ANM (Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery) – This nursing course is a diploma of short duration which is similar to GNM but not as detailed as a B.Sc Nursing degree.It is considered to be a vocational course and can be taken up directly after passing class 12 with science branch and Biology as one of the subjects.
The main difference between ANM and GNM is that ANM was started to give women in villages and small towns training to be a healthcare professional and contribute to the rural society,whereas GNM is a general nursing diploma and its applications can be used in all public and private hospitals.
As a registered nurse your duties will be in a dispensary, path lab,clinic,community hospital and here you will administer medication and tend to patients.
One good advantage of the ANM course is that it gives you a specialty of Midwifery in the second semester which is very useful later while getting a job.
Like GNM and B.Sc Nursing,ANM is regulated and affiliated to the Indian Nursing Council.
About the ANM course
The course has a duration of 1.5 years and can be attempted after class 12 science.This consists of 2 semesters plus an additional months of internship in a clinic or hospital environment.
Some of the subjects for the ANM course are:
ANM COURSE CONTENT
- Health Promotion
- Human Body & Hygiene
- Environmental Sanitation
- Mental Health
- Primary Health Care Nursing (Prevention of Diseases & Restoration of Health)
- Infection and Immunization
- Communicable Diseases
- Community Health Problem
- Primary Medical Care
- First Aid 7 Referral
In addition to the theory papers for all subjects,there will also be grading on internal assesments,external assignments and practical work.
There are few conditions that may differ from each college:
- Only females can apply for this course
- You need to have passed class 12 science with biology subject as one of the mains. (some colleges accept arts students)
- Married women also can apply
Admission and FEES
Admission can be taken directly after completing class 12.Most colleges will give you admission based on your merit score in the 12th board exams until the required seats get filled up.
Fees range from Rs.15,000 per semester in small institutes to Rs 25,000 per semester.
FUTURE SCOPE AND CAREER
An ANM registered nurse with INC can get a state government job as a multipurpose health worker in a rural clinic or mission.Apart from this she can also get private employment with nursing homes,clinics and dispensaries.
There are some limitations to being just an ANM s yo will find it hard to get a job in a big corporate hospital or even a state or municipal run hospital. For that you need to take up B.Sc Nursing after doing the ANM course.
However one good occupation that can be done is as a home care nurse to an ailing patient if it an old person or as a maternity helper to a woman who is expecting a child.These home nurse jobs are private and pay very well.You can expect atleast Rs.700 – 1200 per day.
Other places where you can get a job are:
- Charitable clinics
- Retirement Homes