Block diagram, working,
application, comparison.
14
3 Displacement, motion and Pressure Measurement: (with applications)
Resistive: Potentiometers, Strain Gauges and Bridge Circuits.
Inductive: Variable Inductance and LVDT
Capacitive type, Piezoelectric Transducers.
Types of Diaphragms, Bellows, Bourdon Tubes.
10
4 Temperature Measurement: Thermistor, Thermocouple,
Resistive Temperature Detector, IC based Temperature Measurement
06
5 Bio potential Electrodes: Electrodes Electrolyte Interface, Half Cell Potential,
Polarization, Polarizable and Non Polarizable, Electrodes, Calomel Electrode, Electrode
Circuit Model, Electrode Skin Interface and Motion Artifact. Body Surface Electrodes.
Internal Electrodes: Needle and Wire Electrodes (Different Types). Microelectrodes:
Metal, Supported Metal Micropipette (Metal Filled Glass And Glass Micropipette
Electrodes)
06
6 Chemical Sensors: Blood gas and Acid Base Physiology, Potentiometric Sensors
(pH, pCO Electrodes, Amperometric Sensors (pO ), ISFETS, Transcutaneous Arterial
2 and CO Tension Monitoring.
Fiber Optic Sensors: Principle of Fiber Optics, Fiber Optic Sensors Temperature,
Chemical, Pressure.
Biosensor: Classifications and types with examples.
08
University of Mumbai, Biomedical Engineering, Rev. 2016-17 Page 42
Books Recommended:
Text Books:
1. Kalasi H.S. Electronic Instrumentation
2. A.K. Sawhney Electrical & Electronic Measurement & Instrumentation.
3. Medical Instrumentation Application and Design by John G. Webster.
4. Instrument Transducer – An Intro to their performance and design, Hermann K P. Neubert.
5. Biomedical sensors – fundamentals and application by Harry N, Norton.
6. Biomedical Transducers and Instruments, Tatsuo Togawa, Toshiyo Tamma and P. Ake Öberg.
7. Electronics in Medicine and Biomedical Instrumentation by Nandini K. Jog PHI Second Edition
2013.
Reference Books:
1. Principles of applied Biomedical Instrumentation by La Geddes and L.E. Baker.
2. Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement by Leslie Cromwell, Fred. J. Weibell and Pfeiffer.
3. Principles of Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement, Richard Aston, Merril Publishing Co.,
Columbus, 1990.
4. Measurement Systems, Application and Design, Ernest O. Doeblin, McGraw Hill, 1985.
5. Handbook of Modern Sensors – Physics, Design and Application, Jacob Fraden, AIP press.
6. Transducers for Biomedical Measurements: Principles and Applications, Richard S.C. Cobbold,
John Wiley & Sons, 1974.
Assessment:
Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on
minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course
project.
Theory Examination:
1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each carrying 20 marks.
2. Total four questions need to be solved.
3. Q.1 will be compulsory, based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks
4. Remaining question will be randomly selected from all the modules
University of Mumbai, Biomedical Engineering, Rev. 2016-17 Page 43

