Instrumentation engineering semester 6 syllabus

Instrumentation engineering semester 6 syllabus – The sixth semester syllabus for Mumbai University Instrumentation Engineering Bachelors degree has Process Instrumentation Systems, Power Electronics Drives, Digital Signal Processing and Industrial Data Communication.


Instrumentation engineering semester 6 syllabus


Process dynamics
Dynamic elements in a control loop,Dead time processes and smith predictor
compensator. Inverse response behavior of processes and compensator.
Dynamic behavior of first and second order systems. Interacting and noninteracting
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Process Control Action
Elements of process control, Controller Principle, Process Characteristics,
Control system parameters, discontinuous, continuous and composite
controller modes/actions (P,I,D,PI,PD and PID).
3 Process Controllers and Tuning
General features, construction and working of Pneumatic,
Hydraulic and Electronic controller.
Process reaction curve method, Zigler-Nichols method, Cohencoon
correction for quarter amplitude, Frequency response method,
Relay based tuning.
4 Control Schemes
Feedback, feedforward, cascade, ratio, split range, selective control, adaptive
control, and model based control.
5 Multivariable Control
Block diagram analysis of multivariable systems, Interaction, Tuning of
Multivariable controllers, relative gain analysis, Decoupler design
6 Discrete-State process control
Discrete state process control characteristics of the system, variables, process
specification and event sequence description, Physical ladder diagramelements
and examples.
Introduction to Batch Process with example.



Introduction to construction, characteristics, ratings & applications of
power diodes, power BJT, power MOSFET & IGBT.
Study of Thyristors: construction, characteristics, ratings of SCR,
Switching/ triggering methods: switching methods/types of triggering
devices like DIAC, UJT & PUT
Thyristor commutation Tech. (basic concepts),protection scheme against
over-current, over voltage, dv/dt cooling technique
Controlled rectifiers: Principles of operations of phase controlled
converters, single phase half bridge, semi converter & bridge converters,
effect of source inductance on fully controlled bridge converter,
performance parameters Design of SCR based DC power circuits
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including UJT as triggering device
AC power control using SCR-UJT & TRIAC-DIAC like universal speed
controller fan regulator Design of SCR/TRIAC based AC power control
circuits including UJT/DIAC as a triggering device
Principles of operation of inverters, PWM inverter, bridge inverter
,basic circuit scheme of IGBT/ power MOSFET based inverter circuits
harmonic reduction in inverter output. Inverter circuits using H bridge
for 3-phase output.
4 DC to DC Converters
Basic operation of choppers, study of diff. types of chopper circuits like
step up, step down chopper, four quadrant operation of chopper,
Basic concept of SMPS and Analysis of various conduction modes of
Buck, Boost, Buck-Boost, Cuk converter; design and selection of
inductor and capacitor for converters.
5 Drives
AC Motor Drives: Concept & requirement of drives, Current fed &
Voltage fed drives, rotor resistance control & v/f control of AC motors
DC Motor Drives : DC Drives for brushed/brushless motors
Induction & dielectric heating process, block diagram, merits/demerits
Applications of power electronics in traction



Brief review: Discrete time signals and systems, difference equations, Fourier
series & Transform, Z-Transform, theorems, properties etc.
Introduction to digital signal processing: Block diagram of DSP, Advantages,
and Sampling Theorem, Classification of Digital Filter (IIR and FIR).
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2 Discrete Fourier Transform:-Introduction to DTFT, Fourier representation
of finite duration sequences, the Discrete Fourier Transform, properties of
the DFT, Linear convolution using the DFT and IDFT.
Computation of the Discrete Fourier Transform: – Decimation in frequency
(DIF) algorithms, Decimation in time (DIT) algorithms for Radix 2, 3
composite. Overlap add and save Methods.
3 Analysis of Digital Filter: – Classification of filter on their pole zero diagram.
Frequency response of IIR filters frequency response analysis of all types of
linear phase system. Difference between IIR and FIR Filters.
Realization of systems: -Realization of IIR systems by Direct form-I, Direct
form-II, Cascade and Parallel. Realization of FIR systems by Direct form,
cascade and linear phase system.
4 Digital Filter Design Techniques:-Properties of IIR filter Discritization
Methods like IIT and BLT. Design of Butterworth and Chebyshev-I IIR filter.
5 FIR filter Design:-Design of FIR filter by using Different Windowing
Technique. By using Frequency Sampling. Realization of system by using
Frequency Sampling Technique.
6 Multi rate Signal Processing:-Sampling rate reduction: decimation by integer
factors, Sampling rate increase: interpolation by integer factors, sampling rate
conversion by non integer factors.
Introduction to Digital Hardware and Applications:-Digital signal processor
series Texas 320, Motorola 56000. Applications to speech, Radar, CT scanner
and Digital touch tone receiver.



