|Image and Video Processing|
Image acquisition, sampling and quantization, image resolution, basic relationship between pixels, color images, RGB, HSI and other modelsTwo Dimensional TransformsDiscrete Fourier Transform, Discrete Cosine Transform, KL Transform, and Discrete Wavelet Transform
Point Processing: Digital Negative, contrast stretching, thresholding, gray level slicing, bit plane slicing, log transform and power law transform.
Neighborhood Processing: Averaging filters, order statistics filters, high pass filters and high boost filters
Frequency Domain: DFT for filtering, Ideal, Gaussian and Butterworth filters for smoothening and sharpening, and Homomorphic filters
Histogram Modeling: Histogram equalization and histogram specification
Image Segmentation and Morphology
Point, line and edge detection, edge linking using Hough transform and graph theoretic approach, thresholding, and region based segmentation.
Dilation, erosion, opening, closing, hit or miss transform, thinning and thickening, and boundary extraction on binary images
Degradation model, noise models, estimation of degradation function by modeling, restoration using Weiner filters and Inverse filters
Video Formation, Perception and Representation
Digital Video Sampling, Video Frame classifications, I, P and B frames, Notation, ITU-RBT 601Digital Video formats, Digital video quality measure.
Video Capture and display: Principle of colour video camera, video camera, digital video
Sampling of video Signals: Required sampling rates, sampling in two dimensions and three dimensions, progressive virus interlaced scans
Two Dimensional Motion Estimation
Optical Flow: 2-D motion Vs optical flow, optical flow equations, motion representation, motion estimation criteria, optimization method.
Pixel based motion estimation: Regularization using motion smoothing constraints, using multipoint neighborhood.
Block Matching Algorithms: Exhaustive block matching algorithms, phase correlation method, Binary feature matching.
Multi resolution Motion Estimation: General formulation, Hierarchical blocks matching Algorithms.
1. Gonzales and Woods, ?Digital Image Processing?, Pearson Education, India, Third Edition,
2. Anil K.Jain, ?Fundamentals of Image Processing?, Prentice Hall of India, First Edition, 1989.
3. Murat Tekalp, ?Digital Video Processing?, Pearson, 2010.
4. John W. Woods, ?Multidimensional Signal, Image and Video Processing?, Academic Press 2012
5. J.R.Ohm , ?Multimedia Communication Technology”, Springer Publication.
6. A.I.Bovik, ?Handbook on Image and Video Processing”, Academic Press.
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered for final internal assessment. End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining question will be selected from all the modules.
|Fundamentals of Mobile Communication|
Introduction to wire1ess communication
Frequency Division Multiple access, Time Division Multiple access, Spread Spectrum Multiple access, Space Division Multiple access, and OFDM
Frequency reuse, channel assignment strategies, handoff strategies, interference and system capacity, trunking and grade of service, improving the capacity of cellular systems. and related design problems2G TechnologiesGSM Network architecture, signaling protocol architecture, identifiers, channels, introduction frame structure, speech coder RPE-LTP, authentication and security, call procedure, handoff procedure, services and features
GSM evolution in GPRS and EDGE: Architecture and services offered
IS-95 A& B(CDMA-1): Frequency and channel specifications of forward and reverse CDMA channel, packet and frame formats, mobility and radio resource management
IMT-2000/UMTS: Network architecture, air Interface specification, forward and reverse channels in W-CDMA and CDMA 2000, spreading and modulation.
Cell search and synchronization, establishing a connection, hand off and power control in 3G system
Introduction and system overview
Frequency bands and spectrum ,network structure, and protocol structure
Frame slots and symbols, modulation, coding, multiple antenna techniques
Logical and Physical Channels: Mapping of data on to logical sub-channels physical layer procedures, establishing a connection, retransmission and reliability, power control.
Emerging Technologies for 4G
4G Introduction and vision
Multi antenna Technologies: MIMO; software defined radio
Adaptive multiple antenna techniques, radio resource management, QOS requirements
Overview of 4G research initiatives and developments.