### BMC403 Linear Integrated Circuits (Abbreviated as LIC)

s
1. Differential Amplifiers:
? Basic Concept
? Types: Dual Input Balanced Output, Dual Input Unbalanced Output, Single
Input Balanced Output And Single Input Unbalanced Output.
? Common mode and Differential mode analysis DC and AC analysis.
? Differential amplifiers with Swamping Resistor
? Constant current source, current mirror circuits
05
2. Introduction to operational Amplifier :
? Introduction to an Ideal Operational Amplifier, Block Diagram, DC and AC
Characteristics, Equivalent circuit of Op amp
? Op amp IC 741 characteristics, frequency response and concept of virtual
ground.
05
3. Applications of operational Amplifier :
? Adder, Subtractor /differential Amplifier, Voltage follower, Integrator
(practical and Ideal), Differentiator (practical and Ideal), Instrumentation
amplifier
? Voltage to Current and Current to Voltage converters, Active Half wave
rectifiers, Active Full wave rectifier, Clipper, Clampers, Log and Antilog
amplifiers, Sample & hold circuits, Peak detector, Multipliers and Dividers,
? Schmitt Trigger (Regenerative comparator), Voltage comparators, zero
crossing detector.
15
4. Oscillators using Operational Amplifier:
? Concepts of Oscillation. Barkhausen‘s criteria for an oscillator.
? Types of oscillators: RC Phase shift Oscillator, Wien Bridge oscillator,
Colpitt‘s Oscillator, Hartley Oscillator, Crystal Oscillator, Clapp Oscillator,
(Phase shift, Frequency of oscillation, condition of sustained oscillation,
circuit operation and Amplitude stability in the above oscillators).
08
5. Negative Feedback:
? Introduction to Feedback
? Negative feedback characteristics: Gain Sensitivity, Bandwidth Extension,
Noise Sensitivity, Reduction of Non Linear Distortion.
? Feedback Topologies, Series Shunt, Shunt Series, Series Series, Shunt Shunt
Configurations
? Negative feedback amplifiers: Voltage Amplifiers, Current Amplifiers, Trans
Conductance Amplifiers, Trans Resistance Amplifiers (DC and AC analysis.
10
6. Power Amplifiers :
? Classes of Power amplifiers, Class A, Class B, Class AB, Class C
? Analysis: Class A Power Amplifiers (Direct coupled and Transformer
coupled), Class B Power Amplifiers, Class AB Push Pull and
Complementary Symmetry Power amplifier
? Power amplifier design, Heat Sinks and its design
05
University of Mumbai, Biomedical Engineering, Rev. 2016-17 Page 45
Books Recommended:
Text Books:
1.. Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design Donald A Neamen,
. Electronic Devices and circuits – R Bolystead.
. Op Amps and linear integrated circuits – R. Gayakwad
. Linear Integrated Circuits: Roy Chaudhary
Reference Books:
1. Integrated Electronics –Millman & Halkias
2. Opamps and linear integrated circuits, Theory and Applications James Fiore
Assessment:
Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on
minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course
oject.
Theory Examination:
1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each carrying 20 marks.
2. Total four questions need to be solved.
3. Q.1 will be compulsory, based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be
4. Remaining question will be randomly selected from all the modules

BMC 404 Digital Electronics

1. Introduction: Number system, Binary, Octal, Hexadecimal and other. Conversion
from One system to another, Binary, BCD and Hexadecimal. Binary Arithmetic
first and second complement methods.
Binary Codes: Weighted Reflective, Sequential, Gray, Error detecting codes, Odd,
Even parity, Hamming Codes, Alphanumeric, Morse, Teletypewriter ASCII,
EBCDIC codes, Converting Binary to Gray & Gray to Binary, Conversion from BCD
to XS3. Application of gray code, shaft position encoding.
Boolean Algebra Logic Gates: AND, OR, NOT, XOR, XNOR, operation NAND,
NOR used of the universal gate for Performing different operation. Laws of Boolean
algebra. De Morgan‘s theorems. Relating a Truth Table to a Boolean Expression.
Multi level circuits.
05
2. Combinational Circuits: MAPS and their use in specifying Boolenan
Expressions, Minterm, Maxterm SOP and POS Implementation. Implementation a
logic function using universal gates. Variable entered maps For five and six variable
functions Quine Mc Clusky tabular techniques.
05
3. Combinational Logic Circuit Design: Designing code converter circuits e.g. Binary
to Gray, BCD to Seven Segments, Parity Generator. Binary Arithmetic circuits:
Serial adder, Multiplier Magnitude Comparators, 7485 comparator, Arithmetic Logic
units.
Use of Multiplexers in Logic Design: Multiplexer (ULM) Shannon‘s theorem. ULM
trees. De Multiplexers, Line decoders, Designing using ROMs and ULMs. Hazards
in combinational circuits.
15
4. Sequential Logic Circuits: Comparison of Combinational & Sequential Circuits,
Multi vibrators (Astable, Monostable And Bistable) Flip Flops, SR, T, D, JK, Master
Slave JK, Converting one Flip Flop to another, State transition diagrams, Use of
Denounce switch. Counter Modulus of a counter, Ripple counter, Up/Down Counter,
Designing sequential counters using gate IC and counter IC by drawing state
transition Diagram & state transition table. Ring counter Johnson counter, twisted
ring counter, Pseudo Random number generator, Unused states and locked conditions.
08
5. Registers: Serial input serial output, serial input parallel output, Left Right shift
register, Use of register ICs for sequence generator and counter. Bidirectional shift
register, Universal shift register
10
6. Logic Families: RTL, DTL, TTL, schotkey clamped TTL, Tristate gate ECL, IIL,
MOS device CMOS Comparison of logic families, interfacing different families. TTL
with CMOS, NMOS, TTL, ECL, & TTL, IIL, & TTL.
05
Books Recommended:
Text Books:
1. R. .Jain, ?Modern Digital Electronics,? Tata McGraw Hill, 1984
2. M Morris Mono, ?Digital Design,? Prentice Hall International 1984.
3. Malvino & Leach, ?Digital Principal and Applications?, Tata McGraw Hill, 1991.
4. Malvino, ?Digital Electronics?, Tata McGraw Hill, 1997.