Embedded systems:
Definition, embedded system overview, classifications, Design challenges,
processor technology, IC technology and Design Technology and tradeoffs.
Examples of embedded system.
2 PIC 18F Microcontroller architecture Hardware
PIC 18F Microcontroller family, PIC18F architecture, features
PIC18F4520 , Block diagram, Oscillator configuration, power saving modes
Memory model, EEPROM and RAM , Program Memory. Hardware
multiplier, Interrupts, I/O ports, Timer, capture/compare/PWM (CCP)
module, ECCP module. Master syschronous Master Synchronous Serial Port
(Mssp) Module, Enhanced Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver
Transmitter (Eusart), Analog-To-Digital Converter (A/D) Module,
Comparator Module.
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3 PIC 18F Software:
PIC 18F Instruction set, Instruction format, Integrated
Development Environment(IDE), Assembling, Debugging, and
Executing a program Using MPLAB IDE in assembly and
embedded C, Data copy operation ,Arithmetic operation, Branch
and Skip operation, Logic operations, bit Operation, Stack and
Subroutine, Code conversion programs and Software Design.
4 Case Study:
I/O port Interfacing, Interfacing O/P peripherals such as seven segment LED,
LCD, Interfacing I/P peripheral such as push button keys, Matrix keyboard,
interfacing sensors using Analog to Digital convertor module, D/A
convertor module, Interfacing a temperature sensor to the A/D convertor
module. PWM generation for different applications.
5 Serial I/O:
Basic concept in serial communication, EIA-232 and PIC 18 serial
communication module ,USART, SPI, I²C(Inter-Integrated Ckt) Protocol.
6 Real Time Operating System (RTOS)
Introduction to RTOS concept. RTOS Scheduling models. Task scheduling
examples using different algorithms. Interrupt latency and response times of
the tasks as performance metrics. Example of any tiny RTOS.



OSI reference model, LAN architecture and topology
Transmission media:UTP cable,STP cable,co-axial cable,fiber
optics,wireless media
Data Link Layer,MAC sublayer(media access algorithums),error
detection and correction code
Network components: repeaters, bridge, hub, switch, router, gateways
2 Open control network: RS232, RS422, EIA 485, Ethernet- MODBUS
– structure, function codes and implementation, General Purpose
Instrument Bus, specifications.
Proprietary control network: MODBUS plus, data highway plus.
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3 Networks at different levels:
Sensor level network: AS-i, CAN, Devicenet, Interbus and LON
Device network: Foundation Fieldbus –H1, HART, PROFIBUS-PA
Control network: BACnet, ControlNet, FF-HSE, PROFIBUS-DP,
Ethernet, TCP/IP
Architecture – physical, data link, application layer, communication
technique, normal and burst mode of communication, troubleshooting,
benefits of HART.
5 Foundation fieldbus:
Fieldbus requirement, features, advantages, fieldbus components, types,
architecture–physical, data link, application layer, system and network
management, wiring, segment functionality checking, installation in
safe and hazardous area and troubleshooting, function block application
OPC Architecture
6 Wireless technologies:
Satellite systems, Wireless LANs (WLANs), WiFi, VPAN, Zigbee,
bluetooth GPRS and – their comparison, limitations and characteristics.



Introduction: Introduction to analytical process, selection of
instruments for application in industries. Compare classical analytical
techniques with instrumental techniques.
Fundamentals of Spectroscopy: Nature of Electromagnetic
Radiation, Electromagnetic spectrum, Numerical on EMR and laws of
Introduction to spectroscopic methods, Instrumentation of
spectroscopic analytical system – Radiation sources, filters and
monochromators, diffraction grating, detectors, signal processors and
readout modules.
2 Molecular Spectroscopy: Molecular Energy levels, correlation of
energy levels with transitions.
a) Electronic transitions and Vibrational transitions – Introduction
to UV-VIS molecular spectroscopy – basics of single beam, double
beam spectrophotometer and filter photometer, its instrumentation and
applications. Fluoroscopy, Phosphoroscopy and Raman Spectroscopy
– basic principle, components and its instrumentation. Basic principle
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of IR absorption spectroscopy.
b) Nuclear/Rotational transitions – Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
(NMR), spectroscopy, basic principle and its instrumentation,
constructional details of NMR, numerical. Basic principle of ESR.
3 Atomic Spectroscopy: Atomic Energy levels, Atomic absorption
spectroscopy – components, working and absorption spectra.
Atomic Emission spectroscopy – components, working and emission
spectra, comparison between AAS and AES.
4 Separation Science:
a) Chromatography: Fundamentals of chromatographic separations,
classification. Solid, liquid, gas chromatographic system with
components, factors affecting separation, applications. Analysis of Gas
b) Mass Spectrophotometers: Components of Mass Spectrometer,
Types of mass spectrometers, sample handling techniques for liquids
and solids, resolution, numericals on resolution.
Interfacing Chromatography and Mass spectrometry.
5 Radio Chemical Instrumentation:
Radio chemical methods, radiation detectors – Ionization chamber,
Geiger Muller counter, proportional counter, scintillation counter,
semiconductor detectors, pulse height analyzer.
X-ray spectroscopy and Gas analyzers:
Production of X-ray spectra, Instrumental methods, detectors, X-ray
absorption meters.
6 Industrial Gas Analyzers:
Oxygen, carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), NOx
analyzers, Gas density analyzer, online gas analyzers.