Mobile Radio Propagation
Study of indoor and outdoor propagation models
Small scale fading and multi-path Small-scale multi-path propagation, parameter of multi-path channels, types of small scale fading, Raleigh and Ricean distribution,
1. Theodore S. Rappaport , ?Wireless Communications?, Prentice Hall of India, PTR publication
2. Andreas Molisch , ?Wireless Communications?, Wiley, Student second Edition.
3. Vijay Garg , ?Wireless Network Evolution 2G-3G?, Pearson Education.
4. Young Kyun Kim and Ramjee Prasad, ?4 G Roadmap and Emerging Communication Technologies ?, Artech house.:
5. Raj Pandya , ?Mobile And Personal Communications Systems And Services?, Prentice hall. 6. Singhal , ?Wireless Communication?, TMH
7. C.Y Lee , ?Mobile Communication?, Wiley
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining question will be selected from all the modules.
|Optical Communication and Networks|
|Optical Fiber Communication Technology|
Block diagram, advantages, loss and bandwidth window, ray theory transmission, total internal reflection, acceptance angle, numerical aperture, and skew raysEM waves, modes in planer guide, phase and group velocities, types of fibers according to refractive index profile and mode transmission.Fiber material, fiber cables and fiber fabrication, fiber joints, fiber connectors, splices.
Transmission Characteristic of Optical Fiber
Attenuation, absorption, linear and nonlinear scattering losses, bending losses, modal dispersion, waveguide dispersion, dispersion and pulse broadening, dispersion shifted and dispersion flattened fibers, and non linear effects
Measurements of attenuation, dispersion and OTDR
Optical Communication Systems
Working principle and characteristics of sources (LED, LASER), and optical amplifiers
Working principle and characteristics of detectors (PIN, APD), noise analysis in detectors, coherent and non-coherent detection, receiver structure, bit error rate of optical receivers, and receiver performance.
Point to point links system considerations, link power budget, and rise time budget
Optical Network System Components and Optical Networks
Couplers, isolators, circulators, multiplexers, filters, fiber gratings, Fabry Perot filters, arrayed waveguide grating, switches and wavelength converters
SONET and SDH standards, architecture of optical transport networks (OTNs), network topologies, protection schemes in SONET/SDH, and wavelength routed architectures.
Operational principle of WDM, WDM network elements and Architectures, Introduction to DWDM, Solitons.
Packet Switching and Access Networks
OTDM, multiplexing and de-multiplexing, synchronization and broadcast OTDM networks.
Network architecture overview, OTDN networks, optical access networks, and future access networks.
Network Design and Management
Transmission system model, power penalty-transmitter, receiver optical amplifiers, crosstalk, dispersion, wavelength stabilization.
Network management functions, configuration management, performance management, fault management, optical safety, and service interface
|Recommended Books: 1. John M. Senior, ?Optical Fiber Communication?, Prentice Hall of India Publication, Chicago, 3rd Edition, 2013 2. Gred Keiser, ?Optical Fiber Communication?, Mc-Graw Hill Publication , Singapore, 4th Edition, 2012 3. G Agrwal, ?Fiber optic communication Systems?, John Wiley and Sons, 3rd Edition, New York 2014 4. Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N. Sivarajan, ?Optical Networks: A Practical Perespective?, Elsevier Publication Elsevier India Pvt.ltd, 3rd Edition, 2010 5. P.E.Green, ?Optical Networks?, Prentice Hall,1994 6. Biswanath Mukherjee, ?Optical Communication Networks?, McGraw-Hill, 1997. 7. Le Nguyen Binh, ?Optical Fiber Communication System: Theory and Practice with MATLAB and Simulink?, CRC Press, 2010|
Internal Assessment (IA): Two tests must be conducted which should cover at least 80% of syllabus. The average marks of both the test will be considered as final IA marks End Semester Examination: 1. Question paper will comprise of 6 questions, each of 20 marks. 2. Total 4 questions need to be solved. 3. Question No.1 will be compulsory and based on entire syllabus wherein sub questions of 2 to 5 marks will be asked. 4. Remaining questions will be selected from all the modules