Reference Books:
University of Mumbai, Biomedical Engineering, Rev. 2016-17 Page 48
1. James Bignell & Robert Donovan, ?Digital Electronics?, Delmar, Thomas Learning,
2. Jog N.K, ?Logic Circuits?, 2nd
edition, Nandu Publisher & Printer Pvt .Ltd. 1998.
3. Alan b. Marcovitz, ?Introduction to Logic Design ?, McGraw Hill International 2002.
Assessment:
Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on
minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course
project.
Theory Examination:
1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each carrying 20 marks.
2. Total four questions need to be solved.
3. Q.1 will be compulsory, based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be
4. Remaining question will be randomly selected from all the modules

BMC405 Signals and Control Systems

Course Objectives
? To introduce the concepts and techniques associated with the understanding of
signals and systems such as the basic parameters, properties and interaction of
signals and system.
? To familiarize with techniques suitable for analysing and synthesizing signals
and systems in continuous domain.
Course Outcomes ? Represent signals and system mathematically
? Represent integral of LTI systems, properties of system in terms of impulse
response
? Determine Fourier series representation of CT, properties of Fourier series
? Derive and determine Laplace transform, region of convergence, application of
Laplace transform, Inverse Laplace transform.
? Analyse given systems and suggest modifications.
Module Contents Hours
1 Introduction to Signals: Basic of continuous time signals like unit step, ramp,
exponential, operation on signals like flipping, shifting, scaling, and multiplication.
Classification of signals: Periodic /Aperiodic, Power and Energy, Even and Odd
07
2 Introduction to Systems: System representation in the continuous and discrete time
domain. Classification of systems on the basis of Causal/non Causal, Time
variance/Time invariance, Linear/Non Linear, Stable/Unstable. Continuous
convolution

BMC405 Signals and Control System

3 Fourier Analysis of Continuous time Signals Orthogonal functions, Representation
of signals in terms of weighted orthogonal basis functions, Coefficient calculation on
the basis of minimum square error. Fourier series: Representation of Fourier series in
erms of sine, cosine, exponential functions. The complex Fourier spectrum,
Properties of Fourier series, convergence of Fourier series, Gibbs phenomenon.
Fourier transform and its properties. Fourier transform of singular functions. Energy
density spectrum
07
4 Laplace Transform: Double sided Laplace transforms, Region of Convergence,
properties, Unilateral Laplace Transform, properties, applications of Laplace
transform to the solution of differential equations. Inverse Laplace Transform.
08
5 Introduction to Control Systems Basic concepts of control systems, open loop
and closed loop systems, difference between open loop and closed loop systems,
signal flow graph
07
6 Time domain and Frequency domain behaviour of Systems
Time domain analysis of first order and second order systems. Condition of BIBO
stability in time domain. Frequency response of linear systems. Stability and Routh
array, Bode plots, Root Locus
12
Books Recommended:
Text Books:
1. Oppenheim A. V. & Alan S. llisky, Signals and Systems, Pearson Education
2. Simon Haykin & Barry Van Veen, Signals and Systems, Wiley India
3. Modern Control Engineering : D.Roy Choudhury, PHI
4. Modem Control Engineering : K. Ogata , PHI
5. Control Systems Engineering: L.J. Nagrath, M. Gopal, Third Edition, New Age International
Publishers.
Reference Books:
1. ProakisJ. G. & Manolakis D. G., Digital Signal Processing, Principles, algorithms & applications,
Pearson Education
2. Ramesh Babu P., Signals and Systems, Scitech Publications (India) Pvt. Ltd.
3. Charles L. Phillips,John M. Parr & Eve Riskin, Signals, Systems and Transforms, Pearson
Education
4. Control System, Theory & Applications : Samarjit Ghosh, Pearson Education
5. System Dynamic and Control : Eroni Umez Erani., PWS Publishing, International Thompson
Publishing Company
Assessment:
Internal Assessment consists of two tests out of which; one should be compulsory class test (on
minimum 02 Modules) and the other is either a class test or assignment on live problems or course
project.
Theory Examination:
1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each carrying 20 marks.
2. Total four questions need to be solved.
3. Q.1 will be compulsory, based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked.
4. Remaining question will be randomly selected from all the modules.

BML401 Introduction to Simulations Tools
(IST)

Course objective • To study Simulation software
• Study Proteus
Course Outcome Learner will be able to:
• Understand various tools of simulation software
• Write Programme in Programming Software
• Simulate Digital and analog circuits
• Understand use of Proteus software
• Simulate differential equations
List of Laboratory Experiments: (Any seven)
1. Study of Various simulation software Command
2. Plotting variable using software
3. Study of various Proteus commands.
4. Simulating Inverting and Non inverting Amplifier in Proteus
5. Implementing logic gates using Proteus
6. Decade Counter using flip flop in Proteus
7. Simulating differential Equations
8. Simulate basic electrical circuit using pspice
Any other experiment using these simulation tools which will help learner to understand the
application of these tools during their B.E project work
University of Mumbai, Biomedical Engineering, Rev. 2016-17 Page 52
Assessment:
Term Work:
Term work shall consist of minimum experiments.
The distribution of marks for term work shall be as follows:
Laboratory work (Experiments : 10 Marks
Laboratory work (Journal : 10 Marks
Attendance 5 Marks
The final certification and acceptance of term work ensures the satisfactory performance of laboratory
work and minimum passing in the term work.
Practical examination will be based on suggested practical list.

BML402
Biomedical Transducers and Measuring
Instruments
(BTMI)

BML402 Biomedical Transducers and Measuring Instruments 01
Course objective • To display and record signals using CRO.
• To implement digital to analog converter.
• To analyse step response of a thermometer and measure temperature
using various temperature transducers.
• To measure displacement using various displacement transducers.
• To measure pressure using a pressure transducer.
• To measure pH of a solution using pH electrodes.
Course Outcome Learner will be able to:
• Record and display signals using CRO.
• Convert analog data into digital form.
• Analyse step response of a thermometer and measure temperature
using various temperature transducers.
• Measure displacement using various displacement transducers.
• Measure pressure using a pressure transducer.
• Measure pH of a solution using pH electrodes
Syllabus: Same as that of BMC402 Biomedical Transducers and Measuring Instruments
List of Laboratory Experiments: (Any seven)
1. Study of Front panel of CRO
2. A to D converter
3. To study the dynamic behaviour of thermometer system.
4. To study the characteristics of a thermistor.
5. To study thermistor linearization.
6. To study the characteristics of a light dependent resister.
University of Mumbai, Biomedical Engineering, Rev. 2016-17 Page 54
7. To study the principle and working of a thermocouple.
8. To study principle and working of LVDT.
9. To study principle and working of a capacitive Transducer.
10. To study principle and working of a strain gage sensor.
11. To study principle and working of a pressure sensor.
12. To study pH electrode.
Any other experiment based on syllabus which will help learner to understand topic/concept
Books Recommended:
Text Books:
1. Kalasi H.S. Electronic Instrumentation
2. A.K. Sawhney Electrical & Electronic Measurement & Instrumentation.
3. Medical Instrumentation Application and Design by John G. Webster.
4. Instrument Transducer – An Intro to their performance and design, Hermann K P. Neubert.
5. Biomedical sensors – fundamentals and application by Harry N, Norton.
6. Biomedical Transducers and Instruments, Tatsuo Togawa, Toshiyo Tamma and P. Ake Öberg.
7. Electronics in Medicine and Biomedical Instrumentation by Nandini K. Jog PHI Second Edition 2013.
Reference Books:
1. Principles of applied Biomedical Instrumentation by La Geddes and L.E. Baker.
2. Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement by Leslie Cromwell, Fred. J. Weibell and Pfeiffer.
3. Principles of Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement, Richard Aston, Merril Publishing Co.,
Columbus, 1990.
4. Measurement Systems, Application and Design, Ernest O. Doeblin, McGraw Hill, 1985.
5. Handbook of Modern Sensors – Physics, Design and Application, Jacob Fraden, AIP press.
6. Transducers for Biomedical Measurements: Principles and Applications, Richard S.C. Cobbold, John
Wiley & Sons, 1974.
Assessment:
Term Work:
Term work shall consist of minimum experiments.
The distribution of marks for term work shall be as follows:
Laboratory work (Experiments : 10 Marks
Laboratory work (Journal : 10 Marks
Attendance 5 Marks
The final certification and acceptance of term work ensures the satisfactory performance of laboratory
work and minimum passing in the term work.
Oral examination will be based on suggested practical list and entire syllabus.

BML403
Linear Integrated Circuits
(LIC)

BML403 Linear Integrated Circuits
Course Objective ? To provide designing methodology and implementation technique for
differential, operational and power amplifiers
Course Outcome ? To design and implement various mathematical operations using
operational amplifier
? To implement waveform generation using operational amplifier
? To implement circuits of differential amplifiers, power amplifiers
and negative feedback.

Syllabus: Same as that of BMC403 Linear Integrated Circuits
List of Laboratory Experiments: (Any seven)
1. Differential amplifier
2. Inverting amplifier
3. Non inverting amplifier
4. Designing circuit using operational amplifier for given mathematical equation
5. Integrator
6. Differentiator
7. Half wave rectifier
8. RC phase shift oscillator
9. Wein bridge oscillator
10. Instrumentation amplifier
11. Negative feedback
University of Mumbai, Biomedical Engineering, Rev. 2016-17 Page 56
12. Schmitt trigger
13. Comparator
14. Zero crossing detector
15. Class B push pull power amplifier
Any other experiment based on syllabus which will help learner to understand topic/concept
Books Recommended:
Text Books:
1.. Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design Donald A Neamen,
. Electronic Devices and circuits – R Bolystead.
. Op Amps and linear integrated circuits – R. Gayakwad
. Linear Integrated Circuits: Roy Chaudhary
Reference Books:
1. Integrated Electronics –Millman & Halkias
2. Opamps and linear integrated circuits, Theory and Applications James Fiore
Assessment:
Term Work:
Term work shall consist of minimum experiments.
The distribution of marks for term work shall be as follows:
Laboratory work (Experiments : 10 Marks
Laboratory work (Journal : 10 Marks
Attendance 5 Marks
The final certification and acceptance of term work ensures the satisfactory performance of laboratory
work and minimum passing in the term work.
Practical and oral examination will be based on suggested practical list and entire syllabus.

BML404 Digital Electronics
Theory Pract. Tut. Theory Pract. Tut. Total

BML404 Digital Electronics 01
Course Objective • To make learner aware of basics of digital circuits, logic design
and Flip flops.
• Learner should be able to design of various counters, registers
and their applications
Course Outcome Learners will be able to:
1. Understand various ICs used for basic gates,EX OR and EX NOR
gates
2. Design code converter circuits.
3. Design parity generator checker circuits, adder subtractor circuits
and magnitude comparator circuits
4. Design circuits using multiplexers, demultiplexers, and decoders.
5. Design synchronous and asynchronous counters using flipflops.
6. Design various registers using flip flops.
Syllabus: Same as that of BMC404 Digital Electronics
List of Laboratory Experiments: (Any seven)
1. To study the various Logic gates.
2. To design various gates using Universal gates.
3. To design binary to gray code converter and gray to binary converter.
4. To design BCD to Excess3 converter.
5. To design parity generator and parity checker circuits.
6. To design adder and subtractor circuits.
University of Mumbai, Biomedical Engineering, Rev. 2016-17 Page 58
7. To design various circuits using multiplexers.
8. To design various circuits using de multiplexer.
9. To study S R , J K, T and D Flip flops.
10. To design Asynchronous counter.
12. To design Synchronous counter.
Any other experiment based on syllabus which will help learner to understand topic/concept
Books Recommended:
Text Books:
1. R. .Jain, ?Modern Digital Electronics,? Tata McGraw Hill, 1984
2. M Morris Mono, ?Digital Design,? Prentice Hall International 1984.
3. Malvino & Leach, ?Digital Principal and Applications?, Tata McGraw Hill, 1991.
4. Malvino, ?Digital Electronics?, Tata McGraw Hill, 1997.

Reference Books:
1. James Bignell & Robert Donovan, ?Digital Electronics?, Delmar, Thomas Learning,
2. Jog N.K, ?Logic Circuits?, 2nd
edition, Nandu Publisher & Printer Pvt .Ltd. 1998.
3. Alan b. Marcovitz, ?Introduction to Logic Design ?, McGraw Hill International 2002.
Assessment:
Term Work:
Term work shall consist of minimum experiments.
The distribution of marks for term work shall be as follows:
Laboratory work (Experiments : 10 Marks
Laboratory work (Journal : 10 Marks
Attendance 5 Marks
The final certification and acceptance of term work ensures the satisfactory performance of laboratory
work and minimum passing in the term work.
Practical and oral examination will be based on suggested practical list and entire syllabus.

### BML405 Signals and Control Systems (SCS)BML405 Signals and Control Systems

Course objective • To introduce the concepts and techniques associated with the understanding
of signals and systems such as the basic parameters, properties and
interaction of signals and system.
• To familiarize with techniques suitable for analyzing and synthesizing
signals and systems in continuous domain.
Course Outcome • Represent signals and system mathematically
• Represent integral of LTI systems, properties of system in terms of impulse
response
• Determine Fourier series representation of CT, properties of Fourier series
• Derive and determine Laplace transform, region of convergence, application
of Laplace transform, Inverse Laplace transform.
• Analyze given systems and suggest modifications.
Syllabus: Same as that of BMC405 Signals and Control Systems
List of Laboratory Experiments: (Any Five)
1. Introduction to signals and plotting of signals
2. Operations on Signal
3. Classification of Signals
4. Open Loop and Closed loop
5. Stability
6. Bode Plot
7. Root Locus
8. Convolution
9. Pole Zero plot
University of Mumbai, Biomedical Engineering, Rev. 2016-17 Page 60
List of suggested Tutorials: (Any Six)
1. Introduction to signals and systems
2. Fourier Series
3. Laplace Transform
4. Inverse Laplace Transform
5. Application of Laplace Transform
6. Open Loop and Closed loop
7. Signal Flow graph
8. Stability
9. Bode Plot
10. Root Locus
11. Time domain analysis
Any other practical and tutorial based on syllabus which will help learner to understand topic/concept
Assessment:
Term Work:
Term work shall consist of minimum experiments.
The distribution of marks for term work shall be as follows:
Laboratory work (Experiments : 10 Marks
Laboratory work (Tutorial : 10 Marks
Attendance 5 Marks
The final certification and acceptance of term work ensures the satisfactory performance of laboratory
work and minimum passing in the term work.
Oral examination will be based on suggested practical list and entire syllabus.
University of Mumbai, Biomedical Engineering, Rev. 2016-17 Page 61
Program Structure for